New Practical English 1 Maintaining a Sharp Eye Passage I Punctuality and Keeping Promise Passage II Begin Each Day with a Fresh Plan of Attack
New Practical English 1 Passage I Text-related Information Intensive Study Practice
New Practical English 1 Boyd, Selma--I Met a Polar Bear Burningham, John. John Patrick Norman McHennessy -- the Boy Who was Always Late Grossman, Bill--The Guy Who Was Five Minutes Late. Hoff, Sid. Henrietta-- the Early Bird Sewell, Marcia and Phyllis Krasilovsky-- The Man Who Tried to Save Time Text-related information The following books are good examples of being prompt and acting at the right time:
New Practical English 1 Better never than late. George Bernard Shaw If you're there before it's over, you're on time. James J. Walker Unfaithfulness in the keeping of an appointment is an act of clear dishonesty. You may as well borrow a person's money as his time. Horace Mann Quotes about... PUNCTUALITY
New Practical English 1 Promptitude is not only a duty, but is also a part of good manners; it is favorable to fortune, reputation, influence, and usefulness; a little attention and energy will form the habit, so as to make it easy and delightful. Charles Simmons Be late for something I am a believer in punctuality though it makes me very lonely. E. V. Verrall
New Practical English 1 Text Intensive Study Difficult Sentences Important Words
New Practical English 1 (para.1) In social activities it is always emphasized to be punctual, to have a strong conception of time. If you fail to keep your promise or do not come on time and thus keep your host waiting, that is very impolite. It’s hard to imagine what will happen if there is such an activity as a banquet, interview, or meeting, yet all people concerned do not come on time. emphasizedpunctualconcerned PunctualityPunctuality and Keeping Promise
New Practical English 1 If you are asked to meet a foreign guest at the airport or at the railway station and you go so late that the guest has come before you arrive, how anxious and embarrassed he will be when he,as a stranger to the place, sees no person meeting him! The same is true with the activity of seeing off a foreign guest. If you arrive so late at the airport or railway station to find the guest has gone already, what’s the use of your going there?embarrassed 1 2
New Practical English 1 (para. 2) So, as a host, whenever there is an activity, you should come to the place ahead of schedule so as to wait for the guests to come. Don’t let the guests wait for you. It’s very impolite. Those who are to help entertain the guests should also come earlier than the guests. But for a guest, at what time is it proper to come?wheneverentertain 3
New Practical English 1 You should be punctual. That is, neither too early, nor too late. If it is too early, the host may not get the things ready. If it is too late, you may keep the host waiting. Anyone, guest or host, who is really late for a social activity, should apologize to those who have already been there.apologize 4
New Practical English 1 (para. 3)After making an appointment, generally, don’t change it as that is impolite. If you do have to change, you should inform the person by telephone or with a written note as soon as possible, so that he or she can make a rearrangement. Sometimes, an appointment has been already made, but something unexpected happens and you find no time to inform the person concerned. In this case, you should make an apology to the person afterwards.inform rearrangementunexpected apology 5
New Practical English 1 …how anxious and embarrassed he will be when he,as a stranger to the place, sees no person meeting him! (para. 1) Analysis: This is an exclamatory sentence with When-clause as an adverbial of time. As means “being”, used here to introduce an adverbial of manner. Meeting is a present participial modifying person. 要是他到了一个陌生的地方，看到没有人来接他，他会是多么 焦急和尴尬！ e.g. How happy and delighted she will be when she, as a foreigner, sees a friend meeting her at the airport.
