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Chapter 3 Vocabulary US GOVERNMENT. Jurisdiction  Definition: The authority of a court to rule on certain cases  Example: The Supreme Court has JURISDICTION.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 Vocabulary US GOVERNMENT. Jurisdiction  Definition: The authority of a court to rule on certain cases  Example: The Supreme Court has JURISDICTION."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3 Vocabulary US GOVERNMENT

2 Jurisdiction  Definition: The authority of a court to rule on certain cases  Example: The Supreme Court has JURISDICTION over the entire United States

3 Popular Sovereignty  Definition: Rule by the people  Example: Kansas used POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY to decide whether or not slavery would be allowed in their new state

4 Checks & Balances  Definition: The system where each branch of government exercises some control over the others  Example: The President can use the veto power as a CHECK on the legislative branch to BALANCE out their power

5 Expressed Powers  Definition: Powers directly stated in the Constitution  Example: The Constitution gives an EXPRESSED POWER to the Congress to declare war

6 Ratify  Definition: To approve  Example: There weren’t enough states to RATIFY the amendment

7 Probable Cause  Definition: A reasonable basis to believe a person or premises is linked to a crime  Example: The officer had PROBABLE CAUSE to search the vehicle

8 Due Process  Definition: Principle in the 5 th Amendment stating that the government must follow proper Constitutional procedures in trials and in other actions it takes against individuals

9 Due Process (Continued)  Example: Although he was eventually convicted of murder, the accused received his DUE PROCESS before the conviction

10 Supremacy Clause  Definition: A statement in Article VI of the Constitution establishing that the Constitution, laws passed by Congress, and treaties of the United States “shall be the supreme law of the Land”

11 Supremacy Clause (Continued)  Example: According to the SUPREMACY CLAUSE, no law can be made to change the voting age to 21

12 Federalism  Definition: A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments  Example: Under the idea of FEDERALISM, both federal and state governments can collect taxes

13 Veto  Definition: Rejection of a bill  Example: The President used his VETO power to reject the new health care bill

14 Enumerated Powers  Definition: The expressed powers of Congress that are itemized and numbered 1-18 in Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution  Example: The ENUMERATED POWERS give Congress the power to “coin money and regulate the value thereof”

15 Petition  Definition: An appeal  Example: The students wanted to PETITION the administration for a more lenient dress code

16 Search Warrant  Definition: An order signed by a judge describing a specific place to be searched for specific items  Example: The police needed a SEARCH WARRANT in order to seize the computer

17 Eminent Domain  Definition: The power of the government to take private property for public use  Example: When widening Antelope Drive to Syracuse, the county used EMINENT DOMAIN to demolish the houses that were in the way of the new road

18 Amendment  Definition: A change to the Constitution  Example: Some people think there should be an AMENDMENT to limit the terms of members of Congress

19 Separation of Powers  Definition: The division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government  Example: The SEPARATION OF POWERS allows no one single branch of our government to become too powerful

20 Judicial Review  Definition: The power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state or national governments unconstitutional

21 Judicial Review (Continued)  Example: Using JUDICIAL REVIEW, the Supreme Court will have the ultimate decision whether or not gay marriage will be legal in all 50 states

22 Elastic Clause  Definition: Clause in Article I, Section 8, of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws “necessary and proper” to carry out the powers expressed in other clauses of Article I

23 Elastic Clause (Continued)  Example: Because of the ELASTIC CLAUSE, Congress has the ultimate power to do what is necessary & proper in order to fulfill their duties

24 Impeach  Definition: To accuse a public official of misconduct in office  Example: You can’t IMPEACH a president just because you don’t like him.

25 Arrest Warrant  Definition: An order signed by a judge naming the individual to be arrested for a specific crime  Example: There was an ARREST WARRANT out for the guy who shot the police dog.

26 “Lame Duck”  Definition: An outgoing official serving out the remainder of a term, after retiring or being defeated for re-election  Example: Since he can not run for a 3 rd term, President Obama is considered a “LAME DUCK”


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