3Renaissance Beyond Italy The Spread of IdeasEuropeans admired the Italian focus on wealth, beauty, and achievement.Johannes Gutenberg (German) c.1450invented movable type printing press*much faster than hand printingBy 1500about 12 million books in printPeople readthe Biblebooks by Italian humanistsBy 1550sRenaissance ideals a part of northern European cultureWhy was the printing press an important part of the Renaissance, Reformation, and Scientific Revolution?
4Students came to Italian Universities By 1550sRenaissance ideals a part of northern European cultureStudents came to Italian Universitieslearned humanist idealstook humanist values home with themItalian Womenstudied – but only at homemarried into families across Europespread Renaissance ideasHow did the ideas of the Italian Renaissance spread across Europe?
5Southern Europe (Italy) Italian Womenstudied – but only at homemarried into families across Europespread Renaissance ideasHow did feudalism in northern Europe make the character of the Renaissance different in the north than in Italy?Ideas and IdealsNorthern Europefeudal statesrulers & patrons: nobles & royaltylearning centered on royal courtsfewer large towns – church had more active rolecontinued to believe in spiritual – also studied HebrewSouthern Europe (Italy)city-statesrulers & patrons: patrician familieslearning centered on homes of great familieslarger cities – valued “life on earth, here and now”more secular, non-religious- studied Roman & Greek humanism
6more secular, non-religious continued to believe in spiritual – also studied Hebrewmore secular, non-religious- studied Roman & Greek humanismBoth began to question traditional church customs.Christian Humanismfocused NOT on Greece & Rome but the history of Christianitycombination of humanist & religious ideasfelt that the Roman Church was corruptcalled for Church reformDesiderius Erasmus (Dutch) thoughteveryone should be able to read Biblebelievers not rely on services in Latinchurch teaching should be “understandable”criticized corrupt clergy in book: In Praise of Follywanted to rid Church of meaningless ritualsHow did the scholar Erasmus represent northern humanism?
7More Achievements Northern European Artists Desiderius Erasmus (Dutch) thoughteveryone should be able to read Biblebelievers not rely on services in Latinchurch teaching should be “understandable”criticized corrupt clergy in book: In Praise of Follywanted to rid Church of meaningless ritualsNorthern European Artistsdid not paint everyone to look like Greek Godspainted realistic people – with flawspainted scenes from “everyday life*”Albrect Dürer (artist/painter)great detail in his paintingsmost famous for “The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse”Miguel de Cervantes (writer)wrote in the vernacular (common language)most famous for: “Don Quixote”made fun of nobles and ideas of Middle AgesHow were northern artists different than Italian artists?More Achievements
8AchievementsDescribe some of the achievements of the northern Renaissance.Artists painted more realistically.Writers wrote about religion, politics, and human behavior.Scientists made important discoveries.Thomas More wrote Utopia and saidall men should be treated equally.William Shakespeare (English)created real charactersParacelsus (Swiss)gave poison to destroy diseaseAmbrose Pare (French)created bandagesused thread instead of burning to close wounds.
9Summary TaskWrite 3 to 5 good, complete sentences that describe (in general) what exactly Lesson 4 is about.
10The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse ( a “woodcut” woodblock print ) by Albrect Drüer( a “woodcut” woodblock print )