What is poetry? Where have you seen it before? Terminology of poetry Poetical devices
Poetry is the author’s thoughts transformed into words in any manner in which he chooses to arrange them. Poetry is a type of writing used to provoke perception from the reader. The reader will withdraw an original meaning from the piece that is read.
«Anything said in such a way, or put on the page in such a way, as to invite from the hearer or the reader a certain kind of attention.» (William Stafford) «Things that are true expressed in words that are beautiful.» (Dante)
Lewis Carroll - Jabberwocky Lewis Carroll - Jabberwocky Edgar Allan Poe – The Raven Edgar Allan Poe – The Raven Marshall Davis Jones - "Touchscreen“ (Slam Poetry) Marshall Davis Jones - "Touchscreen“ (Slam Poetry) William Carlos Williams - This Is Just To Say William Carlos Williams - This Is Just To Say
1.Rhyme …is the way the sounds are repeated at the end of the lines. There are three important end rhyme patterns : a)Paired rhymeb) Alternate rhyme c) “Enclosed” rhyme …wrist (a)…wrist (a) …wrist (a) …mist (a)…knuckle (b) …knuckle (b) …knuckle (b)…mist (a) …buckle (b) …buckle (b)…buckle (b) …mist (a)
Assonance: the effect created when words with the same vowel sound are used in close proximity. Ex: To Autumn by John Keats « Or sinking as the light wind lives or dies »
Alliteration: the effect created when words with the same initial letter (usually consonants) are used in close proximity. Ex: Ariel’s Songs from the Tempest « Full fathom five thy father lies »
Free verse: a poem without either a rhyme or a rhythm scheme, although rhyme may be used, just without a pattern Ex: Allen Ginsberg’s “A Supermarket in California”Allen Ginsberg’s “A Supermarket in California” Blank verse: un-rhymed lines of iambic pentameter Ex: William Wordsworth’s “Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey”William Wordsworth’s “Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey”
Enjambement: the continuation of thought from one line of poetry to the next without punctuation needed at the end of the previous line. Ex: Looking through the eyes Of Wonder, of delight
Caesura: the pausing or stopping within a line of poetry caused by needed punctuation. Ex: Living, breathing apathy Saps energy, will, interest,
2. Rhythm … is a beat within the lines, giving it a pleasing musical effect. The most popular are the iambic meter and the pentameter.
Iamb: An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. Ex: When I do count the clock that tells the time (Shakespeare’s “Sonnet 12”)
Trochee: A stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable. Ex: Tyger! Tyger! burning bright In the forests of the night, (William Blake’s “The Tyger”)
Dactyl: A stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables. Ex: This is the / forest prim- / eval. The / murmuring / pines and the / hem locks (Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s “Evangeline”)
Anapest: Two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable. Ex: And I would that my tongue could utter The thoughts that arise in me (Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s “Break, Break, Break”)
Number of feet (association of stressed- unstressed syllables) One: Meter Two: Dimeter Three: Trimeter Four: Tetrameter Five:Pentameter Six: Hexameter
Combination of foot name + length Ex: Iambic pentameter
ACROSTIC POEM: A poem in which the first letters of each line form a word or message relating to the subject. Ex: W hen morning comes I cicles on trees N o food T hey travel E xcited to find the sea R acing along the beach with full tummies!
BALLAD: A narrative poem which is, or originally was, meant to be sung. http://www.poemsnpoetry.com/free-poem- special/ballad-poems/The Secret Letter.html http://www.poemsnpoetry.com/free-poem- special/ballad-poems/The Secret Letter.html
HAIKU: A Japanese form of poetry, which gives a brief description of nature. Haiku consists of three unrhymed lines of five, seven and five syllables. Anger is like a Bear without any honey-- No sweets, no sugar. So glad as a bird, I sing and chirp in good mood... If I just had wings.
LIMERICK: A light or humorous verse form of five lines in which lines one, two and five are of three feet and lines three and four are of two feet, with a rhyme scheme of aabba. http://www.poeticlimericks.com/#Sample http://www.poeticlimericks.com/#Sample 1 foot = 1 stressed or unstressed syllable
Sonnet: a fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter (in lines of ten syllables with a stress on every other syllable). http://www.sonnets.org/shakespeare.htm#0 12 http://www.sonnets.org/shakespeare.htm#0 12 Shakespearean (3 quatrains + couplet) vs. Petrarchan (0ctave + sestet)
Elegy: A poem of lament or sorrow usually caused by the grief following a death. http://www.poeticterminology.net/elegy- written-in-a-country-churchyard.htm http://www.poeticterminology.net/elegy- written-in-a-country-churchyard.htm
1. Read the poem, define terms (denotation, connotation) 2. Paraphrase the work 3. Identify the number of verses, stanzas 4. Establish the rhyme pattern 5. Establish assonance\alliteration 6. Identify literary elements and figures of speech
Revisit the song you chose for your symbolism project Find as many poetical devices as possible (including alliteration, assonance, etc.) Switch copies with a partner and correct/double-check their copy Present your work to the class (on the board)
Tom Wayman – Did I Miss Anything? Tom Wayman – Did I Miss Anything? Langston Hughes - Homecoming Langston Hughes - Homecoming Duncan Campbell Scott – The Onondaga Madonna Duncan Campbell Scott – The Onondaga Madonna Michael Ondaatje -The Cinnamon Peeler’s Wife Michael Ondaatje -The Cinnamon Peeler’s Wife William Blake - The Tyger + The LambWilliam Blake - The Tyger + The Lamb Robert Frost – The Road not Taken Robert Frost – The Road not Taken
P.K. Page – The Landlady P.K. Page – The Landlady Alden Nowlan – Warren Pryor Alden Nowlan – Warren Pryor William Shakespeare – Sonnet 18 William Shakespeare – Sonnet 18