New Practical English 1 The same is true with the activity of seeing off a foreign guest. (para. 1) Analysis: e.g. The same is true with the learning of a foreign language. The same is true with…means “ 也是如 此 ”. With is a preposition introducing the thing which has the previous- mentioned feature(s) 给外国人送行也是如此。
New Practical English 1 So, as a host, whenever there is an activity, you should come to the place ahead of schedule so as to wait for the guests to come.(para. 2) Analysis: e.g. So, as a fireman, whenever there is a fire, you should come to the place at once so as to put the fire under control. Whenever introduces an adverbial clause of time. In the main clause ahead of schedule is an adverbial of time while so as to introduces an adverbial of purpose. 所以说，主人在搞活动时，要提前到场，等客人光临。
New Practical English 1 Anyone, guest or host, who is really late for a social activity, should apologize to those who have already been there.(para. 2) Analysis: e.g. Anyone, man or woman, who is in charge of a project, should often talk to those who participate in the project. Guest or host is a reduced form of whether he is a guest or a host. Note that here singular forms are used without articles. The two who-clauses are used to modify anyone and those respectively. 在社交活动中，不论是客人还是主人，如果迟到了，都应该向 已经到场的人说声抱歉。
New Practical English 1 Sometimes, an appointment has been already made, but something unexpected happens and you find no time to inform the person concerned.(para. 3) Analysis: e.g. Sometimes a decision has been made, but some change has to be made because problems unexpected arise, an you have no time to discuss the change with the persons concerned. Unexpected and concerned are both adjectives which function as post modifiers of something and the person respectively. 有时定好会面时间后，发生了意外的事，没有时间通知相关人 员。
New Practical English 1 punctuality punctual being punctual n. 严守时间 being on time a. 守时的 Mary got a prize for punctuality. John is always punctual for class but this morning he was late. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 emphasize To place emphasis on… Our teacher emphasized how important it was to study English. I must emphasize that they are just children. The speaker emphasized the importance of education. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 concerned anxious involved worried I was very concerned about my mother’s illness. All the people concerned attended the meeting. involved worried FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 embarrass He embarrassed everyone by saying that the picture was terrible. She was embarrassed when they asked about her age. 使窘迫， 使难堪 FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 whenever when Come whenever you have time. Whenever I go to Beijing, I visit the Great Wall. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 entertain A teacher should entertain as well as teach. The Smiths do a great deal of entertaining. 使高兴，使感兴趣 款待，请客 FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 apologize apologize to sb.for sth. apology I apologized to her for stepping on her foot. I’m here especially to apologize to you. [C] [vi.] I must offer her an apology for not going to her party. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 inform [vt.] He promised to keep us informed of how the negotiations were going on. I informed my boss that I was going to be away next week. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 rearrangement retell rewrite movement re- arrange -ment The plan is not good and we need to make a rearrangement. The rearrangement of the furniture makes the room clean and tidy. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 unexpected Her promotion was completely unexpected. An unexpected guest is usually not welcome. adj. 不速之客 FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 Read and Think Read and Complete Read and Simulate Practice Read and Translate
New Practical English 1 1. What is emphasized in social activities? ______________________________________ 2. How will a foreign guest feel if you are late in getting to the airport to meet him? _______________________________________ EXERCISE 1 PRACTICE Read and Think Answer the following questions according to the text. He will fell anxious and embarrassed. To be punctual.
New Practical English 1 3. When should the guests come to a social activity? ___________________________________ 4. If you are late for a social activity, what should you do? _________________________________________ 5. What should you do if you cannot inform the person concerned of the change of an appointment? ___________________________________ You should apologize afterwards. On time, not too early and not too late. Apologize to those who have already been there.
New Practical English 1 EXERCISE 2 PRACTICE Read and Complete Fill in the blanks without referring to the passage. The author emphasizes the importance of___________ and __________ promise. In social activities it is important to have a strong _____________ of time and be punctual. Try not to be late for a social activity as it is impolite to keep other people _________. As a host, you should come to the place ahead of _________ so as to wait for the _________to come. punctualitykeeping conception waiting schedule guests
New Practical English 1 As a guest, you should be_________, that is, not too ______, not too ________. On the other hand, it is also impolite to __________ an appointment after you’ve made it. If something __________ happens, and you have to change your appointment, inform the person __________by telephone or with a written note as soon as possible. concerned punctual earlylate change unexpected
New Practical English 1 EXERCISE 4 PRACTICE Read and Complete Matching, changing the form of words if necessary. 1. We __________ for any inconvenience caused by the train’s delay. 2. I was really ______________ when I knocked a cup of tea over him. 3. I __________ my boss of my arrival in Tokyo. 4. It is _____________ that all people should learn to make use of Internet. 5. All of us are __________ to have our vacation in the countryside. anxious emphasized apologize embarrassed informed
New Practical English 1 6. Do you think this is a __________ solution to the problem? 7. It is __________ to ask people such a personal question. 8. He is always on time for classes. The teacher often praises him for being __________. 9. He gave a(n) __________ answer to the question. 10. Please tell Mr. Green that I’m here for the _____________. 11. My secretary typed up a __________ for me to follow on my trip. proper impolite punctual appointment schedule unexpected
New Practical English 1 EXERCISE 5 PRACTICE Read and Translate Translate the following sentences into English. 2 我想约见史密斯大夫。 1 对不起， 让你久等了。 keep sb. waiting make an appointment I’m sorry to have kept you waiting I’d like to make an appointment to see Dr. Smith. 3 不敲门就进屋是不礼貌的。 It’s impolite to enter a room without knocking at the door first. impolite, knock at the door
New Practical English 1 They were angry because you had not kept your promise. 4 如果发生什么特别情况，要尽快通知我们。 5 由于你没有遵守诺言，他们很生气。 inform keep one’s promise Inform us as soon as possible if anything special happens. 6 In this case, let’s try to get there early. 这样的话，咱们就争取早到。 in this case
New Practical English 1 How anxious and embarrassed he will be when he sees no person meeting him. How unhappy and disappointed she will be when she finds no person supporting her. EXERCISE 5 PRACTICE Read and Simulate Pay attention to the italicized parts and simulate the structure. 听到这消息，他们会多么兴奋开心呀。 How exciting and happy they will be when they hear the news.
