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Republican Leadership in the 1920’s Complete RSG 12.3 The Business of America NO TALKING AFTER THE BELL! Due in 10 minutes!!!

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Presentation on theme: "Republican Leadership in the 1920’s Complete RSG 12.3 The Business of America NO TALKING AFTER THE BELL! Due in 10 minutes!!!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Republican Leadership in the 1920’s Complete RSG 12.3 The Business of America NO TALKING AFTER THE BELL! Due in 10 minutes!!!

2 CA Standard Discuss the policies of Presidents Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover. Discuss the policies of Presidents Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover.

3 Objective Students will be able to discuss the policies of Presidents Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover by analyzing political cartoons. Students will be able to discuss the policies of Presidents Warren Harding, Calvin Coolidge, and Herbert Hoover by analyzing political cartoons.

4 Video Clip: Three Republican Presidents

5 List all that you see List all that you see What is this a map of? What is this a map of? Who were the candidates? Who were the candidates? What do each of the numbers in the state represent? What do each of the numbers in the state represent? Who won? Who won?

6 Warren G. Harding Americans wanted to return to the “good old days” before WWI Americans wanted to return to the “good old days” before WWI Republican Warren G. Harding VS. Democrat James M. Cox Republican Warren G. Harding VS. Democrat James M. Cox Harding’s campaign slogan: “return to normalcy” Harding’s campaign slogan: “return to normalcy” Warren G. Harding wins in a landslide and becomes president Warren G. Harding wins in a landslide and becomes president

7 Key Domestic Policies  Limited role of government: Remove government regulations of businesses Remove government regulations of businesses Return to laissez faire policies Return to laissez faire policies Limited immigration Limited immigration The Emergency Quota Act The Emergency Quota Act Limited immigration from Europe Limited immigration from Europe

8 Key Foreign Policies Isolationism Isolationism Keep U.S. out of League of Nations Keep U.S. out of League of Nations Washington Naval Conference Washington Naval Conference Nations agreed to disarm Nations agreed to disarm Protect U.S. Businesses Protect U.S. Businesses Fordney–McCumber Tariff Fordney–McCumber Tariff Raised taxes on imports to 60% Raised taxes on imports to 60% Protected American businesses Protected American businesses

9 Key Event: Scandal Plagues Harding “The Ohio Gang” “The Ohio Gang” Corrupt friends of Harding’s cabinet who used their offices to become wealthy through graft Corrupt friends of Harding’s cabinet who used their offices to become wealthy through graft “The Teapot Dome” Scandal “The Teapot Dome” Scandal Albert Fall secretly leased government land to private oil companies. He received $400,000. Albert Fall secretly leased government land to private oil companies. He received $400,000.

10 Legacy Died suddenly in 1923 Died suddenly in 1923 A good-natured President who’s administration was plagued with corruption. A good-natured President who’s administration was plagued with corruption. “I have no trouble with my enemies…But my…friends, they’re the ones that keep me walking the floor nights!” “I have no trouble with my enemies…But my…friends, they’re the ones that keep me walking the floor nights!”

11 Calvin Coolidge

12 Calvin Coolidge Became President after Harding’s death Became President after Harding’s death 1924 won presidency – 1924 won presidency – “Keep Cool with Coolidge” “Keep Cool with Coolidge”

13 Key Domestic Policies Weed out the “Ohio Gang” Weed out the “Ohio Gang” Kept most of Harding’s cabinet except “Ohio Gang” Kept most of Harding’s cabinet except “Ohio Gang” Pro-business policies Pro-business policies Keep taxes down & business profits up Keep taxes down & business profits up Give businesses credit to expand Give businesses credit to expand Laissez-faire Laissez-faire

14 Key Event: Support of Big Business His pro-business policies helped the nation enjoy a period of prosperity. His pro-business policies helped the nation enjoy a period of prosperity. Between the output of industry nearly doubled Between the output of industry nearly doubled “The Roaring ’20’s” “The Roaring ’20’s”

