2Embarkation Fundamentals References:COMFIRSTNCDINST , Movement Control CenterMCRP H, Convoy Tactical Operations
3Embarkation Fundamentals AMC Pamphlet , Vol. 1, AMC Affiliation Program Equipment Preparation CourseJP Joint Tactics, Techniques and Procedures for Movement
4Embarkation Fundamentals PQS Question Explain the operations of the battalion Movement Control Center. (MCC)Reference: COMFIRSTNCDINST , Movement Control Center
5MCCOperationsThe Movement Control Center controls, coordinates, and monitors the movement of all personnel, supplies, and equipment to the embarkation staging area
6Embarkation Fundamentals PQS Question Who is responsible for the operation of the battalion MCC?Reference: COMFIRSTNCDINST , Movement Control Center
7MCC The XO is responsible of the operations in MCC MCC controls, coordinates, and monitors the movement of all personnel, supplies, and equipment to an embarkation staging area.
8Embarkation Fundamentals PQS Question State the purpose and the function of Unit Movement Control Center (UMCC).Reference: JP Joint Tactics, Techniques and Procedures for Movement
9UMCCA temporary organization activated by major subordinate commands and subordinate units during deployment:Ensures units are prepared for embarkation and coordinate movement of forces.Direct unit marshalling.Coordinate movement assets.Identify and coordinate with the next higher MCC for additional support requirements beyond organizational capabilities.Deconflict competing movement requirements within the organization.
10Embarkation Fundamentals PQS Question Describe the duties and responsibilities of the following key Embark personnel. Embark Officer Embark Chief Embark LPOReference: COMFIRSTNCDINST
11EMBARKEmbark Officer – An officer on the staff of units of the landing force who advises the commander thereof on matters pertaining to embarkation planning and loading. Embark Chief – Has lead in movement ops that are in direct support of their COCOM and supports movement ops manager when supporting other COCOM’s Embark LPO - Assist the movement ops manager or the NCR embark Chief Petty Officer in all movement ops.
12COUNTER BALANCEPQS Question Explain the procedures to calculate the center of balance on CESE.Reference: AMP PAM , Vol 1
13CENTER BALANCEWEIGH ALL AXLES (COMBINED WEIGHT OF AXLE), ESTABLISH A RDL (REFERENCE DATUM LINE) AT THE FRONT AXLE, MEASURE DISTANCE FROM RDL TO ALL AXLES (TO CENTER OF DUAL AXLES), COMPUTE MOMENTS FOR ALL AXLES OR COMBINED AXLES, DIVIDE TOTAL MOMENTS BY TOTAL WEIGHT TO DETERMINE CB.EXAMPLE: WEIGHT x DISTANCE = MOMENT(A 2 ½ TON TRUCK WITH TRAILER)FRONT AXLE: 5,750 LBS x 0” = 0REAR AXLE: 7,894 LBS x 154” = 1,215,676TRI-AXLE: 2,668 LBS x 336” = 896,448TOTAL: 16,312 LBS 2,112,1242,112,124 DIVIDED BY 16,312 = = 129 (ROUND TO NEAREST WHOLE INCH)THE CB FOR THE COMBINED LOAD IS 129 INCHES AFT OF THE FRONT AXLE.
14SHORINGPQS Question Explain the four types of shoring used during embarkation operations. * Sleeper * Rolling * Parking * ApproachingReference: AMP PAM , Vol 1
15SHORINGSleeper – Use sleeper shoring under the frame or axles of vehicles that weigh over 20,000 pounds are are equipped with soft, low pressure, balloon-type, off road tires. Sleeper – prevents vehicle from bouncing up and down
16SHORINGRolling – Use rolling shoring to protect the aircraft parking ramp, and the cargo floor and loading ramps of cargo airplanes from damage when transporting a vehicle across it.
17SHORINGParking – Use parking to protect the aircraft floor or ramps from contact such as blades, buckets, fork-lift tines, steel wheels, trailer tongue support.
