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Geography Terms                                                    

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Presentation on theme: "Geography Terms                                                    "— Presentation transcript:

1 Geography Terms                                                    

2 Archipelago: a string or chain of islands

3 Bay: a small body of water partially surrounded by land

4 Butte: a visible hill with steep, often vertical sides and a small, relatively flat top (Similar to but smaller than a plateau, mesa and table)

5 Canal: a man-made waterway for boats or for draining or irrigating land

6 Canyon: a deep valley or crevice in the earth’s surface, with very steep sides and usually with a river running through it Also known as gorges; ravines are similar, but not as deep

7 Cape: a point of land that extends into the sea or into a lake

8 The Nile Delta– northern Egypt
Delta: a triangular, fertile area of land around the mouth of a large river The Nile Delta– northern Egypt

9 Fjord: a narrow, winding ocean inlet with steep cliff-like sides (carved out by a glacier)

10 Glacier: a huge sheet of snow or ice moving slowly down a slope (mountain) or valley

11 What’s the difference between a GLACIER and an ICEBERG?
A glacier is a river of ice, mostly on land. It is fed by snowfields in the mountains and flows down a valley, like a very slow moving river, until it meets with the sea or a lake. An iceberg is a large piece of ice floating in water. It may have broken off a glacier.

12 Geyser: a spring from which boiling water and steam gushes into the air in intervals

13 Gulf: a large portion of the ocean, partially surrounded by land

14 Island: a body of land completely surrounded by water

15 Isthmus: a narrow strip of land connecting two larger pieces of land
The Isthmus of Panama

16 Jungle: land densely covered with trees, vines, etc
Jungle: land densely covered with trees, vines, etc. (typically found in the tropics)

17 Lagoon: a body of shallow sea or salt water that is separated from a larger sea by some barrier (sand, rock, reef, etc.)

18 Lake: a large inland body of standing water (usually freshwater)
Lake Michigan Lake Winnipesaukee

19 Mesa: a tall, flat-topped mountain with steep, vertical sides (usually found in dry places)
Buttes are small mesas

20 Ocean: a large body of salt water
Pacific                             Atlantic

21 Peninsula: a long piece of land surrounded by water on three sides

22 Plain: a large, flat, and mostly treeless area of land
The Great Plains

23 River: a natural stream of water larger than a brook or creek (typically flowing into an ocean or lake) Mississippi River Merrimack River

24 Sound: a wide channel linking two larger bodies of water or separating an island from the mainland

25 Swamp: wet, spongy land often partly covered with water

26 Tundra: a vast, treeless arctic plain

27 Volcano: an opening in the Earth’s surface that forms when lava, gases, and rocks erupt, or burst out, from deep inside the Earth Mt. Saint Helens

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