15 Key Foreign Policies “Coolidge arrived in the presidency without experience in foreign affairs,...he came to office with less preparation to handle matters of foreign policy than any of his presidential predecessors in the twentieth century.” “Coolidge arrived in the presidency without experience in foreign affairs,...he came to office with less preparation to handle matters of foreign policy than any of his presidential predecessors in the twentieth century.” Prevent War Prevent War Kellogg-Briand Pact Kellogg-Briand Pact Renounces war as a national policy and parties agree to peaceful means of international differences Renounces war as a national policy and parties agree to peaceful means of international differences The Dawes Plan The Dawes Plan Loaned Germany $2.5 billion to pay back France & Britain Loaned Germany $2.5 billion to pay back France & Britain

16 Legacy Demands of the Presidency was so great he refused the Republican nomination in 1928 Demands of the Presidency was so great he refused the Republican nomination in 1928 Helped restore peoples faith in their government and the Republican party. Helped restore peoples faith in their government and the Republican party.

17 Herbert Hoover Won election of 1928 against Alfred E. Smith (Democrat) Won election of 1928 against Alfred E. Smith (Democrat) Believed in “rugged individualism”; the idea that people should succeed through their own efforts. Believed in “rugged individualism”; the idea that people should succeed through their own efforts. “We in America are nearer the final triumph over poverty than ever before.” “We in America are nearer the final triumph over poverty than ever before.”

18 Key Domestic Policies  Pro-business, conservative, belief in the individual, advocate of small federal government Glass-Steagall Act (February 1932). Glass-Steagall Act (February 1932). This measure changed Federal Reserve and gold reserve policies as a means to loosen credit. This measure changed Federal Reserve and gold reserve policies as a means to loosen credit. Reconstruction Finance Corporation Reconstruction Finance Corporation Lent up to $2 billion to large businesses and companies. Lent up to $2 billion to large businesses and companies. "pump-priming" was created on the idea that by giving money to the businesses, the businesses would then give the money to their employees and would then end the Great Depression. "pump-priming" was created on the idea that by giving money to the businesses, the businesses would then give the money to their employees and would then end the Great Depression.

19 Key Foreign Policies Hawley-Smoot Tariff: (June 1930). Hawley-Smoot Tariff: (June 1930). highest protective tariff measure in U.S. history. highest protective tariff measure in U.S. history. "Good Neighbor" Policy "Good Neighbor" Policy reduce American political and military interference in Latin American affairs. reduce American political and military interference in Latin American affairs. In sum, he pledged that the United States would act as a "good neighbor." In sum, he pledged that the United States would act as a "good neighbor."

20 Key Event: Stock Market Crashes 6 months after election the stock market crashed = worst depression in American History 6 months after election the stock market crashed = worst depression in American History

21 Legacy At the end of his administration, the formerly confident Hoover was a beaten man. He had been overwhelmingly defeated at the polls, unemployment continued to soar and the nation was stilled by a major bank crisis. As he waited for Franklin Roosevelt to take office, Hoover was tired, bitter and out of ideas. At the end of his administration, the formerly confident Hoover was a beaten man. He had been overwhelmingly defeated at the polls, unemployment continued to soar and the nation was stilled by a major bank crisis. As he waited for Franklin Roosevelt to take office, Hoover was tired, bitter and out of ideas.

22 Political Cartoon Activity

23 What is the opinion of the cartoon? What is the opinion of the cartoon? What President does it relate to? What President does it relate to?

24 What is the opinion of the cartoon? What is the opinion of the cartoon? What President does it relate What President does it relate

25 What is the opinion of the cartoon? What is the opinion of the cartoon? What President does it relate What President does it relate

26 What is the opinion of the cartoon? What is the opinion of the cartoon? What President does it relate What President does it relate

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31 Presidential Speeches Harding, Coolidge, Hoover Presidential Speeches Harding, Coolidge, Hoover


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