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© Datamonitor the home of Business Intelligence innovative deliveryexpert analysisquality data © Datamonitor Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends Monoclonal antibodies dominate biosimilar pipelines December 2011 (HC )
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 2 About the presentation and report This executive presentation is a summary of the key analysis in the accompanying written report, which provides more in-depth analysis of the information presented here. The written report is organized into the following chapters: An executive summary which provides key biosimilar/copy-biologic development metrics An explanation of the methodology used by Datamonitor in this report An overview of key biosimilar/copy-biologic molecules in development and launched The bibliography.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 3 Key findings (1/3) Datamonitor has identified a total of 397 biosimilars/copy-biologics across 125 companies as being in development/marked. Products and pipeline candidates were identified using publically available information (where available). For each candidate, the stage of development was determined using company reported information as well as secondary sources such as clinical trial databases. Marketed products – Biosimilar and copy-biologic markets are dominated by versions of simple biologic molecules such as erythropoietin, somatropin, filgrastim and insulin products. Pipeline candidates – There is an increasing trend towards the development of high value biologics such as monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), fusion proteins, and second-generation biologics, with 57 MAb biosimilar candidates currently in development, versus only 46 therapeutic protein candidates. Rituximab is the most targeted molecule, with 14 pipeline biosimilar candidates currently in development. Target therapy areas/indications – Reflecting the focus on MAbs and therapeutic proteins such as erythropoietin and filgrastim, oncology, neutropenia and anemia as well as various cancer and immunological and inflammatory indications are the most frequently targeted by developers. Geography – The EU leads in terms of the number of marketed and pipeline biosimilar candidates followed by South Korea, while India continues to lead the way in the copy-biologics market, followed by China. Company – Based on company reported information, Sandoz was highlighted as the leading company in terms of marketed and pipeline biosimilars, while Zydus Cadilla leads in terms of copy- biologic development.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 4 Key findings (2/3) Top 5BiosimilarsNumber of biosimilars Copy-biologicsNumber of copy-biologics Marketed 1erythropoietin 7 filgrastim 35 2somatropin 5 erythropoietin 30 3filgrastim 4 insulin 23 4insulin 1 interferon alfa-2b 17 5follicle-stimulating hormone 1 interleukin-2 8 Pipeline 1rituximab 14 rituximab 3 2filgrastim 9 teriparatide 3 3trastuzumab 8 erythropoietin 2 4erythropoetin 8 pegfilgrastim 2 5etanercept 7 darbepoetin alfa 2 Company (marketed and pipeline) 1Sandoz 13 (4 + 9) Zydus Cadila 15 (5 + 10) 2Gene Techno Sciences 10 (0 + 10) Cipla 12 (0 + 12) 3Celltrion 8 (0 + 8) Dr. Reddy's 12 (5 + 7) 4Harvest Moon 8 (2 + 6) Laboratorios Beta 10 (10 + 0) 5Teva 6 (1 + 5) Biocad 9 (2 + 7)
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 5 Key findings (3/3) Top 5BiosimilarsNumber of biosimilars Copy-biologicsNumber of copy-biologics Therapy area (marketed and pipeline) 1Oncology 71 ( ) Oncology 106 ( ) 2Immunology & Inflammation 35 (0 + 35) Hematology 40 (35 + 5) 3Hematology 21 (7 + 14) Infectious Diseases 28 (27 + 1) 4Growth Disorders 9 (5 + 4) Metabolic Disorders 27 (23 + 4) 5Central Nervous System 4 (1 + 3) Gender Specific Health 22 (19 + 3) Indication (marketed and pipeline) 1Neutrapenia 19 (4 + 15) Neutrapenia 46 (43 + 3) 2Anemia 15 (7 + 8) Anemia 30 (33 + 0) 3Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma / rheumatoid arthritis 12 (0 + 12) Diabetes 28 (23 + 4) 4Growth disorders 9 (5 + 4) Hepatitis C 22 (21 + 1) 5Her-2 positive breast cancer 8 (0 + 8) Infertility 19 (19 + 0) Geography (marketed and pipeline) 1EU 66 ( India 102 ( ) 2South Korea 35 (6 + 29) China 50 ( ) 3US 28 (0 + 28) Argentina 25 (25 + 0) 4Japan 17 (2 + 15) Russia 15 (8 + 7) 5Canada 8 (0 + 8) Mexico 14 (13 + 1)
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 6 Definitions and methodology (1/4) Biologic definitions Below is a list of definitions used by Datamonitor to classify different types of biologic drug: Innovative biologic – A novel biologic that has been patented. Biobetter (biosuperior/second-generation biologic) – An innovative biologic drug that has been structurally and/or functionally altered to achieve an improved or different clinical performance (Biosimilar Medicinal Products Working Party, 2011). Biosimilar – A copy version of an already authorized biological innovative (biologic/biobetter/biosuperior) drug with demonstrated similarity in physicochemical characteristics, efficacy, and safety, based on a comprehensive comparability exercise, and approved through an official biosimilars pathway (Biosimilar Medicinal Products Working Party, 2011). Copy-biologic – A copy of an innovative biologic that has been approved in a country where no official biosimilar pathway exists.