5List all that you seeWhat is this a map of?Who were the candidates?What do each of the numbers in the state represent?Who won?
6Warren G. HardingAmericans wanted to return to the “good old days” before WWIRepublican Warren G. Harding VS. Democrat James M. CoxHarding’s campaign slogan: “return to normalcy”Warren G. Harding wins in a landslide and becomes president
7Key Domestic Policies Limited role of government: Remove government regulations of businessesReturn to laissez faire policiesLimited immigrationThe Emergency Quota ActLimited immigration from Europe
8Key Foreign Policies Isolationism Keep U.S. out of League of Nations Washington Naval ConferenceNations agreed to disarmProtect U.S. BusinessesFordney–McCumber TariffRaised taxes on imports to 60%Protected American businesses
9Key Event: Scandal Plagues Harding “The Ohio Gang”Corrupt friends of Harding’s cabinet who used their offices to become wealthy through graft“The Teapot Dome” ScandalAlbert Fall secretly leased government land to private oil companies. He received $400,000.
10LegacyDied suddenly in 1923A good-natured President who’s administration was plagued with corruption.“I have no trouble with my enemies…But my…friends, they’re the ones that keep me walking the floor nights!”
12Calvin Coolidge Became President after Harding’s death 1924 won presidency –“Keep Cool with Coolidge”
13Key Domestic Policies Weed out the “Ohio Gang” Pro-business policies Kept most of Harding’s cabinet except “Ohio Gang”Pro-business policiesKeep taxes down & business profits upGive businesses credit to expandLaissez-faire
14Key Event: Support of Big Business His pro-business policies helped the nation enjoy a period of prosperity.Between the output of industry nearly doubled“The Roaring ’20’s”
15Key Foreign Policies“Coolidge arrived in the presidency without experience in foreign affairs,...he came to office with less preparation to handle matters of foreign policy than any of his presidential predecessors in the twentieth century.”Prevent WarKellogg-Briand PactRenounces war as a national policy and parties agree to peaceful means of international differencesThe Dawes PlanLoaned Germany $2.5 billion to pay back France & Britain
16LegacyDemands of the Presidency was so great he refused the Republican nomination in 1928Helped restore peoples faith in their government and the Republican party.
17Herbert HooverWon election of 1928 against Alfred E. Smith (Democrat)Believed in “rugged individualism”; the idea that people should succeed through their own efforts.“We in America are nearer the final triumph over poverty than ever before.”
18Key Domestic PoliciesPro-business, conservative, belief in the individual, advocate of small federal governmentGlass-Steagall Act (February 1932).This measure changed Federal Reserve and gold reserve policies as a means to loosen credit.Reconstruction Finance CorporationLent up to $2 billion to large businesses and companies."pump-priming" was created on the idea that by giving money to the businesses, the businesses would then give the money to their employees and would then end the Great Depression.
19Key Foreign Policies Hawley-Smoot Tariff: (June 1930). highest protective tariff measure in U.S. history."Good Neighbor" Policyreduce American political and military interference in Latin American affairs.In sum, he pledged that the United States would act as a "good neighbor."
20Key Event: Stock Market Crashes 6 months after election the stock market crashed = worst depression in American History
21LegacyAt the end of his administration, the formerly confident Hoover was a beaten man. He had been overwhelmingly defeated at the polls, unemployment continued to soar and the nation was stilled by a major bank crisis. As he waited for Franklin Roosevelt to take office, Hoover was tired, bitter and out of ideas.