New Practical English 1 丢了钱包，他多么焦虑不安呀。 How worried and upset he will be when his wallet is missing. How anxious and embarrassed he will be when he sees no person meeting him. How unhappy and disappointed she will be when she finds no person supporting her.
New Practical English 1 What’s the use of your going there? What’s the point of his making promises without keeping them? 你和他争论有什么用呢？ 她只是读书但不思考，有什么用呢？ What’s the point of her reading without thinking? What’s the use of your arguing with him?
New Practical English 1 Whenever there is an activity, you should come to the place ahead of schedule. Whenever there is an emergency, you should be there as quickly as possible. 有问题的时候，就告诉我。 他们有困难的时候，你应当尽力帮忙。 Whenever they have a difficulty, you should try to help them. Whenever you have a problem, you should let me know.
New Practical English 1 The same is true with the activity of seeing off a foreign guest. The same is true with the habit of getting up early. 学习电脑科学也是如此。 庆祝新年的风俗也是如此。 The same is true with the custom of celebrating New Year. The same is true with the study of computer science.
New Practical English 1 Anyone, guest or host, who is really late for a social activity, should apologize to those who have already been there. Anyone, boss or clerk, who has done something wrong, should take responsibility for it. 不论老师还是学生，翻了错误都要改正。 不论大人还是小孩，累了都要放一下。 Anyone, adult or child, who is really tired, should relax themselves. Anyone, teacher or student, who has made a mistake, should correct it.
New Practical English 1 In social activities, it is always emphasized to be punctual. In social activities, it is always emphasized to be dressed formally. 在社会交往中，总是强调要尊重他人。 在社会交往中，总是强调要有时间观念。 In social activities, it is always emphasized to have a strong conception of time. In social activities, it is always emphasized to respect other people.
New Practical English 1 It is hard to imagine what will happen if all people concerned don’t come on time. it is hard to imagine what will happen if all of us aren't’t on time. 如果我们不采取行动减少污染，很难想象将会怎样。 如果我们不注重环境，很难想象将会怎样。 It is hard to imagine what will happen is we don’t pay attention to the environment. It is hard to imagine what will happen if we don’t take actins to reduce pollution.
New Practical English 1 Passage II Text-related Information Intensive Study Practice
New Practical English 1 Text-related Information Having identified exactly what you are to do, it would be useful to do a task and time analysis and work out a timeline for completing the assignment by the due date. List all the small tasks you need to undertake in order to finish up with a completed assignment Planning Your Work Have Fun at Work!*
New Practical English 1 Now try working backwards from the due date: estimate just when you will need to complete each of the sub- tasks. It can be useful to write yourself reminders for set dates in your diary. This will give you a detailed working timeline to follow. Remember that it's up to you to do the work and do it on time.
New Practical English 1 The hardest thing about reaching your goals is taking that first step, but remember that every great book started with a single word, every great song with a single beat. So whatever you can do, no matter how small, is a start. Keeping Your Plan Alive We've all done it; written out plans or made promises to ourselves only to completely forget them or get sidetracked by something else. You need to keep your plan alive. Here are some suggestions:
New Practical English 1 Know yourself. What style of procrastination do you take? Cleaning your room? Socializing? Reading? Running away? Day dreaming? Keep an eye on yourself and learn to spot the warning signs. Get yourself a diary and use it every day. Write down what you are going to do or have already done. Carry it around with you every day, make it a habit.
