2A Nation DividedBy 1860, the U.S. was clearly divided between Northern & Southern states, with both sides willing to fight for what they believed in.
3Republican PartyThe Republican Party was formed in 1854 with the goal of stopping the western spread of slavery.Republicans also supported higher tariffs that would benefit American industry.Tariff: A tax placed on imported or exported goods
4Democratic PartyMost Texans were Democrats who feared that Republicans would destroy the Southern economy that depended on slavery & foreign trade.
5States’ RightsSouthern Democrats also argued that the U.S. government should not have the power to decide whether to allow slavery in the states.Northern Republicans argued that U.S. laws, such as those forbidding slavery, applied to all states.
6Election of 1860Southern states threatened to secede from the U.S. if a Republican became President in the election.
7Abraham LincolnIn the 1860 election, most Texans voted for Democrat John Breckinridge. Not 1 Texan voted for Republican Abraham Lincoln.Nevertheless, Abraham Lincoln won the election & became the 16th President of the U.S.
8Southern States Secede Soon after the election, South Carolina became the 1st state to secede from the U.S.Within 6 weeks, 5 more Southern states seceded & united to form the Confederate States of America.
9Secession Convention of Texas On January 28, 1861, Texas delegates voted 166 to 8 for Secession from the U.S.Very few Texan citizens voted against this move.
10New ConstitutionTexas changed its Constitution from that of the U.S. to the “Confederate States of America.”The new Constitution of 1861 defended states’ rights & slavery.
11Sam HoustonSam Houston stepped down as Governor of Texas as a result of Texas’ vote for secession.He left Austin & settled in his “steamboat house” in Huntsville. He died there on July 26, 1863.