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Republican Rule in the South Click the mouse button to display the information. By 1870 all former Confederate states had rejoined the Union.  During.

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Presentation on theme: "Republican Rule in the South Click the mouse button to display the information. By 1870 all former Confederate states had rejoined the Union.  During."— Presentation transcript:

1 Republican Rule in the South Click the mouse button to display the information. By 1870 all former Confederate states had rejoined the Union.  During Reconstruction, many Northerners moved to the South.  Many were elected or appointed to positions in the state governments.  Southerners referred to these Northerners as carpetbaggers because some brought suitcases made of carpet fabric.

2 Many Southerners viewed the Northerners as intruders who wanted to gain from the South’s postwar troubles.  Southerners also disliked scalawags– white Southerners who worked with the Republicans and supported Reconstruction. Republican Rule in the South (cont.) Click the mouse button to display the information.

3 Thousands of formerly enslaved people took part in governing the South.  They were delegates to state conventions, local officials, and state and federal legislators.  Hiram Revels became the first African American in the United States Senate. Republican Rule in the South (cont.) Click the mouse button to display the information.

4 The Republican Party became powerful in the South and started many major reforms.  The reforms included repealing the black codes, establishing state hospitals, and rebuilding roads and railways damaged during the Civil War.  To pay for Republican reforms, many Southern state governments borrowed money and imposed high property taxes. Republican Rule in the South (cont.) Click the mouse button to display the information.

5 Some Republicans in the South were corrupt.  Republican Rule in the South (cont.) Graft, or getting money illegally through politics, was common in the South. Click the mouse button to display the information.

6 What kinds of reforms did the Republican Party institute in the South? The reforms included repealing the black codes; establishing state hospitals and institutions; and rebuilding roads, railways, and bridges. Click the mouse button to display the answer. Republican Rule in the South (cont.)

7 African American Communities Click the mouse button to display the information. Many formerly enslaved African Americans attended schools in the South during Reconstruction.  By 1876 about 40 percent of all African American children attended school in the region.  African Americans in the South established churches, which served as centers of many African American communities.

8 How did African Americans work to improve their lives during Reconstruction? They worked to gain an education, and they established their own churches and social organizations to help and support one another. Click the mouse button to display the answer. African American Communities (cont.)

9 Southern Resistance Click the mouse button to display the information. Many Southern whites resented African Americans and the “Black Republican” governments.  Some Southerners organized secret societies such as the Ku Klux Klan to undermine the Republican rule.

10 Klan members terrorized supporters of the Republican governments, including African Americans, white Republicans, carpetbaggers, teachers in African American schools, and others who supported the Republican governments and equality for African Americans.  In 1870 and 1871, Congress passed three Enforcement Acts to end the violence in the South, one of which made the activities of the Ku Klux Klan illegal. Southern Resistance (cont.) Click the mouse button to display the information.

11 What kinds of people did the Ku Klux Klan target for intimidation? The Ku Klux Klan targeted African Americans, white Republicans, carpetbaggers, teachers in African American schools, and others who supported the Republican governments and equality for African Americans. Click the mouse button to display the answer. Southern Resistance (cont.)

12 The Troubled Grant Administration Click the mouse button to display the information. Ulysses S. Grant had little political experience.  He believed his only role as president was to carry out the laws.  He let Congress develop policy.  This left the president weak and ineffective, and it helped divide the Republican Party and undermined public support for Reconstruction.

13 Democrats attacked the Republican economic policies, saying that the policies benefited wealthy Americans at the expense of the poor.  Liberal Republicans agreed with the Democrats and left the Republican Party in  The Liberal Republicans and the Democratic Party nominated the influential newspaper publisher Horace Greeley for president. Click the mouse button to display the information. (cont.) The Troubled Grant Administration

14 Grant, the Republican candidate, won the election of  Grant’s second term of office was badly hurt by a series of scandals. Grant’s secretary of war, William Belknap, accepted bribes from merchants operating at Western army posts. Click the mouse button to display the information. (cont.) The Troubled Grant Administration

15 In 1875 the “Whiskey Ring” scandal involved a group of government officials, possibly including Grant’s private secretary, and distillers in St. Louis who cheated the government by filing false tax reports.  The Panic of 1873 caused many smaller banks to close and the stock market to fall. Thousands of businesses closed and tens of thousands of Americans became unemployed. Click the mouse button to display the information. (cont.) The Troubled Grant Administration

16 In 1874 Democrats won control of the House of Representatives and gained seats in the Senate. (cont.) The Troubled Grant Administration

17 What two factors hurt the Republican Party during Grant’s administration? The scandals in the Grant administration and the deepening economic depression hurt the Republican Party. Click the mouse button to display the answer. (cont.) The Troubled Grant Administration

18 During the 1870s, Democrats worked to regain control of state and local governments from the Republicans.  Southern Democrats defined the elections as a struggle between whites and African Americans.  By 1876 the Democrats had control of most Southern state legislatures. Reconstruction Ends Click the mouse button to display the information.

19 The Republican candidate in the election of 1876 was Rutherford B. Hayes.  Hayes wanted to end Radical Reconstruction.  The Democratic candidate was Samuel Tilden, the former governor of New York.  Neither candidate won a majority of electoral votes.  There was so much election fraud that it was hard to tell who had won. Click the mouse button to display the information. Reconstruction Ends (cont.)

20 Congress worked out the Compromise of 1877, in which Hayes became president.  It is believed that to get Southern Democrats in Congress to agree to Hayes as president, the compromise included the promise by the Republicans to pull federal troops out of the South. Click the mouse button to display the information. Reconstruction Ends (cont.)

21 Hayes pulled federal troops out of the South.  This ended Republican governments and Reconstruction in the South. Click the mouse button to display the information. Reconstruction Ends (cont.)

22 How did Democrats “save” the South from Republican rule? Democrats worked to regain control of state and local governments from the Republicans. Southern Democrats defined the elections as a struggle between whites and African Americans. It is believed that to get Southern Democrats in Congress to agree to Hayes as president, the Compromise of 1877 included the promise by the Republicans to pull federal troops out of the South. This ended Republican governments and Reconstruction in the South. Click the mouse button to display the answer. Reconstruction Ends (cont.)

23 A “New South” Arises Click the mouse button to display the information. President Hayes wanted to put an end to the nation’s regional differences.  Many Southerners wanted a “New South” with a strong industrial economy.  An alliance between Southerners and Northern financiers brought great economic changes to parts of the South.  Capital from Northerners built railroads and dozens of new industries.

24 Many parts of the South still based their economies on agriculture.  Most African Americans had little political power and worked under difficult and unfair conditions.  After Reconstruction ended, African Americans returned to plantations owned by whites, where they worked for wages or became tenant farmers, paying rent for the land they farmed. A “New South” Arises (cont.) Click the mouse button to display the information.

25 Most tenant farmers ended up becoming sharecroppers.  They paid a share of their crops to cover their rent and farming costs.  Although sharecropping allowed African American farmers to control their own work schedule and working conditions, it also trapped them in poverty because they could not make enough money to pay off their debts and buy their own land. Click the mouse button to display the information. A “New South” Arises (cont.)

26 Why did many Southerners want a “New South”? They realized that the South could never return to the pre-Civil War agricultural economy. Instead they were convinced that the region had to develop a strong industrial economy. Click the mouse button to display the answer. A “New South” Arises (cont.)


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