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V/FLF 117/2004 - 01/06/2004 - P. 1 ESA SPACE EXPLORATION AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION Workshop – Washington D.C. June 21-22, 2004.

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Presentation on theme: "V/FLF 117/2004 - 01/06/2004 - P. 1 ESA SPACE EXPLORATION AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION Workshop – Washington D.C. June 21-22, 2004."— Presentation transcript:

1 V/FLF 117/ /06/ P. 1 ESA SPACE EXPLORATION AND INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION Workshop – Washington D.C. June 21-22, 2004

2 Fmp Page 2 SNECMA, THE AEROSPACE PROPULSION AND EQUIPMENT GROUP 6,431 Millions of euros in 2003 Workforce : 39,695 (3237 in North America) 62% Propulsion 38% Equipment 77% Commercial 23% Military 55% Europe 27%USA

3 Fmp Page 3 SNECMA SPACE AND MISSILE ACTIVITIES RL10 B2 VINCI M51 VULCAIN 2 PPS 1350  Liquid & Solid Propulsion for launchers  Propulsion & Equipment for satellites  Solid Propulsion for ballistic & tactical missiles  Thermostructural composite materials MPS ARIANE

4 Fmp Page 4 From Earth to the Moon: km with solar energy and 82 kg of Xenon SNECMA POWERS SMART 1 PROBE TO THE MOON After the first ignition, the thruster has been fired almost continuously to raise the orbit perigee. Then, the apogee is gradually increased until the spacecraft is captured by the Moon’s gravity The PPS 1350 Hall effect thruster built by Snecma Moteurs started to power SMART 1 to the Moon on September 30, Currently it has accumulated 2400 hours or firing and will reach the Moon orbit in September 2004 (after3500h of firing)

5 Fmp Page 5 A long time partnership with General Electric in aircraft engines GE90 & GE90-115B JV Snecma Moteurs/GEAE Snecma Moteurs: makes 10% of CF6-80C 20% of CF6-80E Snecma Moteurs: makes 23.5% of GE % of GE90-115B CF6 CFM56

6 Fmp Page 6 Snecma Moteurs is leading a European cooperation for the Ariane cryogenic Engines

7 Fmp Page 7 A new cooperation with Russia SM146 - A new cooperation with Russia Powering Sukhoi RRJ SM JV &

8 Fmp Page 8 C/C Nozzle for RL10-B2 Pratt & Whitney Engine Lightweight Carbon/Carbon deployable nozzle Design by SPS in close cooperation with P & W - Production by SPS Snecma Propulsion Solide : Composite Technologies & Facilities in Bordeaux (France)

9 Fmp Page 9 THE CASE OF SPW 2000 COOPERATION FAILURE Attempt in 1999/2000 to join Vinci and RL-60 engines into one program aimed at developing a single engine for upper stages in the US (Atlas & Delta) and in Europe (Ariane) Development cost shared between P&W and ESA Global Development & Production costs expected to be lower because of sharing facilities, expertise, technologies,…and having higher production rate (larger market) P&W in the US and Snecma in Europe leading the usual partners in ESA countries License obtained quickly from US government with some provisos related to export control

10 Fmp Page 10 THE CASE OF SPW 2000 COOPERATION FAILURE Geographic return rules of ESA are difficult to conciliate with transatlantic cooperation The Vinci program was already started by ESA (with European participating countries contributions and returns) when the SPW2000 was initiated European concerns over US Government policies (provisos) that could have led to future export licence restrictions for Ariane Lessons learned

11 Fmp Page 11 MAIN FEATURES OF EUROPEAN SPACE COOPERATION COOPERATION WITHIN EUROPE IS SPECIFIC : EUROPEAN STRATEGY OF INDEPENDANT ACCESS TO SPACE BUILT OVER DECADES FOR ARIANE PROGRAMS HAS INVOLVED MORE AND MORE COUNTRIES / COMPANIES FROM THE BEGINNING GEOGRAPHICAL RETURN RULES HAS CONSTRUCTED OVER THE YEARS SOME “SPECIALTIES” DISTRIBUTION OF TECHNICAL & INDUSTRIAL BASIS IN EUROPE WITH IMPORTANT INVESTMENTS

12 Fmp Page 12 CONCLUDING REMARKS (1) SOME ” SUCCESS “ FACTORS : POLITICAL SUPPORT STRONG ORGANIZATION FOR MANAGEMENT : STRONG AND CLEAR RESPONSABILITY/MANAGEMENT AT SYSTEM LEVEL CLEAR REQUIREMENTS /SPECIFICATIONS WITH INVOLVEMENT OF INDUSTRY “REASONABLE” TECHNICAL CHOICES BASED ON PREPARATORY PHASES STANDARDIZED MANAGEMENT PROCEDURES, INCLUDING QUALITY COST CONTROL AND DESIGN-TO-COST APPROACH REALISTIC BUDGET REQUIREMENT NEED TO INVOLVE INDUSTRY NOT ONLY IN DEMONSTRATION AND DEVELOPMENT BUT ALSO IN PRODUCTION (RETURN ON INVESTMENT)

13 Fmp Page 13 CONCLUDING REMARKS (2) SNECMA HAS A NUMBER OF PRODUCTS AND TECHNOLOGIES THAT COULD SERVE SPACE EXPLORATION: SOLID AND LIQUID ENGINES ELECTRIC PROPULSION ADVANCED HOT STRUCTURES SPACE EQUIPMENT IN THE FRAME OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF COOPERATION…

14 Fmp Page 14 VINCI : A HIGH PERFORMANCE, FLEXIBLE, MULTI-PURPOSE ENGINE LAUNCHERS UPPER STAGES : ARIANE, DELTA, ATLAS,… SPACE VEHICLES FOR MOON & MARS MISSIONS, SPACE TUGS,… DERIVATIVES WITH OTHER PROPELLANTS (LOX/METHANE,…)


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