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 7 Definitions and methodology (2/4) Methodology Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 A total of 397 biosimilars/copy-biologics across 125 companies are currently in development/marketed (Table 2). Products and pipeline candidates were identified using the MedTRACK Disease Hub database, company websites, and company annual reports (where available). For the purpose of this analysis, only drugs in development and at market were included, with drugs that have been discontinued, withdrawn, or refused excluded for the analysis. Biologic typeDevelopmentApproved/launched Discontinued, withdrawn, refused, and unknown Biosimilar Copy-biologic Copy-biologic/biologic/biosimilar20 1 Total
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 8 Definitions and methodology (3/4) Stages of development For each candidate, the stage of development was determined using company-reported information as well as secondary sources such as clinical trial databases (e.g. ClinicalTrials.gov, Citeline): Planned – Refers to candidates which companies have explicitly stated they plan to develop, but for which no product development as yet begun. Development – Refers to candidates in undefined stages of development, and which have yet to be approved/launched. Preclinical – Refers to products in preclinical development. Clinical trials/pre-approval – Refers to candidates in Phase I, II, and III clinical trials, as well as those awaiting application for regulatory approval and those awaiting approval by regulatory authorities. Approved/launched – Refers to products which have received approval from regulatory authorities and may have launched. Discontinued/withdrawn/refused – Refers to candidates which have been discontinued, withdrawn from the market, withdrawn from development, or have been refused marketing authorization.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 9 Definitions and methodology (4/4) Disease indications For each candidate the target indication was determined as follows: Where available, Datamonitor has reported the indications for the biosimilar/copy-biologic listed by the company. Where no information regarding indications was available, Datamonitor has listed all the indications of the reference biologic product. Geographical regions For each candidate the target geographical market was determined as follows: Where available, Datamonitor has reported the geographical region for the biosimilar/copy-biologic listed by the company. Where no information regarding geographical region was available, Datamonitor listed the geography where the company is headquartered.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 10 Leading countries in terms of pipeline and marketed biosimilars and copy-biologics Leading countries for biosimilars and copy-biologics, by stage of development, 2011 Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 In terms of pipeline and marketed copy- biologics, India leads the way with 102 products (encompassing 27 molecules), closely followed by China with 50 products (25 molecules), largely driven by the development of cheap simple biologics approved by regulatory authorities in these markets as new drugs. The EU is the market with the greatest number of pipeline and marketed biosimilar products, totaling 66 (32 molecules) as of December 2011, reflecting the fact that the European Medicines Agency (EMA) was the first developed market to introduce a biosimilars approval pathway in South Korea and the US also have sizable biosimilar pipelines.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 11 Biosimilars by molecule type Biosimilars development, by stage of development and molecule type, 2011 Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 Biosimilar markets are dominated by versions of simple biologic molecules – namely erythropoietin, filgrastim, and somatropin – which are relatively cheap and easy to produce and which have consequently become something of a proof of principle for biosimilars producers, used to test biosimilar pathways. However, there is an increasing trend towards the development of high value biologics such as MAbs, fusion proteins, and second-generation biologics. Global monoclonal MAb sales are forecast to reach $63bn in 2015, making this market an attractive target for biosimilar developers, with interest in biosimilar MAbs having intensified since the drafting of the EU MAb guidelines in November Reflecting this there are currently 57 MAb biosimilar candidates in development, versus only 46 therapeutic protein candidates.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 12 Copy-biologics by molecule type Copy-biologics development, by stage of development and molecule type, 2011 Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 Copy-biologic markets have historically been dominated by simple biologics such as therapeutic proteins, which are cheap and relatively simple to manufacture. Only a handful of pharmaceutical companies including Dr. Reddy’s, Zydus Cadila, BioCad, Shanghai CP Guojian Pharmaceutical, and Probiomed have the technology, expertise, and finances to develop copy-biologic MAbs, with Dr. Reddy's Reditux (rituximab) is the world’s first and only copy-biologic MAb.