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What are landforms? Landforms are the natural shapes or features. There are many different types of landforms found on the earth.

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Presentation on theme: "What are landforms? Landforms are the natural shapes or features. There are many different types of landforms found on the earth."— Presentation transcript:

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3 What are landforms? Landforms are the natural shapes or features. There are many different types of landforms found on the earth.

4 Main Landforms

5 mountain A mountain is a place on Earth’s surface that is much higher than the land around it.

6 mountain range a long chain of mountains; a row of connected mountains

7 hill A hill is land that rises above the land around it. A hill has a rounded top.

8 volcano a cone shaped mountain formed out of rock or ash thrown up from inside the earth, frequently with an opening or depression at the top

9 basin an area of land largely enclosed by higher land.

10 valley A valley is a lowland area between higher lands such as mountains.

11 canyon A canyon is a deep valley with very steep sides.

12 plain A plain is a flat area on Earth’s surface.

13 plateau A plateau is a flat area higher than the land around it.

14 lake A lake is water that is completely surrounded by land.

15 coast A coast is the area where the ocean touches the land.

16 continental shelf plateau of land surface into the ocean but underwater

17 peninsula piece of land that extends into a body of water and is surrounded on three sides by water

18 isthmus narrow strip of land with water on both sides connecting two larger pieces of land

19 strait a narrow waterway connecting two larger bodies of water

20 cliff a high, steep slope of rock or soil

21 delta land built up by deposits of sand and silt at the mouth of some rivers

22 fjord a narrow inlet of the sea between high banks or cliffs created by glaciers

23 cape a curved or hooked piece of land extending into a body of water

24 gulf part of a sea or ocean that reaches into land; usually larger than a bay

25 bay part of a body of salt water that reaches into the land; usually smaller than a gulf

26 island An island is land that is completely surrounded by water.

27 archipelago a group of many islands

28 OTROS TÉRMINOS GEOGRÁFICOS

29 ocean Oceans are the largest bodies of water on earth.

30 sea a large body of water, usually salt water, partly or completely surrounded by land

31 river A river is a long flowing body of water.

32 source the place where a river or stream begins

33 waterfall place where running water makes a sheer drop, usually over a cliff

34 branch a river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream

35 mouth place where a river empties into a larger body of water; the end of a river

36 altitude the height above sea level

37 canal a man-made waterway connecting two bodies of water and is designed to shorten travel time or irrigate

38 one of the six largest bodies of land on earth

39 glacier a large body of slow moving ice which alters the land around it through displacement

40 hemisphere half of the earth usually referred to as eastern or western; northern or southern

41 iceberg a large mass of floating ice that has broken off from a glacier, most of this is underwater


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