2 There are 3 great universal questions 1) Where did I come from?2) Why am I here?3) Where am I going?
3 The answer to the last 2 questions are dependent upon the answer to the first question. Therefore, the matter of origins is of primary importance.No on should blindly accept what they are told relative to the beginnings of man
4 We should use our reasoning abilities and test the “THEORIES” presented. But prove ye all things, and hold ye that thing that is good. 1 Thess. 5:21 Wycliffe BibleThe to the first question “where did I come from? There are only 2 possibilities supernatural creation and natural creation.
5 Natural CreationismWhat is meant by Atheistic Evolution?1) Organic evolution teaches that 3-4 billion years ago the first single-celled organisms came from nonliving matter
6 The Law of Biogenesis, attributed to Louis Pasteur, states that life arises from pre-existing life, not from nonliving material. Pasteur's (and others) empirical results were summarized in the phrase Omne vivum ex vivo, Latin for "all life [is] from life", also known as the "law of biogenesis". Pasteur stated: "La génération spontanée est une chimère" ("Spontaneous generation is a dream").
7 2) Evolutionist contend that their theory explains the 2 fundamental facts. The variety of organisms and the similarity between the organisms.They explain that the differences in organisms are due to adaptions to their environment and theses adaptions are generated by:
8 Simply stated –”survival of the fittest”. Natural selectionSimply stated –”survival of the fittest”.It additionally means that the most well adapted to an environment survives
9 HeredityThis is the mechanism that for the transmission of these changes through chromosomes.The environment causes these mutations and these mutations are passed on to their offspring.
10 Darwinian EvolutionThe forces of geographical isolation, natural selection, genetic mutation and drift gave some single cell life forms a superior ability to adapt to their environmentTheir survival ensured the production of offspring which shared their same genetic traits
11 Over time small changes in the genome, combined with natural selection, and geographical isolation led to speciation of the original population of simple organismsThe forces of geographical isolation, natural selection, genetic mutation and drift gave some single cell life forms a superior ability to adapt to their environment
12 Their survival ensured the production of offspring which shared their same genetic traits Over time small changes in the genome, combined with natural selection, and geographical isolation led to speciation of the original population of simple organisms
13 The descendants of the simple organisms developed into multi-cellular organisms Speciation eventually led to all of the life forms still present todayMost genetic mutations are unfavorable and lead to extinction meaning that most species have since become extinct
14 Shifting and movement of continental plates caused the isolation and environmental changes which natural selection acted on
15 Are Evolutionist objective? Evolutionist begin with the presupposition there is no supernatural activity.They contend that the supernatural is not being manifested today therefore it does not now nor have it ever existed.
16 Science is the search for truth” Hypothesis, theory, model, law, or fact?Fact – proven to be trueLaw – no known exceptionTheory – testable, falsifiable, based on empirical findingsHypothesis – provisionally explains some factModel – simplified representation of realityWhich is Evolution? Creation?A model – let’s see why
17 We can neither observe nor repeat “origins Origins “theories” cannot be tested or provenWe have two models (not theories) of originsCreation and EvolutionModels can be compared as to their respective capacities for correlating observable data
18 Evolutionists regard Evolution as “a proven fact” They believe that Evolutionism is science and that Creationism is religionEvolutionists are unable to prove EvolutionThousands of scientists believe in Creation
19 Origin Proofs Creation cannot be “proved” Not taking place now (completed)Not accessible to use of scientific methodCan’t devise experiment to describe Creation process”Evolution cannot be “proved”If it is taking place, operates too slowly to measureTransmutation would take millions of yearsThe scientific method cannot be used to measure itSmall variations in organisms (observed today) are not relevantCan’t be used to distinguish between Creation & Evolution
20 Abuses of Scientific Theory DogmatismTheory equated/confused with factExtrapolationTheory extended to areas in which it is not known to applyExaggerationTheory accorded higher degree of verificationSubjectivismNew facts explained as “error of observation”ExploitationTheory used to justify activity in other arenas
21 There is a large difference between facts and the interpretation of those facts. Much the same as the defense and prosecution attorneys have 1 set of facts and 2 conclusions.
22 Icons of Evolution 1) The Miller-Urey Experiment 2) Darwin’s Tree of Life3) Homology in Vertebrate Limbs4) Haeckel’s Embryos5) Archaeopteryx – (missing link?)6) Peppered Moths7) Darwin’s Finches8) Four-Winged Fruit Flies9) Fossil Horses and Directed Evolution10) From Ape to Human: The Ultimate Icon
23 Similarity – Common Ancestry? We share 50% of our genes with bananas: Common parts?Haeckel’s embryos: Fraudulent?Vestigial organs: useful after all?
24 Dobzhansky’s Fruit Flies Fruit flies experiment in the labRadiation-induced mutation of fruit fliesInvolves deliberate action, not naturalResultsFruit flies with extra wings, no wings, huge wings, tiny wingsChanges detrimental to survivalNo advantages over other fruit fliesStill fruit flies!
25 No progressive beneficial changes from simple to complex No increase in quantity/quality of genetic information.
26 Quote by Roger Lewin“The central question of the Chicago conference was whether the mechanisms underlying microevolution can be extrapolated to explain the phenomena of macroevolution. At the risk of doing violence to the positions of some of the people at the meeting, the answer can be given as a clear No.”
27 What is Macro-Evolution? Molecules-to-manCommon descentEmergence of new “advanced” features via mutations and natural selectionSimple to complex living organism with increase of genetic information“Goo-to-you” (Macro) Evolution requires an increase in genetic informationMacro-Evolution has not been, and is not being, observed
28 “Not By Chance”, Dr. Lee Spetner “But in all the reading I’ve done in the life-sciences literature, I’ve never found a mutation that added information … All point mutations that have been studied on the molecular level turn out to reduce the genetic information and not to increase it.”Random (chance) mutation and natural selection are opposites!
