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Washington unanimously selected as president by Electoral College, April 30, 1789 John Adams selected as Vice-President.

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Presentation on theme: "Washington unanimously selected as president by Electoral College, April 30, 1789 John Adams selected as Vice-President."— Presentation transcript:

1 Washington unanimously selected as president by Electoral College, April 30, 1789 John Adams selected as Vice-President

2 Use of Mississippi River Protection of peoples rights Government finances (DEBT) World Opinions

3 Organizes a Cabinet 1. Secretary of State – Thomas Jefferson 2. Secretary of Treasury – Alexander Hamilton 3. Secretary of War – Henry Knox 4. Attorney General – Edmund Randolph Judiciary Act of Passed by Congress, establishes Federal Court System 2. Supreme Court, Chief Justice (John Jay), 5 Associate justices District Courts and 3 Circuit Appeals Courts

4 Concession to the Anti-Federalists Steered by James Madison First Ten Amendments to the Constitution added in th and 10 th deal specifically with the powers of the government and the people 9 th - Unenumerated Rights – people have rights that are not listed in the Constitution 10 th - powers not Delegated to the federal Govt. are Reserved for the states

5 Goal – establish a sound financial base for the country, bind the wealthy to the new country How – 1. Pay off all war debts at face value 2. Impose a Protective & Revenue Tariff that will protect and promote American industry 3. Create a National Bank for tax deposits, supplier of sound currency and loans for business interests

6 Supported by Northern Merchants Opposed by Southern Anti-Federalists led by Thomas Jefferson Compromise – Debts will be paid off, the capital will be built along the Potomac River (Assumption Bill) on land donated by Virginia & Maryland Tariffs are lower than Hamilton wished, in place Congress will place an Excise Tax on Whiskey (Rebellion)

7 Jefferson – bank was not Constitutional, based on a word for word view of the Constitution or literal / strict construction, Amendment X, would favor the rich and wealthy interests Hamilton – bank is necessary and proper, read between the lines or a loose/ broad construction view of the Constitution, Article I, Section VIII paragraph 18, bank will be depository of government funds, promote business through stable currency and loans, Bank is chartered in 1791 for 20 years

8 Cabinet infighting between Jefferson & Hamilton leads to countries first political parties Belief that Hamiltons plans are hurting states rights Jefferson supporters are known as Democratic- Republicans, todays Democrats Hamilton supporters are known as Federalists, todays Republicans

9 Read pages 192 to 198 stop at The Impact of the French Revolution…


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