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2 Source: large/inspired-to-interpret-fania-simon.jpg

3  What is poetry?  Where have you seen it before?  Terminology of poetry  Poetical devices

4  Poetry is the author’s thoughts transformed into words in any manner in which he chooses to arrange them.  Poetry is a type of writing used to provoke perception from the reader. The reader will withdraw an original meaning from the piece that is read.

5  «Anything said in such a way, or put on the page in such a way, as to invite from the hearer or the reader a certain kind of attention.» (William Stafford)  «Things that are true expressed in words that are beautiful.» (Dante)

6  Lewis Carroll - Jabberwocky Lewis Carroll - Jabberwocky  Edgar Allan Poe – The Raven Edgar Allan Poe – The Raven  Marshall Davis Jones - "Touchscreen“ (Slam Poetry) Marshall Davis Jones - "Touchscreen“ (Slam Poetry)  William Carlos Williams - This Is Just To Say William Carlos Williams - This Is Just To Say

7 PoetryProse Verse (line)Sentence StanzaParagraph

8 1.Rhyme …is the way the sounds are repeated at the end of the lines. There are three important end rhyme patterns : a)Paired rhymeb) Alternate rhyme c) “Enclosed” rhyme …wrist (a)…wrist (a) …wrist (a) …mist (a)…knuckle (b) …knuckle (b) …knuckle (b)…mist (a) …buckle (b) …buckle (b)…buckle (b) …mist (a)

9  Assonance: the effect created when words with the same vowel sound are used in close proximity. Ex: To Autumn by John Keats « Or sinking as the light wind lives or dies »

10  Alliteration: the effect created when words with the same initial letter (usually consonants) are used in close proximity. Ex: Ariel’s Songs from the Tempest « Full fathom five thy father lies »

11  Free verse: a poem without either a rhyme or a rhythm scheme, although rhyme may be used, just without a pattern Ex: Allen Ginsberg’s “A Supermarket in California”Allen Ginsberg’s “A Supermarket in California”  Blank verse: un-rhymed lines of iambic pentameter Ex: William Wordsworth’s “Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey”William Wordsworth’s “Lines written a few miles above Tintern Abbey”

12  Enjambement: the continuation of thought from one line of poetry to the next without punctuation needed at the end of the previous line. Ex: Looking through the eyes Of Wonder, of delight

13  Caesura: the pausing or stopping within a line of poetry caused by needed punctuation. Ex: Living, breathing apathy Saps energy, will, interest,

14 2. Rhythm … is a beat within the lines, giving it a pleasing musical effect. The most popular are the iambic meter and the pentameter.

15  Iamb: An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.  Ex: When I do count the clock that tells the time (Shakespeare’s “Sonnet 12”)

16  Trochee: A stressed syllable followed by an unstressed syllable.  Ex: Tyger! Tyger! burning bright In the forests of the night, (William Blake’s “The Tyger”)

17  Dactyl: A stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables.  Ex: This is the / forest prim- / eval. The / murmuring / pines and the / hem locks (Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s “Evangeline”)

18  Anapest: Two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed syllable.  Ex: And I would that my tongue could utter The thoughts that arise in me (Alfred, Lord Tennyson’s “Break, Break, Break”)

19  Number of feet (association of stressed- unstressed syllables)  One: Meter  Two: Dimeter  Three: Trimeter  Four: Tetrameter  Five:Pentameter  Six: Hexameter

20  Combination of foot name + length  Ex: Iambic pentameter

21  2 lines: Couplet  4 lines: Quatrain  6 lines: Sestet  8 lines: Octave

22  ACROSTIC POEM: A poem in which the first letters of each line form a word or message relating to the subject.  Ex: W hen morning comes I cicles on trees N o food T hey travel E xcited to find the sea R acing along the beach with full tummies!

23  BALLAD: A narrative poem which is, or originally was, meant to be sung. special/ballad-poems/The Secret Letter.html special/ballad-poems/The Secret Letter.html

24  HAIKU: A Japanese form of poetry, which gives a brief description of nature. Haiku consists of three unrhymed lines of five, seven and five syllables. Anger is like a Bear without any honey-- No sweets, no sugar. So glad as a bird, I sing and chirp in good mood... If I just had wings.

25  LIMERICK: A light or humorous verse form of five lines in which lines one, two and five are of three feet and lines three and four are of two feet, with a rhyme scheme of aabba.   1 foot = 1 stressed or unstressed syllable

26  Sonnet: a fourteen-line lyric poem, usually written in rhymed iambic pentameter (in lines of ten syllables with a stress on every other syllable).   Shakespearean (3 quatrains + couplet) vs. Petrarchan (0ctave + sestet)

27  Elegy: A poem of lament or sorrow usually caused by the grief following a death.  written-in-a-country-churchyard.htm written-in-a-country-churchyard.htm

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29  1. Read the poem, define terms (denotation, connotation)  2. Paraphrase the work  3. Identify the number of verses, stanzas  4. Establish the rhyme pattern  5. Establish assonance\alliteration  6. Identify literary elements and figures of speech

30  Revisit the song you chose for your symbolism project  Find as many poetical devices as possible (including alliteration, assonance, etc.)  Switch copies with a partner and correct/double-check their copy  Present your work to the class (on the board)

31  Tom Wayman – Did I Miss Anything? Tom Wayman – Did I Miss Anything?  Langston Hughes - Homecoming Langston Hughes - Homecoming  Duncan Campbell Scott – The Onondaga Madonna Duncan Campbell Scott – The Onondaga Madonna  Michael Ondaatje -The Cinnamon Peeler’s Wife Michael Ondaatje -The Cinnamon Peeler’s Wife  William Blake - The Tyger + The LambWilliam Blake - The Tyger + The Lamb  Robert Frost – The Road not Taken Robert Frost – The Road not Taken

32  P.K. Page – The Landlady P.K. Page – The Landlady  Alden Nowlan – Warren Pryor Alden Nowlan – Warren Pryor  William Shakespeare – Sonnet 18 William Shakespeare – Sonnet 18


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