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Green Energy and Hydrogen from Coal The draft of Integrated Project Proposals in Support for the HYPOGEN EU Initiative of Sustainable Energy Development.

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Presentation on theme: "Green Energy and Hydrogen from Coal The draft of Integrated Project Proposals in Support for the HYPOGEN EU Initiative of Sustainable Energy Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Green Energy and Hydrogen from Coal The draft of Integrated Project Proposals in Support for the HYPOGEN EU Initiative of Sustainable Energy Development Jerzy Bednarczyk, Jan Kozubowski, Jan Rogut Institute of Opencast Mining “Poltegor”, Wrocław, Warsaw Technical University, Warsaw, Central Mining Institute, Katowice,

2 2 Main Targets and Points of Interests of Hydrogen Related Research in Poland: Fossil fuel based power plants as future energy and hydrogen producers the sustainable way - the Green Energy from Coal concept Trans-border Czech - Slovak- Polish HyCom in Cieszyn/Tesin as an important tool for regional development - non fossil Establishment of the International R&D Centre of Separation Technologies for Hydrogen Economy Needs - EU Marie Curie Transfer of Knowledge (TOK) Fund - Coke oven gas as separation model fluid - low cost nanostructured metals for hydrogen separation, cleaning up, and storage Hydrogen as friendly (!), safe (!) and profitable (!) material and energy carrier

3 3 Sources of Natural Gas for Europe in Short Term Perspective Long-term Security of Gas Supply in a Liberalized Market Jean-Paul PINON Director Gas Market, CREG Co-chairman of the Gas Working Group, CEER UNEC Round Table – Genève 20/01/2004

4 4 Hydrogen Production, Investment Costs 0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4, Capacity (million Nm 3 H 2 /day) Investment Costs (1990 US$/kW) Steam Methane Reforming (SMR) Partial Oxidation (POX) Coal Gasification Thermal Cracking Biomass Gasification Electrolysis

5 5 Coal is of great interest because it is: Plentiful. Resource ~ 500 years (vs. gas/oil: ~100 years). Inexpensive $/GJ HHV (vs. gas at 2.5+ $/GJ). Ubiquitous. Wide geographic distribution (vs. middle east). Clean?! Gasification, esp. with sequestration, produces little gaseous emissions and a chemically stable, vitreous ash.

6 6 European Green Electricity and Hydrogen from Coal Technology Development Area

7 7 Locations and Specialisations Upper Silesia - bituminuous coal based demonstration plant for H&E production and CO 2 sequestration „Black Triangle” - lignite based demonstration plant plant for H&E production and CO 2 sequestration Belchatow lignite mine - large scale facility for basic sequestration research gfz Potsdam - facility for applied sequestration research Newcastle University - mineral sequestration, process water issues University of Stuttgart, SIU Carbondale, ISSEP Liege - coal processing JRC (Petten, Ispra, Sevilla ) - foresight, regulations and policy aspects

8 8

9 9 „ Green” Electricity and Hydrogen from Coal Clean Coal Technologies + CO 2 Sequestration = Green Hydrogen and Energy from Coal

10 10 Vision of Technologically Viable and Economically Feasible Increase of Total Energy Efficiency of Electricity Production of Coal Based Power Plants from % now to % in Year Long Perspective

11 11 HYPOGEN FutureGen

12 12 USTDEV Capture and sequestration of CO 2 associated with cleaner fossil fuel plants Global and EU energy supply will, for the foreseeable future ( ), be dominated by fossil energy sources. However, their CO 2 emissions are a major drawback in the context of global climate change. The challenge is therefore to be able to use these fossil fuels whilst eliminating CO 2 through cost-effective capture and sequestration and at the same time maintaining EU industrial competitiveness in global markets. Targets: reduce the cost of CO 2 capture from € to € per tonne of CO 2 captured, whilst aiming at achieving capture rates above 90%, and assess the reliability and long term stability of sequestration.

13 13 Major Research Partners Poland - GIG, Poltegor, PW, IChPW, IE, AGH, IGSMiE, EMAG Czech Republic: TU Ostrava, ICHP Praque, Germany: TU Stuttgart, gfz Potsdam, GGS Hannover, UK: University of Newcastle, BGS Belgium: ISSEP JRC ( Petten, Ispra, Sevilla) US: SIU Carbondale, US EPA NRMRL Cincinnati, Washington University Greece: NTUA Russia: Yukos R&D Centre, Boreskov Institute of Catalysis Denmark : DTU Lyngby

14 14 Low emission coal gasification to hydrogen combined with sequestration ready CO 2 production

15 15 ISCC - Innovative In Situ CO 2 Capture Technology for Solid Fuel Gasification

16 16 Storage/Use of CO 2 Fossil Fuel Energy Conversion Capture of CO 2 post-combustion capture Partial oxidation or Reforming CO Shift Fuel gas extraction pre-combustion decarbonisation Energy / Power or Hydrogen Energy Conversion ASU Capture of CO 2 Oxy-fuel combustion Energy / Power Energy and Hydrogen Production

17 17 Low emission coal gasification combined with CO 2 sequestration in unmineable coal beds and CBM recovery

18 18 Underground coal gasification combined with geothermics and CO 2 sequestration

19 19 O 2 + H 2 OCO 2 + H 2 + CO H 2 O COLD H 2 O HOT XX CO years ToCToC A B C A B C

20 20 Distribution of Magnesium Silicate Mineral Deposits Worldwide xMgO.ySiO 2.zH 2 O (s) => x MgO (s) + y SiO 2 (s) + z H 2 O (R1) MgO (s) + CO 2 => MgCO 3 (s) (R2)

21 21 Mine Water The Existing Problem To be Solved And we do not need the more in future

22 22 Final Targets Development of background for construction of distributed system of energy and hydrogen production from coal, combined with European distributed system of carbon dioxide sequestration using synergy with other methods of hydrogen production

23 23 Partners from non EU Countries have been invited for participation US RF China Japan

24 24 TOK

25 25 R&D Centre of Separation Technologies for Hydrogen Economy Needs Sources of the funds: Marie Curie Transfer of Knowledge Coordinated Action US DOE and US EPA open solicitations European Capital Venture Private/Public Partnership

26 26 Production of Hydrogen and Electricity from Coal Division of Component Costs Conventional Gasification TechnologyHydrogen Separation Membrane Reactor Data for diagrams taken from “Production of Hydrogen and Electricity from Coal with CO2 Capture” by T.G. Kreutz et al..http://www.princeton.edu/~cmi/research/Kyoto02/Kreutz%20Kyoto%2002.pdf

27 27 Coke - oven gas as a model gas mixture for development of advanced, low cost separation - cleaning technologies

28 28

29 29 Hydrogen as FRIENDLY SAFE and PROFITABLE material and energy carrier

30 30 Hydrogen as a reagent for hazardous waste treatment - dioxin free alternative to incinerators ( EcoSteel ) Bio-mimetic Process of Hydrogen Generation from Biomass Hydrogen as energy source for biological methods of value recovery ( metal and clean water) from mine water drainage Innovative Concepts

31 31 EcoSteel RESEARCH PROGRAMME OF THE RESEARCH FUND FOR COAL AND STEEL (CALL 2004)

32 32 Bio-mimetic Process of Hydrogen Generation from Biomass A. Brune, TIBITECH January 1998 (VOL 16)

33 33

34 34 Welcome to Cooperation Rogut Jan Central Mining Institute Plac Gwarkow Katowice Poland (+48) (+48) Thanks for Attention


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