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Westward Expansion 1801-1861. Industrial Revolution Steam Power Steam Power Rise in Immigration/Immigrants get more jobs Rise in Immigration/Immigrants.

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Presentation on theme: "Westward Expansion 1801-1861. Industrial Revolution Steam Power Steam Power Rise in Immigration/Immigrants get more jobs Rise in Immigration/Immigrants."— Presentation transcript:

1 Westward Expansion

2 Industrial Revolution Steam Power Steam Power Rise in Immigration/Immigrants get more jobs Rise in Immigration/Immigrants get more jobs Technological Innovations Technological Innovations Economic Growth Economic Growth Inexpensive Goods Inexpensive Goods Flow of imported goods is cut off during War of 1812 Flow of imported goods is cut off during War of 1812

3 Big Ideas… Between 1801 and 1861, exploration was encouraged as America underwent vast territorial expansion and settlement. Between 1801 and 1861, exploration was encouraged as America underwent vast territorial expansion and settlement. territorial expansion territorial expansion Westward migration was influenced by geography and economic opportunity. Westward migration was influenced by geography and economic opportunity. Prior to the Civil War, most industrialization in America was in the North; however, the equipment produced in the North had an impact on the farming society in the South. Prior to the Civil War, most industrialization in America was in the North; however, the equipment produced in the North had an impact on the farming society in the South. The abolitionists worked to end slavery. The abolitionists worked to end slavery. The suffrage movement helped women gain equal rights. The suffrage movement helped women gain equal rights.

4 Post-Revolutionary America

5 The Louisiana Purchase New territories added to the United States after 1801 New territories added to the United States after 1801 Louisiana Purchase Louisiana Purchase Jefferson bought land from France (the Louisiana Purchase), which doubled the size of the United States. Jefferson bought land from France (the Louisiana Purchase), which doubled the size of the United States. In the Lewis and Clark expedition, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean. In the Lewis and Clark expedition, Meriwether Lewis and William Clark explored the Louisiana Purchase from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean.

6 Lousiana Purchase

7 Other Territories Florida Florida –Spain gave Florida to the United States through a treaty. Texas Texas –Texas was added after it became an independent republic. Oregon Oregon –The Oregon Territory was divided by the United States and Great Britain. California California –War with Mexico resulted in California and the southwest territory becoming part of the United States.

8 Florida, Texas, Oregon, California

9 Factors affecting westward expansion Geographic and economic factors that influenced westward movement Geographic and economic factors that influenced westward movement –Population growth in the eastern states –Availability of cheap, fertile land –Economic opportunity, e.g., gold (California Gold Rush), logging, farming, freedom (for runaway slaves) –Cheaper and faster transportation, e.g., rivers and canals (Erie Canal), steamboats –Knowledge of overland trails (Oregon and Santa Fe) –Belief in the right of “Manifest Destiny”— The idea that expansion was for the good of the country and was the right of the country

10 Important Inventions- Making Work Easier! The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney. It increased the production of cotton and thus increased the need for slave labor to cultivate and pick the cotton. The cotton gin was invented by Eli Whitney. It increased the production of cotton and thus increased the need for slave labor to cultivate and pick the cotton.

11 Important Inventions- Making Work Easier! Jo Anderson (a slave) and Cyrus McCormick worked to invent the reaper. The reaper increased the productivity of the American farmer by reducing the amount of labor needed to harvest Jo Anderson (a slave) and Cyrus McCormick worked to invent the reaper. The reaper increased the productivity of the American farmer by reducing the amount of labor needed to harvest

12 Famous Inventions- Making Transportation Faster! The steamboat was improved by Robert Fulton. It eventually provided faster river transportation that connected Southern plantations and farms to Northern industries and Western territories. The steamboat was improved by Robert Fulton. It eventually provided faster river transportation that connected Southern plantations and farms to Northern industries and Western territories. The steam locomotive provided faster land transportation. The steam locomotive provided faster land transportation.

13 Abolitionist Movements –Most abolitionists demanded immediate freeing of the slaves. –Abolitionists believed that slavery was wrong. –Morally wrong –Cruel and inhumane –A violation of the principles of democracy –Abolitionist leaders included both men and women. –Harriet Tubman –William Lloyd Garrison –Frederick Douglass

14 Harriet Tubman Supported the secret route, or Underground Railroad, that helped escaped southern slaves to reach northern free states. Supported the secret route, or Underground Railroad, that helped escaped southern slaves to reach northern free states.

15 Frederick Douglass Former Slave Former Slave Escaped slavery and became an abolitionist. Escaped slavery and became an abolitionist.

16 William Lloyd Garrison Abolitionist leader Abolitionist leader Believed that slavery was immoral and demanded that slaves be immediately freed Believed that slavery was immoral and demanded that slaves be immediately freed

17 Beliefs about civil rights Suffrage movement Suffrage movement –Supporters declared that “All men and women are created equal.” –Supporters believed that women were deprived of basic rights. Denied the right to vote Denied the right to vote Denied educational opportunities, especially higher education Denied educational opportunities, especially higher education Denied equal opportunities in business Denied equal opportunities in business Limited in rights to own property Limited in rights to own property –The movement was led by strong women who began their campaign before the Civil War and continued after the war had ended. Isabel Sojourner Truth Isabel Sojourner Truth Susan B. Anthony Susan B. Anthony Elizabeth Cady Stanton Elizabeth Cady Stanton

18 Isabel Sojourner Truth Suffragist and Abolitionist Suffragist and Abolitionist Was born a slave and worked for equal rights for women as well as for the end of slavery Was born a slave and worked for equal rights for women as well as for the end of slavery

19 Susan B. Anthony Supporter of the suffrage movement Supporter of the suffrage movement Declared that women and men are entitled to the same rights in all areas of life, including the right to vote and own property Declared that women and men are entitled to the same rights in all areas of life, including the right to vote and own property

20 Elizabeth Cady Stanton Leader of the Suffrage Movement Leader of the Suffrage Movement Worked closely with Susan B. Anthony Worked closely with Susan B. Anthony Wrote The Seneca Falls Declaration Wrote The Seneca Falls DeclarationSeneca Falls DeclarationSeneca Falls Declaration

21 Essential Questions What new territories became part of the United States between 1801 and 1861? What new territories became part of the United States between 1801 and 1861? What factors influenced westward migration? What factors influenced westward migration? How did the inventions affect the lives of Americans? How did the inventions affect the lives of Americans? What were the main ideas expressed by the abolitionists? What were the main ideas expressed by the abolitionists? What were the main ideas expressed during the suffrage movement? What were the main ideas expressed during the suffrage movement? Check out the following webquest: Check out the following webquest: –http://www.runet.edu/~sbisset/westward.html


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