Presentation on theme: " Infancy And Childhood Standards IIIA-1.2 Examine the nature of change over the lifespan. IIIA-1.3 Identify the complex cognitive structures found in."— Presentation transcript:
Infancy And Childhood Standards IIIA-1.2 Examine the nature of change over the lifespan. IIIA-1.3 Identify the complex cognitive structures found in the early development of infants and young children. Standard
Physical Development Brain development Most brain cells you will ever had will be at birth Frontal lobe works the most the first few years to develop rational Memory, thinking and language the last to develop Maturation Growth to enable orderly changes in behavior which is uninfluenced by experience
Motor Development The more mature muscles and the nervous system become, the more complex the skills it can perform Sit Crawl walk run Child’s progression in learning to walk Genes are a large factor
Memory Development Memory does not mature till around our 3 rd birthday. We do not remember memories the same from when we were 3-4 compared to now Toddlers are gaining the sense of self and can store more memory in their long term storage Ex: Try accessing a.DOCX file on Microsoft office 2000.
Cognitive Development Jean Piaget believed that the brain develops and it is not just a smaller adult brain. Brain develops in children in stages. Schemas Mental molds to which we pour our experiences Ex: What features a dog has to make it a dog Assimilation Interpret new experiences and attach it to a schema Accommodation Adapt your schema to incorporate new information
30 Seconds to View.
Now Draw the image.
Try this one.
Piaget’s Stages of Development
Sensorimotor Stage From birth to 2 years old Looking, hearing, touching, mouthing, grasping Out of sight = out of mind Object Permanence Awareness that objects exist when not seen Are aware of of number of heads
Preoperational Stage Begins from ages 2-7 (Preschool till 2 nd grade) Language development but cannot have concrete logic Lack the skill of conservation (think science!) Egocentrism Children cannot empathize with others and take another point of view
Theory of Mind People’s ideas about their own and other’s mental state (feelings, perceptions and thoughts) years of age, children develop false beliefs Ex: You have a box of Band-Aids. You asked a child what is in the box. What do you think he will respond? Knowing the new information, you ask him what someone else would think, what do you think he will answer? Begin to use words to solve problems and thinking with words.
Concrete Operational Stage From 7 to 11 years of age. Begin to grasp the concept of conservation Begin to grasp mathematical transformation = 12 and = 8
Formal Operational Stage From the age of 12 on Abstract thinking begins to happen Solve hypothetical problems Ex: If John is in school, Mary is in school. John is in school. Where is Mary?
Which direction does the bus go?
Exit ticket Standard: IIIA-1.1 Describe physical, social, and cognitive changes from the prenatal period throughout the lifespan. Question: What are the different stages of gestation? What are some issues that can hinder an infant from growing up? Provide specific examples. IIIA-1.3 Identify the complex cognitive structures found in the early development of infants and young children. Explain Piaget’s theory of development by explaining in detail each stage. Provide an example of each stage.