2Course Outline – Session 1 Mental Health First AidCommon mental health problemsThe five basic steps of mental health first aidWhat are substance use disorders?Symptoms and risk factorsCrisis first aid for overdoseMental health first aid for substance use disordersTreatment and resources
3Course Outline – Session 2 What is depression?Symptoms of depressionRisk factors for depressionAlcohol, drugs and depressionSuicide in CanadaCrisis first aid for suicidal behaviourMental health first aid for depressionTreatment and resources
4Course Outline – Session 3 What are anxiety disorders?Symptoms of anxiety disordersRisk factors for anxiety disordersAlcohol, drugs and anxiety disordersCrisis first aid for panic attacksCrisis first aid for acute stress reactionMental health first aid for anxiety disordersTreatment and resources
5Course Outline – Session 4 What are psychotic disorders?Symptoms of psychotic disordersRisk factors for psychosisAlcohol, drugs and psychotic disordersCrisis first aid for acute psychosisMental health first aid for psychosisTreatment and resourcesOther expressions of distress
6World Health Organization Health is “a state of (complete) physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”Mental Health is “a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.”
7The Mental Health Continuum Maximum Mental HealthMinimal Mental DisorderMinimal Mental HealthMaximum Mental DisorderDiagnosis of a serious illness and poor mental healthDiagnosis of a serious illness but copes well and has positive mental healthNo illness or disorder and positive mental healthNo diagnosable illness or disorder but has poor mental health
8What are Mental Health Problems? A mental health problem causes major changes in a person’s thinking, emotional state and behaviour, and disrupts the person’s ability to work and carry on their usual personal relationships.
9What is Mental Health First Aid? Mental Health First Aid is the help provided to a person developing a mental health problem or in a mental health crisis. The first aid is given until appropriate professional help is received or until the crisis is resolved.
10Assess risk of suicide or harm Listen non-judgmentally The Five Basic StepsAssess risk of suicide or harmListen non-judgmentallyGive reassurance and informationEncourage the person to get appropriate professional helpEncourage self-help strategies
11Why Mental Health First Aid? There is stigma associated with mentalhealth problemsImagine if we treated everyone like we treated the mentally ill.
14Why Mental Health First Aid? There is stigma associated with mental health problemsMental health problems are commonMany people are not well informed about mental health/problemsProfessional help is not always on handPeople often do not know how to respond
15PrevalenceAt least 1 in 3 Canadians will experience a mental health problem at some point in their lifeAt least 1 in 5 Canadians will experience a mental health problem in a yearIn Canada 20 per cent of all sick leaves are related to mental health
16ImpactThe economic costs of mental illnesses in Canada was estimated to be at least $14.3 billion in 1998Mental illnesses are disablingSix of the 10 leading causes of ‘years lived with disability’ are mental health problems
17The ALGEE Rap Assess situation and evaluate the risk Listen very carefully and don’t tsk tskGive reassurance and the good infoEncourage them to see appropriate proEncourage them to use self help ideasAnd that is the ALGEE rap my dears!
18What is a Substance Use Disorder? Using alcohol or drugs does not in itself mean that a person has a substance use disorder (SUD)Dependence on a substanceUse leads to problems at work, school, homeUse causes damage to health
19= One Standard Drink Table Wine 5 oz/142 mL (12% alcohol) Regular Beer Spirits1.5 oz/43 mL(40% alcohol)Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
20Low-Risk Drinking Guidelines 0 drinks = lowest risk of an alcohol- related problemNo more than 2 standard drinks on any one dayWomen: up to 9 standard drinks a weekMen: up to 14 standard drinks a week
21Long-Term Effects of Alcohol BrainHeartLungsLiver, pancreas, stomach and intestinesGenitals and reproductive systemMuscles, nervous system, motor skillsSkin
22Other Abused Substances TobaccoNicotine is a powerful stimulantMale smokers are twice as likely to experience impotenceSpit tobacco contains more than 3,000 chemicalsWithdrawal symptoms include anxiety, insomnia, restlessnessSome long term effects - heart disease, stroke, cancer
23Other Abused Substances Cannabis (marijuana, hashish, joints, reefers)Most widely used illegal drug in CanadaAbout 2% of the population have problem with cannabis abuse/dependence.More than twice as likely to suffer from an anxiety disorder or depressionMore than three times the risk of suffering from psychotic symptoms