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„Energy from Chemical Fuels“ EEC 2012, Katowice Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb, KITCC Germany.

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Presentation on theme: "„Energy from Chemical Fuels“ EEC 2012, Katowice Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb, KITCC Germany."— Presentation transcript:

1 „Energy from Chemical Fuels“ EEC 2012, Katowice Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb, KITCC Germany

2 KIC InnoEnergy / Energy from Chemical Fuels / Speaker: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb What are Chemical Fuels? 2 Chemical Fuels / Chemical Energy Carriers, CEC: substances with chemical enthaly content produced for transport, storage and use in energy conversion systems produced from fossil and biogenic energy resources i.e. low rank / quality fuels or synthesysed from chemical substances

3 KIC InnoEnergy / Energy from Chemical Fuels / Speaker: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb Energy from Chemical Fuels - field of operation utilization power heat mobility chemical fuel conversion upgrading electr. therm. energy conversion chem. subst. chemical fuel storage furnace engine turbine power plant fuel cell trans- port energy resources

4 KIC InnoEnergy / Energy from Chemical Fuels / Speaker: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb utilization power heat mobility chemical fuel electr. therm. energy conversion chemical fuel storage furnace engine turbine power plant fuel cell crude oil nat gas coal biomass diesel DME SNG pellets examples trans- port energy resources chem. subst. conversion upgrading Energy from Chemical Fuels - field of operation

5 KIC InnoEnergy / Energy from Chemical Fuels / Speaker: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb 5 Challenges CO 2 -reduction ! fuel resources ? RES integration  supply / demand gap ! Answers Chemical Fuels process efficiency fuel / load / product flexibility storage biomass Energy from Chemical Fuels - Strategy SET Plan

6 KIC InnoEnergy / Energy from Chemical Fuels / Speaker: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb Potential of Gasification Quelle: IPCC Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage, 2005

7 Expanded technology initiative areas. All important but with varying time for implementation and winning business case The initial areas 1.Wind 2.PV/CSP 3.Bioenergy 4.Smart Grids 5.Energy Storage 6.Smart energy efficient buildings and cities 7.Advanced Nuclear 8.Clean Coal Further promising areas 9.Hydro 10.Geothermal 11.Marine 12.Combined heat and power 13.Advanced Fossil 14.Energy efficiency in industrial applications 15.Fusion 16.Fuel Cells and hydrogen EEC, | Dr. M Callavik by Magnus Callavik, KIC

8 KIC InnoEnergy / Energy from Chemical Fuels / Speaker: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb Innovation Projects Energy from Chemical Fuels 8 AkronymTitle 1 DeBugger Demonstration of efficient Biomass Use for Generation of Green Energy and Recovery of Nutrients 2 Demitar Development and market implementation of PID and FID tar analyzers 3 SNG Demonstration of improved catalysts and reactor designs for the production of SNG from biomass via gasification + SNG for smart gas grids 4 Fuel Flex Fuel flexible combustion systems for liquid and gaseous bio fuels 5 Syncon Novel synthesis process concepts for efficient chemicals / fuel production from biomass 6 Upgrad Upgrading of low-rank biogenic feedstock for heat and power production via combustion and gasification 7 xGaTe Extended Gasifier Technologies Status

9 Engler-Bunte Institute, Fuel Technology Institute for Technical Chemistry, Gasification Technology DVGW Research Station, Gas Technology 9 Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb | INFUB - 9, Estoril, Portugal, April 2011 Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb │ INFUB 2011, Estoril, Portugal, April 2011

10 „Chemical Storage“ EEC 2012, Katowice Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb, KITCC Germany

11 KIC InnoEnergy / Energy from Chemical Fuels / Speaker: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb What are Chemical Fuels good for? 11 Chemical Fuels / Chemical Energy Carriers, CEC: are produced / designed for: energy storage energy transport energy conversion in systems with high energy efficiency

12 KIC InnoEnergy / Energy from Chemical Fuels / Speaker: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb Power Storage – Energy Density MJ/kg MJ/l Hydrogen Methane TNT Air (300 bar, isothern) Blei-Säure-Akku Lithium-Ionen-Akku Alkali-Mangan-Battery NiMH Akku Zink-Air-Battery Ethanol CNG (200 bar) LNG Gasoline Crude Diesel Graphite Hydrogen (liquid) Hydrogen (700 bar)

13 KIC InnoEnergy / Energy from Chemical Fuels / Speaker: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb 1ltr gasoline 10 9 m³ n NG Power Storage - Options

14 KIC InnoEnergy / Energy from Chemical Fuels / Speaker: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb Storage of Gaseous Chemical Energy Carriers Storage Capacity SNG from RES demand 2050: 16TWh NG infra: 330 TWh chem PHS TWh G er m a n y

15 KIC InnoEnergy / Energy from Chemical Fuels / Speaker: Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb Transport of Gaseous Chemical Energy Carriers Transport Capacity 120 bars / 1400 mm 50*10 9 m n ³/a 70 GW chem 1 high voltage AC power cable <1 GW

16 16 Engler-Bunte-Institut, EBI-ceb Institut für Technische Chemie, Vergasungstechnologie DVGW Forschungsstelle am EBI, GastechnologieI Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb bioliq ® BtL process at KIT

17 17 Engler-Bunte-Institut, EBI-ceb Institut für Technische Chemie, Vergasungstechnologie DVGW Forschungsstelle am EBI, GastechnologieI Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Kolb bioliq ® BtL process at KIT


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