2Is Honor Worth Dying for? This would have been an easy question for a medieval knight to answer. Knights were sworn to follow a code of behavior known as chivalry. The code required knights to defend their church, their king, and their country courageously. Today, however many people have doubts about whether an abstract concept such as honor is worth dying for.
3Knight’s Code of Chivalry A knight was expected to have not only the strength and skills to face combat in the violent Middle Ages but was also expected to temper this aggressive side of a knight with a chivalrous side to his nature.
4The Knights Code of Chivalry and the vows of Knighthood To fear God and maintain His ChurchTo serve the lord in valor and faithTo protect the weak and defenselessTo give aid to widows and orphansTo refrain from the unjustified giving of offenceTo live by honor and for gloryTo despise pecuniary rewardTo fight for the welfare of all
5To obey those placed in authority To guard the honor of fellow knightsTo shun unfairness, meanness and deceitTo keep faithAt all times to speak the truthTo persevere to the end in any enterprise begunTo respect the honor of womenNever to refuse a challenge from an equalNever to turn the back upon a foe
6FidelityLoyalty, devotion, faithfulnessHonor, truth
7Medieval RomanceA medieval romance can be a dramatic verse or a prose narrative. It typically includes the following elements:Larger-than-life charactersAn adventurous hero who faces a severe challengeIdealized love involving a noble ladyExotic settingsSupernatural elementsHidden or mistaken identity
8CharactersArthur : The legendary king of Britain, at whose court the story begins. Husband of Guinevere and uncle of Gawain, he presides over the famed Knights of the Round Table at Camelot.His wife Guinevere--own issues with “fidelity.”
9Morgan Le Faye: Arthur’s half sister who is jealous of Arthur’s inheritance (Camelot from his father Uther Pendragon)She hopes to embarrass the knights.
10Bertilak: manor lord of Hautdesert, where Gawain spends time playing the hunting game during the Christmas seasonLady Bertilak, the temptress; her desire is to seduce Gawain so that Arthur’s knights will be embarrassed.
11The Green Knight:a green man who comes to Arthur’s court in “friendship” he seeks someone in Arthur’s court who can play the “beheading game”
12Symbolism Symbolism: Green In English folklore and literature, Green has traditionally been used to symbolize nature and its embodied attributes, namely those of fertility and rebirth.
14Plot A:The Beheading game The Green Knight arrives in Camelot, challenges Arthur to a game of exchanging a “Blow for a Blow”Arthur accepts, but Gawain steps in to defend King ArthurFollowing the event, Gawain has one year and a day to go to receive his beheading!
15Applying the Cycle of the hero Where are we:DepartureThe Call to AdventureRefusal of the Call#Address the refusal of the call in an iNote. .
16The Gawain poet is famous for this device Bob and WheelThe Gawain poet is famous for this deviceThe "bob" is a very short line, sometimes of only two syllables, followed by the "wheel," longer lines with internal rhyme.*Some internal rhyme is lost in translation.Ex. Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
17Strophe"stanza-" signifies regular, recurrent, and typically rhymed sections of poems "strophe-" to signifies irregular, unrhymed subdivisions. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight was written in a series of strophes followed by "bob-and-wheel" stanzas.
18Plot B: The QuestAlmost one year later, Gawain leaves Arthur’s court to find the Green knightIn classic Romance fashion, Gawain is given three chances to deny himself the misery of his quest
19Five points of perfection Gawain’s armorial symbol is the Pentangle symbolizing the requirements of Arthur’s knights-CompassionCourtesyLoving kindnessOpennessIntegrityInside his shield is a painting of the MadonnaSymbols of his outer nature
20Visit to HautdesertGawain searches for a place to celebrate Christmas and discovers a heavenly place called HautdesertHe spends time at Hautdesert with Lord and Lady BercilakEach day as the Lord goes out to hunt, Gawain stays behind and “flirts” with Lady Bercilak.
21There’s all kinds of symbolism with the hunting and the flirting, but it amounts to Gawain falling into the trap that Morgan le Fay set for him.On the Third Day- The Lady gives Gawain a sash, or girdle of green, which she promises will magically prevent his death, remember he’s looking for the jolly green giant, so he thinks this can’t be such a bad idea.
22The evening of the third day Bercilak returns and Gawain obviously refuses to tell about the belt (sash, girdle)The next day, Gawain hopes to go to find the Green Knight so that he can prove himself in the Beheading Game
23Arrival at the Green Chapel Found in a pitSeems to be overgrown…an underground church of evila thing of the DevilGawain hears the sharpening of an AXE!The Green Knight appears and praises Gawain!
25The Beheading GameIt is one year and one day after the Green Knight’s head was stricken offThe first blow causes Gawain to flinch in fear-Gawain argues that his head will not grow back!The second blow stops short – Green Knight admires that Gawain did not flinch this time!
26The Beheading GameThe third blow just slices Gawain’s neck, not injuring the man-The Green Knight says it is for taking the green sash!He knows of the seduction with his wife…the kisses Gawain took from Lady Bercilak
27The Green Knight is a shape shifter- he was created by Morgan le Faye to ridicule Arthur!
28Get your Interactive Reader Workbooks and turn to page 54 Get your Interactive Reader Workbooks and turn to page 54. We will read the story of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Which character do you think is the most honorable?Make sure you can answer why when we finish!
29Can you identify some examples of the elements of Medieval Romance found in “Sir Gawain and the Green Knight?”Larger than life characters:Hero who faces a severe challengeIdealized love involving a noble ladyExotic settingSupernatural elementsHidden or mistaken Identity