Presentation on theme: "DISASTER MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT Government of Bihar."— Presentation transcript:
DISASTER MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT Government of Bihar
DROUGHT SITUATION IN BIHAR : FEW FACTS Bihar is facing its second successive drought in 2010 Bihar is facing its second successive drought in 2010 Series of natural disasters over the last four years- Series of natural disasters over the last four years- 2007- witnessed severe floods in 22 districts of the State affecting 2.5 crore people; 2007- witnessed severe floods in 22 districts of the State affecting 2.5 crore people; 2008- the breach of the Kosi embankment 2008- the breach of the Kosi embankment 2009- severe drought in 26 districts 2009- severe drought in 26 districts April 2010- Cyclonic storm killing > 100 people and devastation to property. April 2010- Cyclonic storm killing > 100 people and devastation to property. Bihar is flood prone state; so this year’s consecutive widespread drought has magnified the adverse impact Bihar is flood prone state; so this year’s consecutive widespread drought has magnified the adverse impact
Drought situation in Bihar-at a Glance Monsoon delayed by 2 weeks Monsoon delayed by 2 weeks Rainfall deficit in June was 32 % (seedling raising season) Rainfall deficit in June was 32 % (seedling raising season) Actual rainfall from 1 st June to 31st July 392.8 mm against a normal 508.5 mm (deficit in rainfall 23%) Actual rainfall from 1 st June to 31st July 392.8 mm against a normal 508.5 mm (deficit in rainfall 23%) In South of Ganga- in all 17 distts rain fall deficit >20% (whopping deficit in Buxar- 70%) In South of Ganga- in all 17 distts rain fall deficit >20% (whopping deficit in Buxar- 70%) In North Bihar- 11 out of 21 distts rain fall deficit > 20% (Sitamarhi – 60 % deficit) In North Bihar- 11 out of 21 distts rain fall deficit > 20% (Sitamarhi – 60 % deficit) Worst impact on Kharif crops- Paddy & Maize. Deficit: Paddy coverage – 62.33% & Maize coverage-21.88 %. Worst impact on Kharif crops- Paddy & Maize. Deficit: Paddy coverage – 62.33% & Maize coverage-21.88 %. Other impacts- average increase in temperature; Fall in Ground Water table & Surface water reservoirs. Other impacts- average increase in temperature; Fall in Ground Water table & Surface water reservoirs.
RAINFALL SCENARIO: AT A GLANCE (till 31 st july, 2010) Week endingActual (in mm) Normal (in mm) Deficit % 09/063.528.2-88 16/0610.338.6-73 23/0656.443.530 30/0638.857.2-32 07/0737.972.9-48 14/07103.681.827 21/0775.079.0-5 28/0753.071.3-26 Month Actual (in mm) Normal (in mm) Deficit % June114.7169.7-32 July278.9338.9-18 1 st June to 31 st July392.8508.5-23% Weekly Rainfall : Monthly Rainfall : Weekly Rainfall : Monthly Rainfall : (Till 31 st July)
District Wise shortfall of Rainfall and paddy Coverage 31.07.2010 Source :- IMD & Agriculture Department, Govt. of Bihar No.DistrictShortfall of Rainfall up to 31 th July (%) Coverage of Paddy (%) 1Patna-3612.67 2Nalanda-438.34 3Bhojpur-3415.44 4Buxar-7021.47 5Rohtas-4335.00 6Kaimur-5521.31 7Gaya-320.42 8Jehanabad-260.68 9Arwal-624.96 10Nawada-392.02 11Aurangaba d -425.67 12Munger-429.00 13Sekhpura-231.43 14Lakhisarai-392.79 15Jamui-322.39 16Bhagalpur-3510.00 17Banka-426.83 18Saran-2235.23 18Saran-2235.23 19Siwan-3758.43 20Gopalganj-1891.18 21Muzaffarpur-3339.44 22W. Champaran-288.89 23E. Champaran-2487.00 24Sitamarhi-6042.10 25Sheohar-4838.30 26Darbhanga-38.8151.39 27Madhubani-5344.01 28Samastipur-4931.88 29Begusarai-6210.50 30Saharsa1051.39 31Supaul-3750.00 32Madhepura-4348.09 33Purnea7659.99 34Kishanganj4475.71 35Araria1379.15 36Katihar-4553.75 37Khagaria-5162.96 38Vaishali-5630.82