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 13 Rituximab is the biologic most targeted by biosimilar developers Leading molecules targeted by biosimilar developers Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 Rituximab has received significant attention from biosimilar developers, with 14 candidates at various stages of development (from planned to Phase III clinical trials). Herceptin (trastuzumab; Roche) is the only MAb used in the treatment of HER2- positive metastatic breast cancer. It has also been a major target for biosimilar developers, with eight candidates currently in development. Biosimilar developers are also looking to develop other more complex products such as biosimilar versions of second- generation biologics such as pegfilgrastim, darbepoetin alfa, and pegylated interferon alfa. These drugs have improved half-lives and dosing regimens over their first- generation counterparts.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 14 Simple biologics dominate the copy-biologic market Leading molecules targeted by copy-biologic manufacturers, 2011 Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 There are currently 36 copy-biologic versions of filgrastim, 31 copy-biologic versions of erythropoietin, and 25 copy- biologic insulins at market, with these products accounting for 49% of all copy- biologics currently available. Due to the rising prevalence of diabetes in emerging markets, together with the high cost of advanced insulin products such as insulin glargine and lispro, lower cost human insulin and bovine/porcine insulins will continue to prove popular among copy-biologic manufacturers and patients. Interferon alfa-2a and -2b products have proved to be popular molecules. Hepatitis C virus infection is particularly prevalent in many emerging markets, and as a result companies have tapped into this lucrative market.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 15 Oncology is the therapy area most targeted by biosimilar developers Leading therapy areas targeted by biosimilar developers, 2011 Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 Oncology is currently the focal therapy area for biosimilar developers, with 60 candidates in development and 12 biosimilars already launched. This group represents 11 different molecules across a variety of oncology and associated indications, from simple biologics such as filgrastim to more complex high value targeted therapies such as trastuzumab. Diseases within the immunology and inflammation field have also received significant attention from biosimilar developers, with 35 candidates currently in development across a number of distinct indications. The molecules for which there is active clinical development within this group include infliximab, etanercept, adalimumab, and rituximab.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 16 Oncology is the therapy area most targeted by copy-biologic manufacturers Leading therapy areas targeted by copy-biologic developers, 2011 Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 As with biosimilar developers, oncology is the focal therapy area for copy-biologic manufacturers, with 17 candidates in development and 86 products already launched. This group is primarily made up of copy-biologic versions of molecules. The majority of these products are filgrastim, which are low cost and easy to produce by manufacturers, and affordable to patients. The infectious disease group consists exclusively of interferon alfa and peginterferon alfa copy-biologics for the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection, which is particularly prevalent in many emerging markets.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 17 India dominates the market in terms of approved products Leading countries for biosimilars and copy-biologics development, 2011 Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 In terms of launched copy-biologics, India leads the way with 59 products (encompassing 22 molecules), followed by China with 39 products (16 molecules), followed by the Latin American markets of Argentina, Mexico, and Brazil. Argentina's ANMAT published biologics and biosimilar approval guidance in September In Mexico, despite the creation of biosimilar guidelines in 2009, the pathway remains impossible to navigate. However, copy-biologics have existed in the country for a number of years, are accepted by patients and physicians alike, and are often considered to be interchangeable with branded products. Brazil has traditionally been a small market for biologic products given the low rates of reimbursement. However, legislation relating to biosimilars was introduced in 2005.