Presentation on theme: "Prof. Dubiński Józef Central Mining Institute Katowice, POLAND"— Presentation transcript:
1 Prof. Dubiński JózefCentral Mining InstituteKatowice, POLANDE N E R G YGreen energy from coal as important element of long term energy security of supply for Europe
2 ASSUMPTIONSClimate change is a serious threat that will have significant impact worldwide, including Europe.Emission of carbon dioxide CO2 of EU countriesis annually about Mt and one half isconnected with power generation.Therefore emission, especially those ofgreenhouse gases, must to be reduced.Assuming energy dependency on fossil fuels,the development and deployment of clean fossilfuel technologies will be a critical issue in thetransition to a sustainable energy future.
3 Coal reserves showing regional shares (at end of 2003) North America 26,0%South and Central America - 2,0%Europe - 12,4%Former Soviet Union- 23,6%Africa- 6,0%Australia - 9,3%Asia 9,1%China - 11,6%
4 Global structure of the reserves of basic fossil carriers of primary energy, % [ in re-count on toe] Oil 15,2%Gas 14,8%Hard coal & lignite70%
5 Reserves sufficiency of basic fossil carriers of energy
6 COAL FACTSCoal is mined commercially in over 50 countries and is used in over 70.Coal plays a vital role in power generation – currently fuels 39% of the world’s electricity and this proportion is expected to remain at similar levels over the next 30 years.The world currently consumes over 4 050 Mt of coal.Much of global coal production is used in the country inwhich it was produced, only around 18% of hardcoal production is destined for the international coalmarket.Global coal production is expected to reach Mtin Steam coal production is projected to havereached around Mt ; coking coal 624 Mt ; andbrown coal Mt .
7 Production and consumption of coal in the EU countries, 2003 CountryProduction, [Mt}Consumption, [Mt]Hard coalLignite1.Germany28,75179,1063,472Poland102,8760,9085,3160,873Greece-68,300,754Czech Rep.13,6050,309,215Great Britain28,2359,836Estonia14,77Spain9,4112,030,968Hungary0,7113,41,439Slovenia4,904,8310Slovakia3,104,9511France1,7318,2912Belgium0,158,5413Austria1,33,96
8 Production and consumption of coal in the EU countries, 2003 CountryProduction, [Mt}Consumption, [Mt]Hard coalLignite14Italy-20,5615Netherlands14,1216Finland11,0317Denmark9,3518Portugal5,3419Sweden3,0420Ireland3,0021Luxemburg0,1122Latvia0,2023Lithuania0,5024Cypr25MaltaTotal :185,45407,93351,45
9 EU countries are serious consumer of coal : Hard coal 351,45 MtLignite 407,93 MtTotal : 759,38 MtImport of hard coal : 165 MtImport dependency for energy sources (gas, oil, coal) of EU countries is about 50% now and is expected to increase up to 70% in 2030Source : IEA, 2004
10 Coal resources in EU countries CountryResources, MtHard coalLigniteGermany56 00077 600Poland45 38013 860Czech Republic8 5009 500Great Britain1 000-Spain4 20080France99Austria30,5Greece6 500Hungary9 030Slovakia698Source : EU Energy and Transport in Figures, Eirostat, 2003Source : IEA, 2004
11 Positive attributes of coal Coal reserves are very large and will be available for the foreseeable future without raising geopolitical or safety issues.Coal is readily available from a wide variety of sources in a well-supplied world market.Coal can be easily stored at power stations and stocks can be drawn on in emergencies.Coal – based power is not dependent on the weather and can be used as a backup for wind and hydropower.Coal does not need high pressure pipelines or dedicated supply routes.Coal supply routes do not need to be protected at enormous expense.
12 Negative attributes of coal Coal mining can a significant impact on the environment(land disturbances, subsidence, water pollution, dust and noisepollution, ect.).Coal combustion releases emission of such pollutants as :- oxides of sulphur and nitrogen (SOX and NOX),- trace elements, such as mercury.Impact of coal using on the global warming effect- methane CH4 from coal mines(Methane is a potent greenhouse gas – it is estimated toaccount for 18% of the overall global warming effect arisingfrom human activities)- carbon dioxide CO2 emissions from coal combustion when coalis used in electricity generation or industrial processes(CO2 contribution in the overall global warming effect arisingfrom human activities is estimated to contribute 50%).
13 Major sources of methane emissions %Livestock32Oil and natural gas16Solid waste13Rice11Waste water10OtherCoal8Source : IEA, 2004
14 Major sources of CO2 emissions Transport (cars)AgricultureSources : Hydrocarbons combustionWater evaporation81%Sources : Coal combustion19%Source : IEA, 2004
15 CO2 emission from fossil fuels %Oil41Gas21Coal38Source : IEA, 2004
16 Structure of gas emission during coal combustion Carbon dioxide CO2 55%Methane CH %Nitrogen oxides NOX 6%Others %
17 Green coal means that majority or whole carbon dioxide CO2 rising during using of coal (electricity generation or industrial processes) should be separated and sequestreted.Technological Response is necessaryEuropean Technological Platform for Zero Emission FossilFuel Power Generation (ETP ZEFFPP)- Advisory Council is established and several working meetings have taken place,Vision Paper (VP) has been elaboratedKey outputs of the ETP will be :1. Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) – the way forward forEurope in this area for the immediate timeframe and outto 2030+,2. Deployment Strategy (DS) – how the technology willbe deployed into the market place.
18 THE KEY PROBLEMS OF ZERO EMISSION FOSSIL FUEL POWER GENERATION Significant enhancement of the efficiency of the conversionprocess from fuel to electricity (including Clean Coal Technologies)- increase of maximum process temperatures for established processes,- improvement of components,- development of new processes and systems.CO2 Capture and Storage – technology for future- cost effective CO2 capture including incorporation into powergeneration cycles,- safe and reliable CO2 transportation infrastructure,- safe and reliable use and storage of CO2.A joint critical mass research, development, demonstration and deployment program of industry, science within the EU should open up the opportunity for Europe to take a lead in clean fossil energy.
19 acronim: „ Fossil Energy Coalition” F E N C O ERA – NETacronim: „ Fossil Energy Coalition”Title of project „Promotion of an Integrated European and National R&D Initiative for Fossil Energy Technologies towards Zero Emission Power Plant16 partners and subcontractors.The initiative group of FENCO ERA - NET :- Forschungszentrum Jülich – Germany – co-ordinator- Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit – Germany- Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) – Great Britain- Future Energy Solution – Great BritainProject is scheduled for 4 yearsStart : July 2005
20 Thank you for attention Prof. Dubiński JózefCentral Mining InstituteKatowice, POLANDThank you for attention