Coverage of Paddy & Maize (in hectares) (Till 31 st July, 2010) Sl. No. PaddyMaize Name of DistrictsTarget Coverag e Cover age %Target Cover age Cover age % 1 Saran 880003100135.23300002820094.00 2 Siwan 1000005843258.43160001598799.92 3 Gopalganj 900008205991.18120001119793.31 4 Muzaffarpur 1530006033839.4412500351328.10 5 E. Champaran 20000017400087.008500817596.18 6 W. Champaran 18000016000088.894500300066.67 7 Sitamarhi 1020004294242.10150037725.13 8 Sheohar 25000957538.301000626.2 9 Vaishali 600001849130.82200001205760.29 10 Darbhanga 950004881751.392000145572.75 11 Madhubani 1650007260944.01200071935.95 12 Samastipur 840002678031.88250002262690.50 13 Begusarai 25000262510.50600005501591.69 14 Saharsha 650003340151.396500150723.18 15 Supaul 900004500050.00100000.0 16 Madhepura 670003221948.096500215633.17 17 Purnea 10100060.58459.98150001275085.00
COVERAGE OF PADDY & MAIZE AGAINST TARGET ( till 31 st July, 2010) Paddy: Target - 3550000, Coverage – 1337369 Coverage (%) 37.67 Maize: Target - 375000, Coverage – 293337 Coverage (%) 78.227
Rainfall & Crop Coverage till 10.08.10 Rainfall: Normal 603.3 Actual 416.8 Dep.(%) -31% Pady: Target 3550000 Coverage: 1564721 Coverage(%) 44.08 Maize: Target 375000 Coverage 299184 Coverage(%) 79.76
Source :- CMP, Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India WARNING INDICATORSSITUATION IN BIHAR Delay in onset of monsoon. Deficit Rainfall for more than two weeks. Acute water crisis. (May-Mid July) (Rainfall is less than the normal rainfall and below-19% and the deficit continues for more than 3-6 weeks & Soil moisture, GW & SW level is lower than previous normal average) SW Monsoon delayed by two weeks. Till June end the rainfall shortfall 32% July end rainfall 23% shortfall EMERGENCY INDICATORSSITUATION IN BIHAR *Deficit or no rainfall during the sowing period. Mid season withdrawal of monsoon. Dry spell for more than 4 weeks Deficit rainfall in the range of -20% to -40%. Wilting of Crops due to shortage of water and continuing heat wave conditions. (Jul- Sep) (Rainfall is less than the normal rainfall and below -25% and the deficit continue for more than -6 weeks & Soil moisture, GW & SW level is alarmingly low). *The sowing season for Kharif suffered due to deficit rainfall *June end rainfall 32% shortfall) and July end rainfall 23% shortfall *Rain shortfall < 20 % - 6 districts *Deficit rainfall in the range of 20 to 40 % - 15 districts *Rain shortfall 40 % and above- 17 districts. *The shortfall in paddy coverage 62.33% and in Maize coverage 21.78% till end of July *If situation continues the transplanted crops will also wilt The State has entered the emergency phase DROUGHT INDICATORS & SITUATION IN BIHAR
Drought Declared - 28 Districts Based on rainfall deficit & paddy coverage till 31 st July, 2010 Based on rainfall deficit & paddy coverage till 31 st July, 2010 Reports received from respective DMs on prevailing ground realities Reports received from respective DMs on prevailing ground realities Recommendations by Secretaries/ Principal secretaries in charge in certain districts & Divisional Com of Kosi Divn. Based on field visits. Recommendations by Secretaries/ Principal secretaries in charge in certain districts & Divisional Com of Kosi Divn. Based on field visits. Govt on 03.08.2010 declared drought in following 26 districts: Govt on 03.08.2010 declared drought in following 26 districts: Patna, Nalanda, Bhojpur, Buxar, Rohtas, Kaimur, Gaya, Jehanabad, Aurangabad, Arwal, Nawada, Munger, Sheikhpura, Lakhisarai, Jamui, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Banka, Saran, Siwan, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, Vaishali, Sheohar, E. Champaran, Madhubani, Samastipur, Darbhanga. Patna, Nalanda, Bhojpur, Buxar, Rohtas, Kaimur, Gaya, Jehanabad, Aurangabad, Arwal, Nawada, Munger, Sheikhpura, Lakhisarai, Jamui, Begusarai, Bhagalpur, Banka, Saran, Siwan, Muzaffarpur, Sitamarhi, Vaishali, Sheohar, E. Champaran, Madhubani, Samastipur, Darbhanga. In case the situation in remaining 10 districts worsens they may also be declared drought hit. In case the situation in remaining 10 districts worsens they may also be declared drought hit.