29 “Hominid” Fossils Java Man (1891) – artificial construct Neanderthal (1856) – accepted as homo sapiensJava Man (1891) – artificial constructPiltdown Man (1908) – proven to be a hoaxNebraska Man (1922) – an extinct pigRamapithecus (1930) – an orangutanLucy (1974) – make-believe creature
30 Lucy Discovered in 1974 by Donald Johanson 40% complete skeleton Dated at 3.5 million years oldEvidence:Arm/leg ratio of 83.9 %Hip/pelvis – walked uprightKnee joint – walked upright
31 Lucy - Reconstructed Digging deeper, we find that: Leg bone broken in two places and one end was crushed -> this invalidates the ratioHip/pelvis was incomplete, and thus reshaped to make it look as if it walked uprightKnee joint was found over one mile away and 200 feet deeper in strata from rest of bones
32 ConclusionFossil remains of two different creatures fitted to form a make-believe creature ????????
33 Lord Zuckerman Chimes In “For example, no scientist could logically dispute the proposition that man, without having been involved in any act of divine creation, evolved from some ape-like creature in a very short space of time – speaking in geological terms – without leaving any fossil traces of the steps of the transformation.”
34 Quote from Stephen Jay Gould “As we survey the history of life since the inception of multicellular complexity in Ediacaran times, one feature stands out as most puzzling—the lack of clear order and progress through time among marine invertebrate faunas
35 Quote From David M. Raup“The record of evolution is still surprisingly jerky and, ironically, we have even fewer examples of evolutionary transition than we had in Darwin’s time. By this I mean that some of the classic cases of darwinian change in the fossil record, such as the evolution of the horse in North America, have had to be discarded or modified as a result of more detailed information—what appeared to be a nice simple progression when relatively few data were available now appears to be much more complex...”
36 Quote from George G. Simpson "...Every paleontologist knows that most new species, genera, and families, and that nearly all categories above the level of family appear in the record suddenly and are not led up to by known, gradual, completely continuous transitional sequences.”
37 Quote From Ronald R. West “Contrary to what most scientists write, the fossil record does not support the Darwinian theory of evolution because it is this theory (there are several) which we use to interpret the fossil record. By doing so, we are guilty of circular reasoning if we then say the fossil record supports this theory.”
38 yet for us there is one God, the Father, of whom are all things, and we for Him; and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all things, and through whom we live. 1 Cor 8:6The Son was the agent through whom the raw creation came into existence.All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made John 1:3
39 1. Macro-Evolution NOT Observed What is Macro-Evolution?Molecules-to-manCommon descentEmergence of new “advanced” features via mutations and natural selectionSimple to complex living organism with increase of genetic information“Goo-to-you” (Macro) Evolution requires an increase in genetic informationMacro-Evolution has not been, and is not being, observed
40 Micro-Evolution IS Observed What is Micro-Evolution?Genetic variation, e.g (dis)appearance of existing/potential genetic traits through recombination of existing genetic codeAdaptive variations arising from existing genetic potential already in population’s existing poolExamples of Micro-Evolution:Darwin’s finchesIndustrial melanism in peppered mothsInsects developing resistance to pesticides
41 Lord Zuckerman Chimes In For example, no scientist could logically dispute the proposition that man, without having been involved in any act of divine creation, evolved from some ape-like creature in a very short space of time – speaking in geological terms – without leaving any fossil traces of the steps of the transformation.”
42 In a Science Digest article written by Lyall Watson, he states that: “The fossils that decorate our family tree are so scarce that there are still more scientists than specimens. The remarkable fact is that all the physical evidence we have for human evolution can still be placed, with room to spare, inside a single coffin.”
43 David Pilbeam and Steven Gould (two evolutionists) report that: “Unfortunately, the fossil record of pongids (apes) is nonexistent, making a glaring deficiency in the whole story.”“As we survey the history of life since the inception of multicellular complexity in Ediacaran times, one feature stands out as most puzzling—the lack of clear order and progress through time among marine invertebrate faunas.” Gould, Stephen Jay,
44 George Gaylord Simpson said “Every paleontologist knows that most new species, genera, and families, and that nearly all categories above the level of family appear in the record suddenly and are not led up to by known, gradual, completely continuous transitional sequences.”
45 Darwin admitted in 1859:“Why then is not every geological formation and every stratum full of such intermediate links? Geology assuredly does not reveal any such finely graduated organic chain.”
46 Paul Moody wrote in a standard textbook: “So far as we can judge from the geologic record, large changes seem usually to have arisen suddenly. ... fossil forms, intermediate between large subdivisions of classification, such as orders and classes, are seldom [read never] found.”
47 The likelihood of life having occurred through a chemical accident is, for all intents and purposes, zero.” Robert Gange, Ph.D“Since Miller’s beguiling picture of a pond full of dissolved amino acids under a reducing atmosphere has been discredited, a new beguiling picture has come to take its place. The new picture has life originating in a hot, deep, dark little hole on the ocean floor.”Freeman Dyson (Professor at Princeton)
48 The Coelacanth Extinct for 70 million years 1938 living coelacanths were foundIt is still 100% fishThe front fins (lobes) are still fins
49 Proof of God’s existence For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead, so that they are without excuse, RM 1:20 NKJVThe heavens declare the glory of God; And the firmament shows His handiwork. Ps 19:1 NKJV
50 For by Him all things were created that are in heaven and that are on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or principalities or powers. All things were created through Him and for Him. Col 1:16 NKJVBy His Spirit He adorned the heavens; His hand pierced the fleeing serpentJob 26:13 NKJV
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