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Prof. Dubiński Józef Central Mining Institute Katowice, POLAND

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Presentation on theme: "Prof. Dubiński Józef Central Mining Institute Katowice, POLAND"— Presentation transcript:

1 Prof. Dubiński Józef Central Mining Institute Katowice, POLAND E N E R G Y Green energy from coal as important element of long term energy security of supply for Europe

2 ASSUMPTIONS Climate change is a serious threat that will have significant impact worldwide, including Europe. Emission of carbon dioxide CO2 of EU countries is annually about Mt and one half is connected with power generation. Therefore emission, especially those of greenhouse gases, must to be reduced. Assuming energy dependency on fossil fuels, the development and deployment of clean fossil fuel technologies will be a critical issue in the transition to a sustainable energy future.

3 Coal reserves showing regional shares (at end of 2003)
North America 26,0% South and Central America - 2,0% Europe - 12,4% Former Soviet Union- 23,6% Africa- 6,0% Australia - 9,3% Asia 9,1% China - 11,6%

4 Global structure of the reserves of basic fossil carriers of primary energy, % [ in re-count on toe]
Oil 15,2% Gas 14,8% Hard coal & lignite 70%

5 Reserves sufficiency of basic fossil carriers of energy

6 COAL FACTS Coal is mined commercially in over 50 countries and is used in over 70. Coal plays a vital role in power generation – currently fuels 39% of the world’s electricity and this proportion is expected to remain at similar levels over the next 30 years. The world currently consumes over 4 050 Mt of coal. Much of global coal production is used in the country in which it was produced, only around 18% of hard coal production is destined for the international coal market. Global coal production is expected to reach Mt in Steam coal production is projected to have reached around Mt ; coking coal 624 Mt ; and brown coal Mt .

7 Production and consumption of coal in the EU countries, 2003
Country Production, [Mt} Consumption, [Mt] Hard coal Lignite 1. Germany 28,75 179,10 63,47 2 Poland 102,87 60,90 85,31 60,87 3 Greece - 68,30 0,75 4 Czech Rep. 13,60 50,30 9,21 5 Great Britain 28,23 59,83 6 Estonia 14,7 7 Spain 9,41 12,0 30,96 8 Hungary 0,71 13,4 1,43 9 Slovenia 4,90 4,83 10 Slovakia 3,10 4,95 11 France 1,73 18,29 12 Belgium 0,15 8,54 13 Austria 1,3 3,96

8 Production and consumption of coal in the EU countries, 2003
Country Production, [Mt} Consumption, [Mt] Hard coal Lignite 14 Italy - 20,56 15 Netherlands 14,12 16 Finland 11,03 17 Denmark 9,35 18 Portugal 5,34 19 Sweden 3,04 20 Ireland 3,00 21 Luxemburg 0,11 22 Latvia 0,20 23 Lithuania 0,50 24 Cypr 25 Malta Total : 185,45 407,93 351,45

9 EU countries are serious consumer of coal :
Hard coal 351,45 Mt Lignite 407,93 Mt Total : 759,38 Mt Import of hard coal : 165 Mt Import dependency for energy sources (gas, oil, coal) of EU countries is about 50% now and is expected to increase up to 70% in 2030 Source : IEA, 2004

10 Coal resources in EU countries
Country Resources, Mt Hard coal Lignite Germany 56 000 77 600 Poland 45 380 13 860 Czech Republic 8 500 9 500 Great Britain 1 000 - Spain 4 200 80 France 99 Austria 30,5 Greece 6 500 Hungary 9 030 Slovakia 698 Source : EU Energy and Transport in Figures, Eirostat, 2003 Source : IEA, 2004

11 Positive attributes of coal
Coal reserves are very large and will be available for the foreseeable future without raising geopolitical or safety issues. Coal is readily available from a wide variety of sources in a well-supplied world market. Coal can be easily stored at power stations and stocks can be drawn on in emergencies. Coal – based power is not dependent on the weather and can be used as a backup for wind and hydropower. Coal does not need high pressure pipelines or dedicated supply routes. Coal supply routes do not need to be protected at enormous expense.

12 Negative attributes of coal
Coal mining can a significant impact on the environment (land disturbances, subsidence, water pollution, dust and noise pollution, ect.). Coal combustion releases emission of such pollutants as : - oxides of sulphur and nitrogen (SOX and NOX), - trace elements, such as mercury. Impact of coal using on the global warming effect - methane CH4 from coal mines (Methane is a potent greenhouse gas – it is estimated to account for 18% of the overall global warming effect arising from human activities) - carbon dioxide CO2 emissions from coal combustion when coal is used in electricity generation or industrial processes (CO2 contribution in the overall global warming effect arising from human activities is estimated to contribute 50%).

13 Major sources of methane emissions
% Livestock 32 Oil and natural gas 16 Solid waste 13 Rice 11 Waste water 10 Other Coal 8 Source : IEA, 2004

14 Major sources of CO2 emissions
Transport (cars) Agriculture Sources : Hydrocarbons combustion Water evaporation 81% Sources : Coal combustion 19% Source : IEA, 2004

15 CO2 emission from fossil fuels
% Oil 41 Gas 21 Coal 38 Source : IEA, 2004

16 Structure of gas emission during coal combustion
Carbon dioxide CO2 55% Methane CH % Nitrogen oxides NOX 6% Others %

17 Green coal means that majority or whole carbon dioxide CO2 rising during using
of coal (electricity generation or industrial processes) should be separated and sequestreted. Technological Response is necessary European Technological Platform for Zero Emission Fossil Fuel Power Generation (ETP ZEFFPP) - Advisory Council is established and several working meetings have taken place, Vision Paper (VP) has been elaborated Key outputs of the ETP will be : 1. Strategic Research Agenda (SRA) – the way forward for Europe in this area for the immediate timeframe and out to 2030+, 2. Deployment Strategy (DS) – how the technology will be deployed into the market place.

Significant enhancement of the efficiency of the conversion process from fuel to electricity (including Clean Coal Technologies) - increase of maximum process temperatures for established processes, - improvement of components, - development of new processes and systems. CO2 Capture and Storage – technology for future - cost effective CO2 capture including incorporation into power generation cycles, - safe and reliable CO2 transportation infrastructure, - safe and reliable use and storage of CO2. A joint critical mass research, development, demonstration and deployment program of industry, science within the EU should open up the opportunity for Europe to take a lead in clean fossil energy.

19 acronim: „ Fossil Energy Coalition”
F E N C O ERA – NET acronim: „ Fossil Energy Coalition” Title of project „Promotion of an Integrated European and National R&D Initiative for Fossil Energy Technologies towards Zero Emission Power Plant 16 partners and subcontractors. The initiative group of FENCO ERA - NET : - Forschungszentrum Jülich – Germany – co-ordinator - Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Arbeit – Germany - Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) – Great Britain - Future Energy Solution – Great Britain Project is scheduled for 4 years Start : July 2005

20 Thank you for attention
Prof. Dubiński Józef Central Mining Institute Katowice, POLAND Thank you for attention

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