No.DistrictShortfall of Rainfall up to 31 th July (%) Coverag e of Paddy (%) 1Patna-3612.67 2Nalanda-438.34 3Bhojpur-3415.44 4Buxar-7021.47 5Rohtas-4335.00 6Kaimur-5521.31 7Gaya-320.42 8Jehanabad-260.68 9Arwal-624.96 10Nawada-392.02 11Aurangabad-425.67 12Munger-429.00 13Sekhpura-231.43 14Lakhisarai-392.79 15Jamui-322.39 16Bhagalpur-3510.00 17Banka-426.83 18Saran-2235.23 19Siwan-3758.43 20Muzaffarpur-3339.44 21E. Champaran-2487.00 22Sitamarhi-6042.10 23Sheohar-4838.30 24Darbhanga-38.8151.39 25Madhubani-5344.01 26Samastipur-4931.88 27Begusarai-6210.50 28Vaishali-5630.82 Shortage of rainfall and paddy coverage in 28 drought hit districts Source- Deptt of Agriculture, Govt of Bihar and IMD
Shortage of rainfall and paddy coverage in 28 drought hit districts up to 31 st July, 2010.
SECTORS AFFECTED Agriculture Drinking water Health Livestock Employment
State Agriculture Profile Total Geographical Area- 2,31,18,133 Acre. Net Sown Area- 1,39,92,851 Acre. Gross Cropped Area- 1,90,65,802 Acre. Net Irrigated Area- 85,51,140 Acre. Gross Irrigated Area- 1,14,75,620 Acre. Total Kharif Area - 1,00,52,900 Acre. Source :- Agriculture Department, Govt. of Bihar AGRICULTURE SECTOR
Impact on Agriculture (Kharif 2010) Source :- Agriculture Department, Govt. of Bihar Nursery raising was delayed. Transplanting delayed. Over aged seedlings were transplanted. Deficient rainfall did not favour healthy growth of seedling. Insufficient rainfall followed by intermittent dry spell coupled with high temperature restricted proper growth of paddy crops & other standing crops also withered under moisture stress. Coverage of paddy severely restricted. Paddy transplanted only in 13.38 lakh hec. against the normal area of 35.5 lakh hec.
Estimated crop damage due to less area coverage & unsown land during Kharif 2010 (In 28 districts) CROP DAMAGE AREA DUE TO DEFICIENT RAIN FALL IN 2010 SNCROPS CROP DAMAGE AREA (in ha) 1Paddy a)Seedling226418 a)transplanted723628 2Maize231677 3Pulse30386 4Oilseeds3635 Total area1215474 ESTIMATED CROP PRODUCTION LOSS DUE TO ERRATIC RAINFALL- 2010 CROP TYPERICEMAIZE AREA in hacLoss in MTAREA in hacLoss in MT Normal coverage2377860196004 Coverage this year 723628532301 (@60%)231677207814 Area unsown16542322028088 (@ 100 %)1668924950 TOTAL2560389232764 Source :- Agriculture Department, Govt. of Bihar
IMPACT ON OTHER SECTORS Drinking water- Fall in water table and drying up of surface water resources; need to install new deep hand pumps, repair of the old ones etc. Health- Chances of spread of different diseases. Employment- Migration of labour due to non availability of farming activities Animal and Fish resources- Drinking water and fodder scarcity along with spread of some diseases. Energy sector- need of extra power for irrigation Nutrition problem- specially in children and women Food grain shortage- special need for old, destitute, physically challenged etc.
