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Bio 445 Toxins Presentation Name 1 Name 2 Name 3 Name 4.

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Presentation on theme: "Bio 445 Toxins Presentation Name 1 Name 2 Name 3 Name 4."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bio 445 Toxins Presentation Name 1 Name 2 Name 3 Name 4

2 Everyday Uses for Toxic Substances There are many products that we use everyday that contain substances that are toxic. In excess, these substances can cause severe damage to the human body, but they are still widely marketed. Toxins can be found in cleaning supplies, hygiene and cosmetic products and also in foods. This presentation will explore and expose the products that contain toxins and their uses.

3 Toxins in Household Cleaning Products:

4 Silica: Naturally occurring product that is made of finely ground quartz Toxic Properties: Carcinogen when inspired Commercial Products: Abrasive cleaners such as toothpastes, bathroom cleaners and kitchen products. Ajax, All Laundry soap, Comet Powder and Twinkle Copper and Brass Polish

5 Toluene: Derived from the tropical Colombian tree Myroxylon balsamum. Toxic Properties: Causes harm to developing fetuses and used as an inhalant drug Commercial Products: Solvents like paint thinners, paint, floor and furniture polish and nail enamels Behr the Stripper, Nail Enamel

6 Hydrochloric acid: Produced in the human body in the gastrointestinal tract Toxic Properties: Corrosive to the eyes and skin (irritant) Commercial Products: Cleaning product (in the UK) and used to produce other household products like PVC plastic and leather processing Spirits of Salt, leather and PVC plastic pipe

7 Lye: Derived from the ashes of hard woods Toxic Properties: Severely damages the stomach and esophagus if ingested Commercial Products: Soaps, to cure foods such as green olives, pretzels, hominy, and drain and oven cleaners

8 Toxins in Hygiene and Cosmetic Products:

9 Parabens: A group of chemicals used primarily for their bacteriocidal and fungicidal properties Toxic properties: evidence of the endocrine, reproductive and developmental system effects, increased risk of breast cancer Commercial products: Food (as a preservative up to 1%), cosmetics such as shampoos, moisturizers, shaving gels, cleansing gels, personal lubricants, topical/ parenteral pharmaceuticals, spray tanning solutions and toothpaste

10 Formaldehyde: An organic chemical compound; industrially produced by the catalytic oxidation of methanol Toxic properties: carcinogen, harmful if inhaled or absorbed through skin, causes irritation to skin, eyes and respiratory tract, may be fatal or cause blindness if swallowed Commercial products: perfumes, colognes and disinfectants

11 Flouride: The reduced form of flourine ; both organic and inorganic compounds containing the element flourine are considered flourides Toxic properties : sarin is the most toxic form of flouride- used as a weapon of mass destruction ; flouride poisoning is lethal in low doses (sodium flouride) Commercial products : binary chemical weapons, Teflon (non-stick coating), topical flouride therapy, city water (sodium flouride originally used to flouridate water)

12 Hydrogen Peroxide: Naturally produced as a byproduct of oxygen metabolism A weak acid ; used as a bleaching agent, a disinfectant, an oxidizer and as an anitseptic Toxic properties : Domestic strength-causes irritation to eyes, mucous membranes and skin, Concentrated hydrogen peroxide (50% or more)-if ingested can cause internal bleeding, if inhaled can cause severe pulmonary irritation Commercial products : Diluted hydrogen peroxide (used to bleach hair, used medically to clean wounds, used as an oral debriding agent), used by the FDA to control fungus on fish and fish eggs, when mixed properly can be used as a toothpaste and an acne treatment

13 Toxins in Food Products:

14 Aspartame: Chemical created for sweetening foods Toxic properties: Causes impaired vision, seizures, migraines and rapid heart beat; may be linked to cancer Commercial products: Diet sodas, artificial sweeteners and drink mixes Diet Coke, NutraSweet and Crystal Light

15 Olestra: Fat substitute created to appeal to customers because it contributes no fat, calories or cholesterol to food products Toxic properties: Causes bloody stools, diarrhea, gas, bloating and severe cramps Commercial products: Potato chips, corn chips and fried snacks WOW Frito-Lay chips, Fat-Free Pringles and Frito- Lay Light Products

16 Monosodium glutamate or MSG: Produced by fermentation of starch, sugar beets, sugar cane, or molasses A sodium salt of glutamate; a food additive marketed as a flavor enhancer Toxic properties: Causes brain lesions and endocrine disorders Commercial products: Canned soups, stock cubes, condiments (barbecue sauce, soy sauce, steak sauce), frozen dinners, frozen seafood, flavored tortilla and potato chips, and most fast food.

17 Lactose: A disaccharide; commonly referred to as milk sugar Toxic properties: lactose intolerance (inability to digest lactose caused by a shortage of the enzyme lactase)-doesn’t allow the digestive system to break down lactose which can cause nausea, cramps, bloating, gas, and diarrhea Commercial products: Milk, ice cream, yogurt, cheese

18 References:


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