“Go see your teacher!” “Close the door.” “Send me an email.” What do you notice??
L'impératif in French, is a verb mood which is used to… 1.Give an order/command 1.Express a desire 1.Make a request 1.Recommend something L’impératif
With l’impératif, you only have 3 pronouns to choose from… When writing or speaking in l’impératif you do not say the pronoun!!! Tu – you Nous – we Vous – you plural (as in, you guys) How do you conjugate??
Step 1: decide which pronoun to use. Who are you giving the command to? Example, I want to tell my students to do their French homework. I would select vous because I would be telling many people to do the command. Step 2: take the present tense of the verb and select the appropriate pronoun. Example, the verb for “do” is faire. Since I am selecting vous as my pronoun, I know that the verb I will use is faites. Step 3: drop the pronoun, only use the verb in the sentence. Example, I wouldn’t say vous faites les devoirs! I drop the vous, and keep the faites. Faites les devoirs! Steps to conjugate
The conjugation for l’imperatif is the same as the present tense for ER verbs The only exception is that instead of adding –ES as the ending for the form TU, you add an –E only Example: Parlez maintenant! Speak now! ER Verbs Parler TuParle NousParlons VousParlez
The conjugation for l’imperatif is the same as the present tense for IR end RE verbs Examples: Finis tes devoirs! Finish your homework! Attendez mes amis! Wait my friends! IR and RE Verbs Finir Tufinis Nousfinissons Vousfinissez Attendre Tuattends Nousattendons Vousattendez
There are only 4 verbs that do not follow the same pattern for l’impératif Irregular Verbs Avoir Tuaie Nousayons Vousayez Être Tusois Noussoyons Voussoyez Savoir Tusache Noussachons Voussachez Vouloir Tuveuille Nousn/a Vousveuillez
L’impératif is used when… Giving a command/order Telling someone to do something It is conjugated with only three pronouns… Tu Nous Vous It is conjugated using the present tense of the verb… Step 1: decide which pronoun to use. Who are you giving the command to? Step 2: take the present tense of the verb and select the appropriate pronoun Step 3: drop the pronoun, only use the verb in the sentence. There are only 4 irregular verbs… Avoir Être, Savoir Vouloir In summary