New Practical English 1 Make a 'to do' list that you write into your diary. Even small, easy-to-do things could be added to the list. Tick them off as you go along. Plan ahead. Break down tasks into smaller goals, and give these goals deadlines. Write these deadlines into your diary. Organize your environment, Pin boards, calendars, an address book - work out what you need and put it in place.
New Practical English 1 Break things down. Breaking a task down into manageable chunks usually removes the threat of having to do a large task all at once. Also, completing several small chunks is going to make you feel a lot more positive than if you fail to finish one large unmanageable one. Fake it! Act as if you are a well-organised non- procrastinator. Imagine how you would think and behave and you'll pick up the habit.
New Practical English 1 Text Intensive Study Difficult Sentences Important Words
New Practical English 1 (para.1)You’d hoped that when you got in this morning, it would be gone. But that towering pile of work --everything from mail to memos--is right where you left it. The boss pops in to ask if you can spare a few minutes. You’re drowning in a pile of papers, and she wants to know if you can spare a few minutes. All she’s going to do is to give you more work anyway. This job is impossible!drowning Begin Each Day with a Fresh Plan of Attack 1 2
New Practical English 1 (para.2) Is that what your work life feels like day after day--an endless number of little tasks and big headaches? Preplan your day and this will help you feel good about yourself and your job! (para.3) It’s 9:00 a.m., and you’re sitting at your desk staring at a long report, performance reviews, three memos to answer and a press release. It has all got to be done, but you can’t even decide where to begin. If only somebody could organize this mess. Well, somebody can--you!performancemess 3
New Practical English 1 (para.4) In fact your mistake is trying to face this entire first thing in the morning without a plan of action and this is enough to ruin your whole day--maybe even a week. Instead, take the last thirty minutes of each day to examine what looms ahead the next. Write down everything you want to finish.action 4
New Practical English 1 (para.5)Now, divide projects into three smaller lists. Your A-list items are highest priority. Gather phone numbers and files you’ll need so that you won’t waste valuable time. Then draw up less immediate B list. If tasks are brief and easily done, you may get to some of these items the next day, but don’t let them draw too much attention. Everything else should be C-listed.divideprojectsitemsprioritydraw up immediate 5
New Practical English 1 (para.6) Each list is flexible and subject to review at the end of the day, of course. Some items that were less important on Monday will move to Tuesday. Possibly, you can also slide in a less important task that’s fun to do. Either way, it’s important to begin each day with a fresh plan of attack, one that will get you to pass morning panic and right down to work.flexiblesubject toslide
New Practical English 1 But that towering pile of work --everything from mail to memos--is right where you left it. (para. 1) Analysis: 可实际上这堆成山似的工作，什么邮件呀，备忘录呀仍旧在原 来的地方摆着。 e.g. But that large sum of your papers----everything from compositions to lab reports is right where you put it. from…to… gives examples for everything. Where-clause introduces a subject complement clause of the link verb is and right as an adverb is used here for emphasis.
