Presentation on theme: " Feudalism: system of land ownership Noblemen swear allegiance to king in exchange for land Chivalry: code of conduct developed by nobles Knights."— Presentation transcript:
Feudalism: system of land ownership Noblemen swear allegiance to king in exchange for land Chivalry: code of conduct developed by nobles Knights are to be brave warriors and virtuous Christians Chivalry emphasizes honor and loyalty
Ideals of chivalry gave rise to legends such as King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table Legend of Arthur based on the life of a Celtic warrior who fought Anglo-Saxons in the 6 th century He was known as the defender of England and set the ideal for knights By the 11 th century the legend of King Arthur was widely known
British romances derived from Breton lays Lay: a short narrative or lyric poem intended to be sung Stories of romance believed to have been based on Celtic legends Sir Launfal Medieval Romance is an adventure story that features kings, knights, and damsels in distress Tells of quests, battles, and doomed love Many medieval romances concern King Arthur and his knights
Heroic figures and memorable deeds Quests, contests, and tests Patterned events Embellishment of legends Detailed character descriptions Plot twists Connections to Beowulf and Anglo-Saxon times…?
Author unknown Based on dialect of poem, though, from rural England Almost an exact contemporary of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales Tells the story of Sir Gawain, King Arthur’s nephew Combines two plots common to folklore and romance: the beheading contest and the attempted seduction of the hero by a lady He is tested by three challenges As a hero he “gains in human credibility what he loses in ideal perfection” (160) Story begins at the New Year’s Eve feast at King Arthur’s Court in Camelot Festivities are interrupted by the arrival of a massive green knight, riding a green horse, and carrying an ax…. Sounds like trouble!