2The West“The West” was anywhere between the Mississippi River and the Pacific Ocean-That was the Western FrontierBecause it was hard to farm in the Great Plains, the land was used for TransportationThe Northwest had fertile lands
3The WestThe Southwest was owned by Mexico, and was part of the Spanish Borderlands.People in these areas were only allowed to trade with SpainThis area has a distinct culture
4The WestSpanish missionaries like Junipero Serro tried to turn Native Americans into CatholicsNatives were forced to live and work at missions, may died from overwork or diseaseBuildings were and are still made with a similar look
5The West In 1821, Mexico won their independence from Spain Mexico made land grants to rancheros and removed missionariesBecause the land given often belonged to the Natives, the Indians raided ranches
6The West America had been interested in Westward Expansion They began to believe in Manifest Destiny, which was the idea that the country should go from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
7Manifest Destiny cont….. Definition:the belief that the United States was destined to stretch across the continent from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
8Why move????Push Factors:A force which acts to drive (push) people away from a place.*Pull Factors:Draws (pulls) a person to a new location.
9Push/Pull FactorsWith someone sitting close to you, make a T-Chart and categorize the events into push factors and pull factors.Shortage of JobsBetter LivingShortage of farm landOver CrowdingOpportunity to buy cheap landGold RushPush FactorsPull Factors1.Shortage of jobs2. Shortage of farmland3.OvercrowdingBetter LivingCheap LandGold Rush
10Trails to the West There were many trails to the west. Santa Fe Trail: From St. Louis to Santa Fe, New Mexico.Oregon Trail: From St. Louis to Portland, Oregon
12Trails to the WestJohn Jacob Astor established the American Fur Company in 1808 in Oregon after he traveled thereHe used information the Lewis and Clark created
13Trails to the WestThe first people to build permanent homes in Oregon were missionariesMarcus and Narcissa Whitman tried to help the natives, but in reality land was simply stolen from the natives.When people heard there was good land, more settlers cameThis started “Oregon Fever”
14Trails to the West Mountain men became famous. They led isolated lives in the bitter cold, intense heat animal attacksTrappers would bring their furs to a rendezvous where the mountain men would come together and bargain for the prices of furs
15Trails to the WestWorking with only hand tools, people had to clear land, plant crops and build sheltersDiseases, accidents and natural disasters were common.Some settlers even gave up and returned east
16Trails to the WestWomen worked with men to make their family farms successfulWomen also fought for the right to voteIn 1869, the Wyoming territory was the first that let women vote
18Trails to the West Natives had an uneasy peace with the whites After gold was discovered in Oregon in 1850, white and Chinese miners came into the areaWar broke out with the Natives
19A Rush to the WestIn 1848, James Marshall found a gold nugget in a ditch in California (Sutter’s Mill)80,000 “forty-niners’ ran to California to search for goldThere was both gold above ground and below ground and it the water
20A Rush to the WestPeople were fighting over water rights because the gold would move with the waterBecause of the people moving west, towns sprang upThere were vigilantes in these townsThe women who went to California mined, ran and worked in boarding houses, hotels, restaurants, laundries and storesThere was gold found in Idaho, Montana, Colorado, Arizona and NevadaAll different types of people went to CaliforniaPeople from Europe, Asia, Australia and South America
21A Rush to the WestMen from China came to America in hopes that they could send home moneyThey faced prejudiceThey could not get jobs in mines, they had to cook or do laundry, work on railroads or farmsThousands of free African Americans moved to CaliforniaThey had their own churches, and news papersThey ran their own businessesBut they did not have equal rightsNatives had their lands stolenNearly 2/3 of the Natives that lived in California died during the Gold rush