18SHORINGApproaching – Use approach shoring to decrease the approach angle of aircraft loading ramps. This is because some items of cargo will strike the aircraft or ground due to loading/offloading operations.
19CONVOYSPQS Question Describe the movement formations and techniques of a convoy.Reference: MCRP H, Convoy Tactical Operations
20CONVOYS Three Divisions March Column Composed of entire convoy Convoy Commander in chargeSerial ColumnLimited to 20 vehiclesUnit ColumnLimited to 10 vehicles or less
21CONVOYS Road Routes Green relatively safe from hostile activity Yellow subject to limited activityRedhostile activity is imminent
22CONVOYS Rules of the Road 30 mph on open road 100 ft interval between vehiclesSpeed determined by slowest vehicle in convoy
23CONVOYSPQS Question Identify and explain the elements of a convoy organization.Reference: MCRP H, Convoy Tactical Operations
24ESSENTIAL CONVOY POSITIONS Convoy Commanderinitiates, issues and enforces march orderssupervises movementSerial CommanderIn charge of 20 vehiclesSupervises serialAnswers to Convoy Commander
25ESSENTIAL CONVOY POSITIONS Advance OfficerPrecedes the columnRecons the route and selects alternate routesNotifies proper authoritiesPost traffic control personnelTrail OfficerPost warning flagsprevent interferenceenforce convoy disciplinecollects traffic control personnel
26ESSENTIAL CONVOY POSITIONS Unit CommanderResponsible for 10 units of CESEMaintenance OfficerRides at rear of convoyResponsible for CESE maintenance
27OTHER CONVOY POSITIONS Vehicle CommanderUsually a Petty Officer in charge of all vehicles carrying troopsPace SetterUsually a Petty Officer stationed in lead vehicle.GuidesPersonnel posted at critical intersections when on non-tactical convoysEscortsMilitary Police or other personnel for a non-tactical movementDuring tactical movements, the escorts may be armed guards, armed aircraft, infantry, armored units, or other units as required to protect or accompany the convoy.
29CONVOY* The first step in a safe convoy is careful and thorough planning. To begin planning a convoy, a few key pieces of information are needed. Among these are:Time the event host needs the vehicles to arrive.Number of vehicles expected for convoy.Size (weight, height, width) of largest vehicle expected.Cruising speeds of the various vehicles.Un-refueled range of the various vehicles.
31CONVOY Vehicle Configuration a. Hardening Vehicles. Use Kevlar blankets, armor plating, ballistic glass, andother protective devices (i.e., sand bags).(1) Makes certain vehicle components less vulnerable.(2) Significantly protects occupants from injury or death in the case ofattack.b. Camouflage and Concealment.(1) Camouflage or cover shiny surfaces.(2) Paint vehicles in a pattern to blend in with the terrain and break theoutline.(3) Train operators to look for other means of concealment to break theoutline of the vehicle.(4) Don’t run lights during a daytime convoy as this can easily identify youas US forces.(5) Tape over running lights and front lights to reduce profile.
32CONVOY Convoy Communication a. Primary means of communication with movement control, air support, and within the convoy is by radio. Radios must be secure-capable communications means.b. There are three types of communications to be considered:(1) Vehicle internal.(2) Vehicle to vehicle.(3) External to convoy.c. Alternate communications techniques within the convoy (e.g., hand signals,pyrotechnics, vehicle signals, etc.). Techniques must be covered by the CCduring the convoy briefing and rehearsals.d. Strive to have a minimum of two GPS navigation and messaging systemswithin each convoy.e. CC and ACC must know theater-level convoy channel to coordinate with
33CONVOYbattalion-level command posts that monitor and can assist with QRF. They mustalso know the emergency frequencies for MEDEVAC and air support along theroute and brief this information to the drivers. Most USAF aircraft are not single-channel ground and airborne radio system (SINCGARS) capable, with theexception of Joint Surveillance Target Attack Radar System (JSTARS) and somespecial operations aircraft. Ensure CSE team is briefed on routes and hostile contacts.