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 18 The EU dominates in terms of biosimilar development the EU dominates in terms of product development Leading leading markets for biosimilar development Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 The EU leads the field in terms of biosimilar development with 57 candidates (encompassing 32 molecules) – although 20 of which are only in the “planned” stage – reflecting the significant commercial opportunity for biosimilars in this region. India is the leading country in terms of copy-biologic development, with 40 candidates (eight molecules) undergoing active development, and a further three candidates planned. However, given the limited availability of company-reported development information, the size of the Indian pipeline may be under-represented here. While only having launched six products to date, South Korea is ranked third in terms of biosimilar development with 29 candidates (13 molecules) currently in development.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 19 Biosimilar/copy-biologic company analysis (1/4) The leading companies for biosimilar research and development, 2011 Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 The largest copy-biologic producer is India-based Zydus Cadila, reported to have 10 candidates in preclinical development, with a further five at market. Sandoz is the leading biosimilar developer, with nine candidates in development and four at market. Omnitrope (somatropin; Sandoz) was the first biosimilar to be marketed in the EU, Japan, Australia, and Canada.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 20 Biosimilar/copy-biologic company analysis (2/4) The leading producers with products launched, 2011 Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 All of the top 10 companies in terms of marketed products are copy-biologic manufacturers, reflecting the more relaxed regulatory requirements for the approval of such products in the emerging markets. The leading companies in terms of launched copy-biologics are Laboratorios Beta and Probiomed, both of which are Latin America-based companies along with Varifarma, Landsteiner Scientific, and Sidus, which also rank among the top 10 companies based on number of marketed copy-biologics. The remaining companies are all India-based, with the exception of Sedico, based in Egypt.
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 21 Biosimilar/copy-biologic company analysis (3/4) The leading producers with products in development Source: Datamonitor; company-reported information, 2011 India-based Cipla is the leading developer with 12 copy-biologics in development (although the nature of these products has not been disclosed), followed by Zydus Cadila – also based in India – which has a range of therapeutic protein and monoclonal antibody (MAb) candidates in development. In terms of biosimilar development, Japan-based Gene Techno Science leads with 10 biosimilars (MAbs and therapeutic proteins) in development, followed by Sandoz with nine candidates (of which only one – rituximab – has been disclosed).
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 22 Biosimilar/copy-biologic company analysis (4/4) Biosimilar and copy-biologic MAb development activities, 2011 Overall, 30 companies have biosimilar/copy-biologic MAbs in their portfolios, with Reditux (rituximab; Dr. Reddy’s) currently being the only copy- biologic MAb on the market. BioXpress leads in terms of the number of MAb candidates. However, all 16 are "planned," with no reference to any clinical development having been initiated (BioXpress, 2011). Celltrion currently has eight MAb candidates, two of which are in clinical development, with five in preclinical development and a further one at the “planned” stage. These eight biosimilars are due to appear in the US, Europe, Australia, Canada, and New Zealand through a marketing agreement between Hospira and Celltrion signed in October 2009 (Berkrot, 2009). Biosimilar originator company Total MAb candidates Lead moleculeStage of lead molecule BioXpress16VariousPlanned Celltrion8infliximab, trastuzumabClinical trials/pre-approval Gene Techno Science7Unknown at presentDevelopment Dr. Reddy’s6Reditux (rituximab)Approved/launched Zydus Cadila Total5Unknown at presentPreclinical Mabion4Unknown at presentDevelopment Biocad3bevacizumab, rituximab, trastuzumab Development PharmaPraxis3Unknown at presentDevelopment Shanghai CP Guojian Pharmaceutical 3efalizumab, rituximab, trastuzumab Clinical trials/pre-approval Aprogen2infliximabClinical trials/pre-approval Dong-A2trastuzumabPreclinical LG Life Sciences Total2adalimumab, infliximabPreclinical Samsung Biologics2rituximabClinical trials/pre-approval Others16Various
the home of Business Intelligence Biosimilars: Pipeline Trends, HC , December 2011 © Datamonitor 23 Appendix Ask the analyst The Strategic Analysis (Healthcare) Knowledge Center Writing team Alistair Sinclair Disclaimer All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the publisher, Datamonitor. The facts of this report are believed to be correct at the time of publication but cannot be guaranteed. Please note that the findings, conclusions and recommendations that Datamonitor delivers will be based on information gathered in good faith from both primary and secondary sources, whose accuracy we are not always in a position to guarantee. As such, Datamonitor can accept no liability whatever for actions taken based on any information that may subsequently prove to be incorrect.
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