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1 16TH ECSL SUMMER COURSE ON SPACE LAW AND POLICY September 3rd-14th, 2007 Noordwijk, Wednesday 12th, 15 :30-16 :45 Lecture on : Risk management and insurance.

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Presentation on theme: "1 16TH ECSL SUMMER COURSE ON SPACE LAW AND POLICY September 3rd-14th, 2007 Noordwijk, Wednesday 12th, 15 :30-16 :45 Lecture on : Risk management and insurance."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 16TH ECSL SUMMER COURSE ON SPACE LAW AND POLICY September 3rd-14th, 2007 Noordwijk, Wednesday 12th, 15 :30-16 :45 Lecture on : Risk management and insurance practices Dr Benito PAGNANELLI Managing Director

2 2 SPACE RISKS Catastrophic nature Little value of statistics Technical evaluation case by case Risk management Reliability and level of confidence TECHNOLOGY EVOLUTION LAUNCHERS: - Single satellite launch: Thor Delta, etc.. - Multiple satellite launches: Proton, Atlas, Ariane 5, etc... - Space shuttle satellite launch (reusable) - Space shuttle as such not insured SPACECRAFT: - from kgs weight to ISS: International Space Station

3 3 SATELLITES UTILIZATION Military: not insured Scientific/civil: sometimes insured Commercial: mostly insured SPACE INSURANCE EVOLUTION Evolution from 1965: Intelsat I (Early Bird) insurance The insurance market Brokers, insurers, reinsurers Insurance capacity Volatility Insurance premium pricing: just a gamble ? Period of insurance Launch and in-orbit multi-annual policies (health status evaluation) Market insured satellites launched, claims, loss ratio statistics:

4 4 Market Insured Satellites Launched

5 5 Market Exposures vs. Capacity

6 6 Market Capacity Source: Broker statistics for Launch Placements $540,000, companies No single market has more than 10% share Asia US UK Europe

7 7 Split of Failures by Phase of Mission Launch plus first year in orbit, since 2000 Commercial communications satellites Remainder Of First Year 19% Launch Vehicle Flight 39% First Month In Orbit 42%

8 8 Space Insurance Market Losses Launch Vehicle vs. Satellite

9 9 Space Insurance Market Premium and Losses

10 10 Profit margin over ten years: 5% Space Insurance Market Profit Margin Cumulative since 1998

11 11 SATELLITE INSURANCE, MAIN RISKS CONVENTIONAL SEGMENTATION MATERIAL DAMAGE AND LOSS OF REVENUE: - Pre-launch phase - Launch phase - In-orbit (life) phase - Performance incentives - Launch delay - Re-launch guarantee by manufacturers and launch operators THIRD PARTY LIABILITIES: - Pre-launch, launch and in-orbit phases - Launch operators and state protection schemes (ESA, NASA, etc...) - Joint assureds OTHER RISKS: - Product liability - Contractual liabilities

12 12 POLICY WORDINGS Pre-launch Launch I n-orbit P erformance incentives T hird party liability E tc.. MAIN CHARACTERISTICS OF POLICY WORDINGS Pre-launch insurance: property and transport traditional language Space launch insurance: innovative Satellite in-orbit life insurance: innovative Third party liability insurance: - pragmatic solutions solve difficult legal issues on responsibility - joint assureds - no subrogation among operators

13 13 SOME LEGAL ISSUES Treaties and conventions on third party liability: state and/or private responsibilities Proposed space protocol to the Convention on International Interest in Mobile Equipment (by Unidroit) ITAR (Internationl Traffic in Arms Regulations) Claims handling Litigation Partial loss and total loss Definition of loss (total or partial), insuring agreement, salvage, subrogation, additional insured and loss payee, due diligence, misrepresentation Arbitration CCC (Claims Coordination Committee)

14 14 SPACE TOURISM Space tourism evolution Aviation or Space legal-insurance regime? USA: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulates space tourism activities under a space related regime (Act HR5382, effective date Feb. 13th, 2007). Main features: –Launch liability insurance policy must cover all launch participants and a reciprocal waiver of claims subrogation is mandatory. –Required insurance is statutorily capped by a known formula, the maximum probable loss («MPL»), for 1. third party bodily injury or property damage (not to exceed $ 500 million often ranging $ 150 million) and 2.damage to Government property (not to exceed $100 million) for each launch. 3. Above these amounts, the Government endeavours to pay claims above the required limit of insurance up to $ 1.5 billion. In excess of the Government contribution, insurance should then apply again. 4.Under the liability insurance policy of the licenced operator the following entities must be insured (joint assureds) »Launch licensee »Government and its Agencies and sub-contractors »Contractors and sub-contractors of the customer »Customer related entities with financial interest continues

15 15 Continued Need for new international legislation to facilitate development By year 2015, tourists expected(?) First fatal accident already occurred on the ground INTERNATIONAL INSURANCE BODIES International Union of Aerospace Insurers (I.U.A.I.) Space Risks Study Group (SRSG) (I.U.A.I.) Policy Certification Initiative (PCI) (I.U.A.I.) Claims Coordination Committee (CCC)


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