3BUBONIC PLAGUE = BLACK DEATH 1300’s – 1/3 of population of Europe diedBegan in Asia by traveling on trade routes through the Muslim world and Europe (fleas on rats)Effects of Plague:Trade declinedPopulation declinedChurch suffered because prayersfailedJews blamed and pushed outOf towns and homes.BUBONIC PLAGUE = BLACK DEATH
6SS-HS Students will explain how humans began to rediscover the ideas of the Classical Age (e.g., humanism, developments in art and architecture, literature, political theories) and to question their place in the universe during the Renaissance and Reformation. DOK 2CORE CONTENT
7I can identify and explain Renaissance advances in architecture and engineering, painting, sculpture, literature, science, and mathematics..I can discuss the factors that made Florence an important cultural center during the Renaissance.I can explain how various advances made during the Renaissance reflect humanist thinking and ideals.I CAN …..
8Renaissance Renaissance is a French word meaning “Rebirth”. The Renaissance was a cultural awakening that began in Italy and spread throughout Western Europe.It lasted from 1350 until 1600.Before the Renaissance, Europe was in the Dark Ages.The Crusades helped bring Europe out of the Dark Ages. – HOW?Renaissance
10Section 2, What Was the Renaissance Section 2, What Was the Renaissance?, in your Student Text provides background information on the causes of the Renaissance.Read the section and then complete Part 1 of the Reading Notes by filling in the cause-and-effect chart in your notebook.Section 2 -
14Part 3Once your teacher projects Visual B, examine the three images and fill in the this chart by doing the following.Decide in which period each artwork was created. Write the period and letter of each work in the correct row.List three or more characteristics from Section 2 that led you to your decision.
23This fishbone diagram is used to show several causes for one effect This fishbone diagram is used to show several causes for one effect. Follow the directions in the last question for each section to complete this diagram about some different events or developments that led to the start of the Renaissance.COMPLETE SECTIONS 3-5
241. In the 13th century, Mongol conquests made it safe to travel along the Silk Road. Marco Polo’s travels sparked a greater interest in the East, and helped encourage the transport of food, art, and luxury goods along the trade route.SECTION 3
252. An increase in trade led to a new, money economy 2. An increase in trade led to a new, money economy. It also helped craftspeople, merchants, and bankers become more important in society. 3. Factor: The Growth of Trade and Commerce Merchants and bankers grew wealthy and could afford to pay for new buildings and art to beautify their cities. Growing trade meant that more classical texts, art, and artifacts were passed along trade routes, sparking interest in classical culture.
263. Factor: The Influence of Italian City-States Their wealth encouraged a growth in art and learning. Rich families supported (called patrons) the creation of art, new buildings, and centers of learning, such as universities and hospitals.
271. Italian city-states were powerful cities in Renaissance Italy that ruled the surrounding towns and countryside. They were independent and were often republics governed by elected councils. Sometimes, in reality, they were ruled by rich merchants, guilds, or powerful families like the Medici
282. Because of their central Mediterranean location, Italian city-states became major centers of trade and business.
29Section 51. Renaissance humanists believed that people could shape their own lives and achieve great things.2. Renaissance humanists studied classical art, architecture, government, history, poetry, and language.
303. The Church taught that laws were made by God and required people to follow its teachings without question. It also emphasized life after death as opposed to life on Earth. Renaissance humanists believed that people should question everything, and tried to balance religious faith with an active interest in human existence.Factor: The Growth of Humanism4. People began to change their ideas about many things, such as government, social class, and religion. They tried to improve upon the art, architecture, and ideas of the classical period, which led to new discoveries, new ways of studying things, and new inventions in many areas of life.
31Reasons for the spread of the Renaissance War – As they traveled to Jerusalem, the crusades exposed Europeans to more advanced civilizations and cultures.Trade – Northern Europe merchants after a while became successful enough to be able to afford education, fine housing, and material goods. They began to travel to Italy.The Invention of the Printing Press – The printing press spread knowledge among the middle class. Gutenburg invented the printing press. Books were produced more quickly and less expensively.Reasons for the spread of the Renaissance
32MOST FAMOUS PATRONFamous banking family in Florence that controlled the city (produced 4 popes)Cosimo –began the political control and wealthiest man in EuropeLorenzo the Magnificant –(grandson) greatest patron of all – Supported da Vinci and Michaelangelo
33RENAISSANCE LITERATURE Writers started writing in their own vernacular (own language) instead of LatinWrote about self expression or indiviuals instead of religionPetrach – father of HumanismItalian poet-RENAISSANCE LITERATURE
34CHRISTIAN HUMANISTSErasmus – wrote The Praise of Folly which poked fun at greedy merchantsThomas More – wrote Utopia -which is an ideal place
35Dante AlighieriItalian poet that wrote Divine Comedy considered the greatest literary work composed in the Italian language and a masterpiece of world literature.Father of Italian Language ,
38Greatest writer in the English language Deep understanding of human beingsRevered the classics – greatest tragedies – Julius CaesarRomeo and Juliet, Hamlet, MacbethAll the world's a stage,and all the men and women merely players:they have their exits and their entrances;and one man in his time plays many partsShakespeare, in love?
39What's in a name? That which we call a rose Good night, good night! Parting is such sweet sorrow, That I shall say good night till it be morrowSomething is rotten in the state of Denmark.O Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo? Deny thy father and refuse thy name; Or if thou wilt not, be but sworn my love And I'll no longer be a CapuletTo be, or not to be, that is the question:I am hurt.A plague a' both your houses! I
40Niccolo Machiavelli 1469-1527 Poet, philosopher, diplomat Wrote The Prince – ruler gains power and keeps it – trick his enemy and his own peopleLooks at imperfect human conduct
43From this arises the question whether it is better to be loved or feared or feared rather than loved. It might perhaps be answered that we should be both: but since loved and fear can hardly exist together if we must choose between them it is far safer to be feared than lovedFeared or loved?
44A prince should make himself feared in a way that if he does not gain love he at any rate avoids hatredBut don’t go overboard
45The ends justify the means Machiavelli says that it is acceptable to be immoral as long as stability and power are maintained. Christian morality should only be followed as long as it is the most prudent way to stay in power, and should be abandoned if it is not.The ends justify the means
46A prince, though he should not be hated, should use deception to rule his people. However, he must appear to be the opposite of devious, to win the goodwill of the people.Goodwill VS Hatred
47Machiavelli suggests that humans are never satisfied with what they have and that they will willingly change their ruler, hoping for a better one. He also says that humans judge by physical appearance and attack one another if they feel hatred or fear of the other person.Human Nature
49(1452 –1519) Born in Vinci & lived in Florence Italy. Considered a Renaissance MAN – artist, Inventor, mathematician, engineer, architect, scientistIn his notebook, he designed:ParachuteFlying machineScuba gearTankTheory of plate tectonicsHuman anatomy(1452 –1519)
50Most Famous Works The Last Supper The painting represents the last mealshared by Jesus with his disciples before his capture and death. It shows specifically the moment when Jesus has said "one of you will betray me"The Mona LisaFamous for her smileHis paintings showed depth, perspective,distance, Nature, lifelike, realistic, dramaticlandscape background MONA LISAPerspectivePlaying Around with Size and DistanceInvestigating Aerial PerspectiveMost Famous Works
63Donatello –1466) Renaissance Italian artist and sculptor from Florence. His "Sculpture of David" was not only the first bronze sculpture, but also the first free-standing, nude statue of the Renaissance. TMNTDONATELLO