New Practical English 1 All she’s going to do is to give you more work anyway. (para. 1) e.g. All I’m going to do is to ask for your help anyway. In all she’s going to do…,all is the subject, and she’s going to do is the relative clause modifying all, with that omitted. To give you more work anyway is an infinitive clause acting as the subject complement. Anyway means in any case. 说到底，她是要你干更多的活。 Analysis:
New Practical English 1 If only somebody could organize this mess. (para. 3) e.g If only I could speak fluent English. without the main clause If only introduces a clause to express a wish or desire requiring the use of he subjunctive mood, thus could is used here instead of “can” 要是有人收拾这个乱摊子该多好！ Analysis:
New Practical English 1 Instead, take the last thirty minutes of each day to examine what looms ahead the next. (para. 4) e.g. Instead, set aside one hour each day to review what you have learned. Instead is an adverb used here to indicate that what has been said in the previous sentences is not proper while what follows is the right way. 相反，每日下班前半个小时，检查一下第二天要做的工作。 Analysis:
New Practical English 1 Everything else should be C-listed. (para. 5) e.g. Everybody else should be B-leveled. C-listed means “put in the C list” 其余的事情列在 C 单上。 Analysis:
New Practical English 1 drown 淹死 淹没 The houses and streets were drowned by the flood. Hundreds of people drowned in the flood. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 performance performing or carrying out… a staging or production Our football team’s performance has been excellent this year. The band will give two more performances before leaving China. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 mess a confused or dirty state What a mess! Everything is on the floor. They cleaned up the mess before they left. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 action doing things deeds We must take actions before it is too late. A man of action is not content just to talk. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 divide to separate into parts Scientists divide the peoples of the world into five races. The class divides into four groups. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 project plan The school children are willing to play a part in the Hope Project. The new project this year is to build another highway. 方案、计划；项 目、工程 FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 item 日常用品 a single thing among a set or on a list Please check the items in this bill. He made a list of household items he needed to buy. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 priority The priority of our company is to gain sales. Their proposals gave priority to the needs of the children. prior to 需要优先考虑的事务 FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 The contract has been drawn up, but hasn’t been signed yet. I haven’t drawn up my vacation plans. draw up prepare, to form FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 done or needed at once; nearest; next immediate Please send an immediate reply. Mr. Smith is my immediate supervisor. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 flexible We can visit you any day of the week; our plans are flexible. If you bend the piece, you will see it is flexible. (of things)easily bend (fig)(of people) easily changed FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 be subject to be governed by someone or something tending to be affected by Our plans are subject to the weather. The schedule is subject to change without notice. 事先不通知 FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 slide go smoothly over a surface go silently and unnoticed The boat slid down the bank into the river. No one know when she slid out of the room. FOR EXAMPLE
New Practical English 1 Read and Judge Read and Rewrite Read and Translate Practice
New Practical English 1 Although you are quite busy, your boss still might give you more work. ( ) You should divide your projects into three smaller lists in the morning. ( ) Your C-list items are of least priority relatively. ( ) EXERCISE 7 PRACTICE Read and Judge True or False questions T T F
New Practical English 1 You should finish B-list items on the second day of the week. ( ) You should not put off any of the A-list items till the next day. ( ) You should take last ten minutes of each day to check whether you have finished A-list items. ( ) F F F
New Practical English 1 Have you ever experienced morning panic? What’s the mess you have to face and what’s the cause for it? What’s the advice to solve the problem? EXERCISE 8 PRACTICE Read and Rewrite Write a summary of passage 2 with the help of the questions.
New Practical English 1 You can change the items on your A, B and C- lists if necessary. ( ) Every day you should start with A-list items and end with C-list items. ( ) With a fresh plan of attack, you’ll quickly get right to work. ( ) F T T
New Practical English 1 How can you preplan your day? What is the three-list arrangement? Make a summary of how to get over the morning panic. Reference
New Practical English 1 EXERCISE 9 PRACTICE Read and Translate Translate the following sentences into Chinese. Bad weather ruined our holiday. He made a list of daily items he should buy. Sally feels like a cup of coffee whenever she comes home. 坏天气把我们的假期搞得索然无味。 他把该买的日常用品列了个单子。 萨丽到家总想喝杯咖啡。
New Practical English 1 We all know that the plan is divided into three parts. The manager gave a brief report and the meeting ended at 2 p.m. Our plans are quite flexible, so we can change them if necessary. Can you spare ten minutes to discuss our schedule? I will ask my secretary to draw up a plan. 经理作了一个简短的报告，会议两点就结束了。 我们的计划很灵活，如有必要可以变动。 你能腾出十分钟讨论一下咱们的时间表吗？ 我会让秘书起草一份计划。 我们都知道这份计划分为 3 个部分。
New Practical English 1 Reference You may have experienced morning panic. When you come to the office in the morning, there is always a large pile of work. Everything needs to be finished and you can’t even decide where to begin. You can’t organize the mess at all. In fact, the cause for your morning panic is hat you try to face this entire first thing at the same time.
New Practical English 1 You haven’t made a plan of action. My advice for you is to preplan your day. You divide your projects into three lists. you’re a-list items are highest priority, your B-list items are less immediate, and everything else should be in the C-list. Each list is flexible and you can change the items at the end of the day. If you begin each day with a fresh plan of action, it will help you get over morning panic and you can get right down to work.