Talking Face to Face Being All Ears Maintaining A Sharp Eye Trying Your Hand
Important words and phrases 1.arrival, concern, departure, emphasize,embarrass, unexpected, afterwards, timetable, schedule, punctual, punctuality, rearrangement, memo, Preplan 2.ahead of schedule, at a certain time, run on a schedule, keep one’s promise, make an appointment
Sentence Patterns 1.The arrival time in Hong Kong is 11:45 in the morning. 2.I have a busy schedule this week. 3.What’s your schedule for tomorrow? 4.Is there a direct flight to Hong Kong on Tuesday? 5.I am going to Hong Kong on business the day after tomorrow. 6.I’d like to take the 12:15 flight to Hong Kong.
Sentence Patterns 7.The flight leaves at 3:50, but you must check in one hour before departure. 8.I plan to leave for Shanghai on an early morning flight. 9.Please tell me the departure times and arrival times. 10.There is a flight to Dalian at 7 a.m. tomorrow.
Some questions about the passage 1.What is emphasized in social activities? 2.How will he feel if you are late to meet a foreign guest at the airport? 3.When should the guests come to a social activity? 4.What should you do if you are late for a social activity? 5.If you cannot inform the person concerned of the change of an appointment, what should you do?
Detailed explanations 1.punctual adj. to be on time 守时的 punctuality n. being punctual 严守时间 eg: John is always punctual for class. 2.emphasize v. to place emphasis on 强调 eg: Our teacher emphasized how important it was to study English. 3.conception of time = sense of time 时间观念 sense of space 空间观念 4.In social activities it is always emphasized to… 在社交活动中，人们总是强调要 …… eg: In social activities it is always emphasized to respect others. 5.concerned adj. involved 有关的 eg: All the people concerned attended the meeting.
Detailed explanations 6.embarrass v. to cause to feel ashamed, uncomfortable 使窘 迫 eg: I was really embarrassed when I knocked a cup of tea over him. He embarrassed everyone by saying that the picture was terrible. 7.…how anxious and embarrassed he will be when he, as a stranger to the place, sees no person meeting him! when-clause is an adverbial of time. as is used here to introduce an adverbial of manner. meeting is a present participial modifying person. eg: How disappointed and upset he will be when he, as a monitor, sees no classmates support him. How happy and delighted she will be when she, as a foreigner, sees a friend meeting her at the airport.
Detailed explanations 8.The same is true with… …… 也是如此 eg: The same is true with the study of computer science. 9.What’s the use/point of …? …… 有什么用呢？ eg: What’s the use of her reading without thinking? What’s the point of arguing with him? 10.whenever conj. at whatever time 无论何时 eg: Whenever you want, you can come to visit me. Whenever I go to Beijing, I visit the Great Wall. 11.ahead of schedule = in advance 提前 12.entertain v. to amuse and interest 使高兴 to provide food and drink for 款待 eg: He entertained his guests generously. 13.apologize v. to say sorry apologize to sb. for sth. 为某事向某人道歉 eg: I apologized to her for stepping on her foot.
Detailed explanations 14.Anyone, guest or host, who is really late for a social activity, should apologize to those who have already been there. guest or host is a reduced form of whether he is a guest or a host. Singular forms are used with no articles at all. eg: Anyone, teacher or student, who has made a mistake, should correct it. Anyone, adult or child, who is really tired, should relax themselves. 15. make an appointment with sb. 与 …… 约会 eg: I’d like to make an appointment with Mr. Smith. 16.inform v. to give information to 告知，通知 inform sb. of sth. 告知某人某事 eg: I informed my boss of my arrival in Tokyo. Inform us as soon as possible if anything special happens.
Detailed explanations 17.rearrangement n. putting into a different order 重新安排 eg: The rearrangement of the furniture makes the room clean and tidy. 18.unexpected adj. not expected 意想不到的 eg: He gave an unexpected answer to the question. Her promotion was completely unexpected.
Grammar Verb Tenses: 1. 一般式：分为现在一般式，过去一般 式和将来一般式，表示现在、过去或 将来发生或存在的经常性或习惯性的 行为或状态。 (1). 现在一般式还常用来表示特征、状态 或普遍真理。 一般式常和 always, often, usually, everyday, sometimes, occasionally 等表 示频率的状语连用。 eg: She always takes a walk in the evening.
Grammar eg: The children are very happy. Light travels faster than sound. (2). 一般过去式常和表示过去的时间状语 连用。如： yesterday, two years ago, in 1988, last year (month, week…), once, then, just now 等。 eg: He lived in Beijing in 2001. Last year, they bought a new house. (3). 一般将来时态则常出现表示将来时间 的状语。如： tomorrow, next year, in two years 等。 eg: Mary will be here tomorrow.
Grammar eg: We’re going to try a new method next month. 2. 进行式：分为现在进行式，过去进行式 和将来进行式。表示现在、过去和将 来某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或 状态。 eg: Listen! John is singing in his room. He is teaching English in a university. I was playing chess when you called. He was reading while I was watching TV. He will be reading at seven tonight. Will you be using your car tomorrow?
Grammar 3. 完成式：分为现在完成式、过去完成式 和将来完成式。表示行为或状态到现 在、过去或将来的某一时刻已经完成， 且结果或影响保持到该时刻。 常和 yet, just, before, once, already, for, since, ever, never, many times, so far, recently, lately, up to now, today, this month 等连用。 eg: I have already cleaned the room. He has studied English for two years. He told me he had been ill since yesterday.
Grammar eg: He will have finished the work by Friday. They will have left for Paris when we get back. 4. 现在完成进行时：是完成式和进行式 的结合。表示行为或状态到现在已经 开始且仍在进行。 eg: I have been waiting for an hour, but he has not come yet. 5. 过去将来时：表示从过去某一时刻看 将要发生的动作或状态。 eg: I asked him if he would come.