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Presentation on theme: "Instructor Date."— Presentation transcript:

1 Instructor Date

2 Course Outline – Session 1
Mental Health First Aid Common mental health problems The five basic steps of mental health first aid What are substance use disorders? Symptoms and risk factors Crisis first aid for overdose Mental health first aid for substance use disorders Treatment and resources

3 Course Outline – Session 2
What is depression? Symptoms of depression Risk factors for depression Alcohol, drugs and depression Suicide in Canada Crisis first aid for suicidal behaviour Mental health first aid for depression Treatment and resources

4 Course Outline – Session 3
What are anxiety disorders? Symptoms of anxiety disorders Risk factors for anxiety disorders Alcohol, drugs and anxiety disorders Crisis first aid for panic attacks Crisis first aid for acute stress reaction Mental health first aid for anxiety disorders Treatment and resources

5 Course Outline – Session 4
What are psychotic disorders? Symptoms of psychotic disorders Risk factors for psychosis Alcohol, drugs and psychotic disorders Crisis first aid for acute psychosis Mental health first aid for psychosis Treatment and resources Other expressions of distress

6 World Health Organization
Health is “a state of (complete) physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” Mental Health is “a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.”

7 The Mental Health Continuum
Maximum Mental Health Minimal Mental Disorder Minimal Mental Health Maximum Mental Disorder Diagnosis of a serious illness and poor mental health Diagnosis of a serious illness but copes well and has positive mental health No illness or disorder and positive mental health No diagnosable illness or disorder but has poor mental health

8 What are Mental Health Problems?
A mental health problem causes major changes in a person’s thinking, emotional state and behaviour, and disrupts the person’s ability to work and carry on their usual personal relationships.

9 What is Mental Health First Aid?
Mental Health First Aid is the help provided to a person developing a mental health problem or in a mental health crisis. The first aid is given until appropriate professional help is received or until the crisis is resolved.

10 Assess risk of suicide or harm Listen non-judgmentally
The Five Basic Steps Assess risk of suicide or harm Listen non-judgmentally Give reassurance and information Encourage the person to get appropriate professional help Encourage self-help strategies

11 Why Mental Health First Aid?
There is stigma associated with mental health problems Imagine if we treated everyone like we treated the mentally ill.



14 Why Mental Health First Aid?
There is stigma associated with mental health problems Mental health problems are common Many people are not well informed about mental health/problems Professional help is not always on hand People often do not know how to respond

15 Prevalence At least 1 in 3 Canadians will experience a mental health problem at some point in their life At least 1 in 5 Canadians will experience a mental health problem in a year In Canada 20 per cent of all sick leaves are related to mental health

16 Impact The economic costs of mental illnesses in Canada was estimated to be at least $14.3 billion in 1998 Mental illnesses are disabling Six of the 10 leading causes of ‘years lived with disability’ are mental health problems

17 The ALGEE Rap Assess situation and evaluate the risk
Listen very carefully and don’t tsk tsk Give reassurance and the good info Encourage them to see appropriate pro Encourage them to use self help ideas And that is the ALGEE rap my dears!

18 What is a Substance Use Disorder?
Using alcohol or drugs does not in itself mean that a person has a substance use disorder (SUD) Dependence on a substance Use leads to problems at work, school, home Use causes damage to health

19 = One Standard Drink Table Wine 5 oz/142 mL (12% alcohol) Regular Beer
Spirits 1.5 oz/43 mL (40% alcohol) Centre for Addiction and Mental Health

20 Low-Risk Drinking Guidelines
0 drinks = lowest risk of an alcohol- related problem No more than 2 standard drinks on any one day Women: up to 9 standard drinks a week Men: up to 14 standard drinks a week

21 Long-Term Effects of Alcohol
Brain Heart Lungs Liver, pancreas, stomach and intestines Genitals and reproductive system Muscles, nervous system, motor skills Skin

22 Other Abused Substances
Tobacco Nicotine is a powerful stimulant Male smokers are twice as likely to experience impotence Spit tobacco contains more than 3,000 chemicals Withdrawal symptoms include anxiety, insomnia, restlessness Some long term effects - heart disease, stroke, cancer

23 Other Abused Substances
Cannabis (marijuana, hashish, joints, reefers) Most widely used illegal drug in Canada About 2% of the population have problem with cannabis abuse/dependence. More than twice as likely to suffer from an anxiety disorder or depression More than three times the risk of suffering from psychotic symptoms