1.a boat that moves by the power of a steam engine 2.a person who comes to a country from another country 3.a route across land 4.the physical characteristics of an area of land 5.a human-made waterway 6.a boat with a flat bottom for transporting heavy loads on canals 7.plant life A.immigrant B.terrain C.overland D.steamboat E.canal F.flatboat G.vegetation Vocabulary
8.having the same conditions and opportunities as everyone else 9.good at finding solutions to problems 10.the surface of a place or region 11.to add or attach A.topography B.resourceful C.equality D.annex
15.Frontiersman who led the early westward movement and helped build the Wilderness Road 16.Shoshone woman who helped Lewis and Clark on their expedition 17.Explorer of the American West who helped lead an expedition to the Pacific Ocean and back 18.Explorer of the American West who was chosen by Thomas Jefferson to lead an expedition to explore new lands gained in the Louisiana Purchase. 19.An African American member of the Lewis and Clark expedition 20.An army officer who explored the American West, especially present-day Colorado and New Mexico 21.Found South Pass, which helped settlers cross the Rocky Mountains A.Sacagawea B.Daniel Boone C.Meriwether Lewis D.William Clark E.York F.Zebulon Pike G.Robert Stuart
All of these are reasons many Americans moved west in the 1800’s except for… A. poverty and disease B. news spread about the incredible taste of In-N-Out Burger C. crowded cities in the East pushed people to leave their homes D. cheap land that was good for farming pulled settlers West
Many European immigrants began arriving in the United States. Where did they come from and why? IRELAND GERMANY Escape political problems BRITAIN Jobs and religious freedom Escape the famine
People transported heavy goods on canals by A. Aquaman B. canoes C. flatboats D. trains
Which of these became a state in 1850? (You better not get this one wrong!!!) A. Oregon B. Washington C. Texas D. California
Which of the following reasons made it difficult to travel over western terrain? A. crossing rivers and mountains B. calm weather C. getting permission to travel D. crossing the candy cane forest
What did Lewis and Clark write about? governing this new territory plans for obtaining more land animals they saw and plants the American Indians used the beauty of this land in poetry
One of Lewis and Clark’s goals was A. t o find the source of the Mississippi River B. t o find a water route to the Pacific Ocean C. t o attack American Indians D. t o eliminate French Settlements
Settlers Moving West Would someone please remind me again why we are moving west? Yes, dear. The economic opportunities and harbors for shipping. I’m going to find mineral wealth Religious Freedom! Bazooka, zooka, bubblegum… Instead I bought some bubble gum!
Most deaths among pioneers along the Oregon Trail were caused by ________. illness
Most people on the overland trails reached California and Oregon by A. A. B. B. C. C. D. D.
Many Mexicans who were living on U.S. land that had belonged to Mexico A. went to the Oregon Territory B. stayed and fought C. returned to Mexico D. stayed and worked
What states made up the Mexican territories in the West and Southwest? California Nevada Utah Colorado Arizona New Mexico
In 1821, present-day Texas was part of ___________.
After the Texas Revolution, Texas… A. became part of New Spain B. became an independent republic C. remained part of Mexico D. lost the Alamo
The result of the Mexican- American War was that Mexico _____ its land in the present-day _______________. lost United States
What transportation was available to pioneers going west? How does it compare to what you and your family use? Pioneers __________, rode _________, used _________, and sometimes ____________. We walk, drive cars, fly in airplanes for ____________. wagons walked horses steamboats transportation
What importance did rivers have for the pioneers? drinking traveling cooking washing
How did the size of the United States change after the Louisiana Purchase? It DOUBLED!
Why did President Jefferson send Lewis and Clark on an expedition through the Louisiana Territory? Jefferson wanted Lewis and Clark to: search for a water route to the Pacific Ocean search for a water route to the Pacific Ocean study the areas resources study the areas resources meet with the American Indians meet with the American Indians
What did Zebulon Pike and John Freemont do to help westward expansion? explored present-day Colorado and New Mexico mapped areas of Great Basin and Pacific Coast Zebulon Pike John Freemont
What impact did the geography and climate of the West have on the routes and schedules of the pioneers? Pioneers looked for ________ without many rivers or ____________. They left in the _________ to have good weather and _______. routes Spring mountains grass
Explain the Mexican land grant system. After gaining _____________, many Mexican settlers made their way north to search for new ____________. However, the Mexican ___________ wanted to send even more people north. To do this they gave some people large areas of _____. Under this system, land owners were given special _______. Many of these owners used their land grants as ________ _________. cattle ranches independence opportunities government land rights
What was the result of the Mexican- American War, and why was this so important to the United States? The result was that Mexico lost its _____ in present-day United States. This was important because in the 1840’s, many Americans believed that the United States should ______ land from the _________ _________ to the Pacific Ocean. This was called “_________ ________.” land Destiny control Atlantic Ocean Manifest