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Landforms Geography of the World. Archipelago: a group or chain of islands.

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Presentation on theme: "Landforms Geography of the World. Archipelago: a group or chain of islands."— Presentation transcript:

1 Landforms Geography of the World

2 Archipelago: a group or chain of islands

3 Atoll: a ring of coral islands and reefs that surrounds a shallow body of ocean water.

4 Bay: an indentation into the land formed by water.

5 Beach: the shore of an ocean, sea, or lake. Beaches can be covered in sand, rock, or gravel.

6 Butte: an isolated hill with steep sides.

7 Cape: an extension of land that sticks out into the water.

8 Canyon: a deep valley with high steep slopes.

9 Channel: a narrow sea located between two landmasses.

10 Cliff: a high steep face of a rock.

11 Coral Reef: a reef made up of corals. (Corals are stony skeletal deposits that live on the ocean floor in warm water).

12 Delta: a fan- shaped deposit at the mouth of a river.

13 Desert: a flat, dry and barren land with little or no vegetation.

14 Dune: a hill or ridge of wind-blown sand.

15 Fjord: an inlet of water located between steep cliffs.

16 Foothill: the low hills at the base of a mountain.

17 Glacier: a large mass of moving ice.

18 Gulf: a large area of sea or ocean partially enclosed by land.

19 Harbor: a sheltered body of water, deep enough to anchor ships.

20 Hill: a natural rise in land, smaller than a mountain.

21 Iceberg: a large body of floating ice.

22 Island: a landmass completely surrounded by water.

23 Isthmus: a narrow strip of land that joins or connects two larger landmasses.

24 Jungle: land that is overgrown with tropical vegetation and trees.

25 Lake: a large body of fresh or salt water located inland.

26 Lagoon: a shallow area of sea water separated by a sand bar or coral reef.

27 A flat-topped mountain with steep sides.

28 Mountain: a natural elevation with steep sides larger than a hill. Mountain range: a chain of mountains.

29 Mouth: the point where a smaller water body empties into a larger water body.

30 Ocean: a large body of salt water

31 Peak: the summit of a mountain

32 Peninsula: a landmass covered by water on three sides.

33 Plain: flat, level land with few or no trees.

34 Plateau: the level top of an elevated landmass.

35 Prairie: flat or gently rolling grasslands.

36 River: a large stream of water that empties into a larger water body.

37 Sea: a large body of salt water that is completely or partially landlocked.

38 Sound: a large, wide ocean inlet of water that connects two larger bodies of water. Strait: a narrow passage of water that connects two larger bodies of water.

39 Swamp: a lowland region saturated with water.

40 Tundra: a treeless area located between the ice cap and tree line of the arctic region.

41 Valley: a lowland area located between highlands such as mountains or hills.

42 Volcano: a mountain in which molten lava and gases are ejected.

43 Waterfall: a descent of water from a high point.

44 Continent: a large continuous land mass

45 Cove: a small, sheltered inlet or bay

46 Geyser: a spring that jets hot water or steam into the air.


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