STEPS TAKEN SO FAR----- Regular review and monitoring by CMG with line deptts at State level Daily monitoring of rainfall and crop coverage etc. Review and monitoring of the situation by Ministers & Departmental Secretaries at department and district level. Weekly review by District Task Force to monitor situation at district level. Loan dues deferment for farmers: Cooperative, RRBs, Commercial Banks Deferment of collection of land revenue & irrigation dues CROP INSURANCE Directive to Commercial & Rural Banks to give maximum coverage Revolving grain storage @ 1 Q each Panchayat
AGRICULTURE SECTOR Diesel subsidy sanctioned - ` 605. 75 crore Seed subsidy @ ` 7/ kg, Hybrid Paddy seed subsidy @ ` 20/kg Weekly advisory to DoA officials in consultation with KVK scientists Contingency crop plan prepared & being publicized Bihar Bhuzal Yozana – being Publisized Steps to energize non functional tube wells ENERGY SECTOR Minimum power supply of 5-6 hours being ensured in the rural areas for irrigation. Control Room made functional at Bihar State Electricity Board Hqrs Burnt/ defective Transformers being replaced on priority basis
HEALTH SECTOR Instructions issued to all districts for addressing health issues in the context of prevailing situation Fully equipped Mobile Medical Units sanctioned for all districts. All necessary drugs available in all health facilities. DRINKING WATER Contingency plan ` 585. 25 crore for maintaining DWS Scheme for Rehabilitation/ Rejuvenation/Special repair of 34591 hand pump amounting ` 53.88675 crore sanctioned For sinking of 27083 sustainable Tubewells with India Mark-III pump scheme worth ` 130.5051 crore sanctioned. Mini piped water supply Scheme worth ` 230.88 crore in small villages with electric pump for installing 1560 sets sanctioned. Mini piped water supply Scheme worth ` 92.9445 crore in remote villages with solar pump for installing 473 sets sanctioned.
LIVESTOCK: Places identified with drinking water facilities for establishment of cattle camps (preferably near State tube-wells). Fodder blocks manufacture started by Bihar State Cooperative Milk Federation (COMFED). Funds made available to all districts to purchase veterinary medicines. Awareness generation material published to save cattle from heat and water scarcity. EMPLOYMENT: Instructions issued to all districts to generate more employment opportunities in rural areas by taking projects related to tree plantation and water conservation. Under MNREGA, works related to water conservation like deepening of ponds, canals, pynes (canals), ahars (check dams); social forestry; micro irrigation works, provision of irrigation facility, drought proofing, etc., taken up;
NOSECTORASSISTANCE In ` CroreOther assistance 1Agriculture : Diesel subsidy, seed subsidy, agriculture input subsidy 1366.94 2Animal Husbandry : Fodder and cattle camps 131.18 3Food Gratuitous Relief (GR) 1150.68 4Kerosene OilAdditional allotment of K-Oil of 45005.1 KL per month 5Supplementary Nutrition: For children below 6 years of age 88.46
6Health4.50 7Employment Generation Allotment over and above NREGS 1903.95 8Drinking Water77.04 9Power105.75Additional power 330 MW 10Minor Irrigation234.25 11Finance Bank Loans Rescheduling of commercial bank loans. Provide consumption loans & agricultural loans at low interest rates TOTAL5062.75
` Total Assistance Sought from Government of India – ` 5062.75 cr.
(`. in Crores) Sl. No. Financial Year Amount Recieved ExpenditureBalance C.R.F Amount N.C.C.F Interest From Investment Grand Total Central Share State ShareTotal 12000-0150.2216.7466.9629.67-96.6332.3064.33 22001-0252.7317.5870.31 - 44.1226.19 32002-0355.3718.4573.82-- 57.7516.07 42003-0458.1419.3877.52-- 40.5536.97 5 2004-0561.0520.3581.40398.92-480.32145.51334.81 Total 277.5192.50370.01428.590.00798.60320.23 478.37 (However, this closing balance amount was made part of state consolidated fund to be used as state resources as per 11th Finance Commission Recommendation.) 62005-06111.6937.23148.92_ 8.05140.87 72006-07114.9238.31153.23- *32.13121.10 8 2007-08118.3139.44157.75-6.26164.01*1246.79-1082.78 9 2008-09121.8640.62162.481000.00-1162.48*976.90185.58 10 2009-10125.5941.86167.45267.48-434.93*264.0118170.9182 11 2010-110.00 - *133.8382-133.8382 Total 592.37197.46789.831267.486.262063.572661.72-598.15 * I ncludes amount debited + alloted to Departments & Districts + dues to be paid to airforce and for food grains distributed during relief operation. CRF STATUS ( Amount received and Expenditure of CRF/ NCCF Amount