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Human Environments Melbourne ‘An Urban Environment’

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1 Human Environments Melbourne ‘An Urban Environment’

2 GM10 Melbourne Topics of study this semester will include: 1.Urban Melbourne 2.Population and Poverty 3.Our local beaches Urban Melbourne In this topic we take a close look at our own city – Melbourne. We will... Investigate how the City of Melbourne has grown over time Find out why people chose to live in certain areas of the city Look at how immigration and the movement of people has impacted on our city and the way it looks today Identify some of the problems faced with living in a big city Think about ways to improve the quality of living conditions in an urban area

3 Population and Poverty In this topic we will be comparing different parts of the world to our own country. We will... Study the distribution of people in the world Find out which parts of the world are growing most rapidly and why Discover which parts of the world are richest and poorest Learn about the impacts of poverty on food, health and education Find out about ways to stop poverty and support a sustainable future GM10 Melbourne

4 Our local beaches We will conclude the unit by taking a look at our local beaches where we will... Study the physical characteristics of the coast Investigate how the coast has changed over time due to human interaction Find out about ways to sustainably enjoy our local beaches without destroying or polluting them GM10 Melbourne

5 Urban Melbourne Today, we will start this topic by identifying the major cities in Australia. Then we will take a closer look at our own city, Melbourne and begin to look at how the city has changed over time and is continuing to change. Task The sequence of slides following include the capital cities of Australia’s various states and territories. Try to identify each city. Write your answer down and see how many you get right. Don’t share your answers until the end.

6 City A

7 City B

8 City C

9 City D

10 City E

11 City F

12 City G

13 City H

14 Australian Capital Cities Map A Map B Map C Map D Map E Map F Map G Map H Sydney Adelaide Perth Brisbane Darwin Hobart Canberra Melbourne

15 GM10 Melbourne Task You next task is to start to think about Melbourne’s geographical position in the world. Try to describe Melbourne’s location as accurately as you can and in as much detail as possible. Use the internet to help you. Include as many of the following words in your description as you can: ‘located’, ‘distance from’, ‘Australia’, ‘south west’, ‘Adelaide’, ‘coast’, ‘Port Philip Bay’, ‘southern’, ‘Sydney’, ‘Tasmania’, ‘south eastern’, ‘Victoria’, ‘Yarra River’, N

16 GM10 Melbourne The City of Melbourne is located in southern Australia on the southern coast of the state of Victoria. Melbourne is situated on the northern edge of the natural harbour called ‘Port Philip Bay’. The city centre is positioned on the mouth of the Yarra River and extends inland predominantly to the north and east of the estuary, as well as extending south along the Mornington Peninsula. The distance from Melbourne to other nearby state capitals puts it approximately 963 km southwest of Sydney, New South Wales, 609 km north of Hobart, Tasmania, and 728 km southeast of Adelaide, South Australia. The latitudinal and longitudinal positional for Melbourne is 37°47’ S, 144°58’ E.

17 Longitude The vertical longitude lines are also known as meridians.longitude Degrees of longitude are numbered from 0° to 180° east and west. Latitude The horizontal latitude lines are also known as parallels.latitude Degrees of latitude are numbered from 0° to 90° north and south. Longitude and Latitude

18 Melbourne is a constantly expanding city. Although its population is relatively low, at less than 4 million people, the city covers a very large area (much larger than LA or New York). Task Open the textbook ‘Geography 2’. Turn to page 114. Look at the map at the top of page 115. This map shows the various stages of growth of the city. a)Your task is in three stages, using A4 plain paper for Stage 1. Copy/trace the map of Melbourne on page 114. Draw on only the land, major roads, rivers and some suburb names. b)Stage 2, on tracing paper, trace the urban growth for Before 1880, and 1880 – 1919, c)Stage 3, on another piece of tracing paper, trace the urban growth for 1920 – 1960, and After 1960. Urban growth

19 Urban growth patterns Task 1. Describe urban growth of the city for each time period. Use suburb names in your description to help explain direction of growth and amount of expansion. a)Before 1880 b)1880 – 1919 c)1920 – 1960 d)After 1960 2. Explain why you think that Melbourne has developed in this physical pattern. Include terms such as Port Philip Bay, coast, swampland, hills, Yarra River, flatland.

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