4 Summary Time: Late 80s School: Welton Academy Prep School Motto of the school: “Tradition, Honour, Discipline and Excellence.”Protagonist: Mr. Keating (A teacher teaching poetry and literature), Neil (A gifted boy under heavy parental control to study Medicine in college)
5 Welton: A traditional high school which parents send their child there for the preparation of entering the best college in the town.The new English teacher, Mr. Keating, who practice unorthodox pedagogy (in the eyes of Welton) to teach poetry and literature.He introduced the idea of “Carpe Diem” from Overture to a senior class.“Carpe Diem, seize the day, boys, make your lives extraordinary” – quotation from Mr. Keating.
7 Mr. Keating asks the students to rip off the section “Introduction to Poetry” in the book as that book prescribing literature in mathematical equations. (ridiculous)He also asks the student to stand up on the table: to see the world from different perspectives.
8 Inspired by Mr. Keating, a group of boys has organized an underground literary club, Dead Poems Society.They meet each other in a cave under the school grounds, they read out poems, sing, and play musical instruments there.
9 Because of “Carpe Diem” and the “Dead Poets Society” Because of “Carpe Diem” and the “Dead Poets Society”. Neil takes the courage to participate in a drama “A Midsummer Night’s Dream”, without the consent of his father.His father is so furious after knowing Neil has took part in the drama. He intends to enroll Neil to a military school to prepare him for Harvard University.
10 Because of unable to cope with the future, and make his father understands his feeling, Neil commits suicide.The headmaster of the school launches an investigation by the request of Neil’s parents.The headmaster forces the members of the society to sign a document blaming Mr. Keating abuses his authority, encourages the student to start the club, as well as teaches Neil to go against his parents.They all signed.
11 Keating is being fired after all the boys have signed on the document. Before he leaves, the student taught by Mr. Keating use a special way to farewell their teacher.DPS2
12 Character Analysis and the Philosophical Stances
13 Major characters John Keating teacher the boys' source of inspiration and encouragement.makes poetry "drip from [their] tongues like honey," using it as a medium to encourage his charges to strive for excellence and individuality.introduces his students the phrase, 'Carpe diem', a Latin expression that translates as 'Seize the day'.His teaching methodology is highly uncoventional and conflicts with Welton's four pillars: "Tradition, Honour, Discipline, Excellence".dismissed from his position at the end of the film, charged with causing Neil Perry to commit suicide.
14 Major characters Neil Perry a confident and popular student who excels in his studies.well-liked by both his peers and teachers and is a natural leader.Inspired by his passionate English teacher, Mr Keating, he reestablishes the 'Dead Poets Society'. This shows that he is prepared to challenge the school's authority.Neil's aspirations to become an actor are snuffed by his controlling father who refuses to give Neil any choice about his future. As a result, he commits suicide at the end of the film.
15 Major characters Mr Perry Neil's paternalistic and dominating father. He is determined that Neil will finish school at Welton and study medicine.To this end, he ensures that Neil is focussed and not distracted by unnecessary extra-curricular activities such as the school magazine.Mr Perry's refusal to support Neil's acting aspirations ultimately lead to Neil's death.
16 Major characters Charlie Dalton Rebellious, recalcitrant and reckless, attention-seekingthe most extraverted and daring of Welton's students.He resists the authority of the school and is ultimately expelled for refusing to sign the document condemning Mr Keating.Though he admires and respects Mr Keating, he takes Keating's principles too far and takes several imprudent risks.
17 Major characters Richard Cameron conforms totally with both the school's and his parents' expectations.to succeed academically and win the favour of his teachers, he is very compliant and is prepared to betray his friends in order to further his own interests.Cameron is responsible for the dismissal of Mr Keating as he selfishly accuses Keating of encouraging Neil to commit suicide
18 Major characters Mr. Nolan Stagnant old man Demanded in total control 4 traditional discipline prepare students for collegeNever think of the students themselves but spoon feed them the norm of the society
22 Idealism Idea + ideal Pursuit of ideal perfection / goals Though may not attain perfection, they can attain much when follow a noble standard of life.Knowledge – subjective ; latently appearAct according to introspection & intuition, but not norms E.g. Plato – reminiscenceIdealistic teacher: serves the role for facilitating the spiritual and intellectual development of students
23 Who aspires to Idealism? Mr. Keating?takes them out of the classroom to focus on the idea of carpe diem.he instructs his pupils to rip the introduction out of their bookslater he has the students stand on his desk in order to look at the world in a different way.
24 Who aspires to Idealism? Charlie Dalton?Inspired by Keating, the boys secretly revive a school literary club, the titular "Dead Poets Society," to which Keating had belonged, meeting in a cave in the school grounds.publishes an unauthorized article in the school newspaper, asserting that girls should be admitted to Welton.
25 Realism Objective knowledge Reality sensation + adaptation Practical understanding & acceptance (Deductive)Conform to social conventions better prepared for students’ futurePurpose of education under realism cultivate and develop the power of reasoning and making choices nothing should be in the way of the fulfillment of school’s primary role. (no challenge allowed)
26 Who aspires to Realism? Mr. Nolan? Reminded the students the highest standard of the institution Tradition, Honor, Discipline, and ExcellenceRejected the teaching method of Mr. Keating and further reinforced the four standardsInsisted on conservatism which acted as an against to individualism
27 Who aspires to Realism? Cameron? reluctant to tear out the pages from the textbook at Keating's requestreally worried about what the administration is likely to do about this mischievous breach of conduct.first to fink
28 PragmatismDown-to-earth approach emphasize practical application of ideas by testing them in human experience (interaction with the environment) for problem solvingDisregard any “impractical” make sense of the indeterminate & ever-changing worldPurpose of education under growth growth developing intelligence School would not promote anything harmful to students (whatever harmful means)
29 Who aspires to Pragmatism? Mr. Perry?Intends to send his son to military school to prepare him for Harvard University and a career in medicine.a stern person who believes what he says is exactly what will happen
45 Let me remind you all…Low birth rate; the only child in the family. -> Putting all the attention to the child.Parents are called “Watchdog Parents” as they exert control on every move of their child.Strong protection on their child, helping them to make every decision in their lives. . = Neil’s ParentsInfluence from the Asia-Pacific education culture + situating in a Knowledge-Based society = Strong Pressure on their child to achieve excellent results. = School Motto of WeltonGetting As in public examinations = GOOD STUDENTS.
48 Common Practice in Hong Kong: Striving for the best in the academic fields, equip students as many skills as possible. Neglecting the every students has his/her own strengths and dreams.Most of the students in HK are the shadow of their parents, we are just acting in the way our parents want us to be.But, there’s no doubt that our parents are doing for our own goods.Mr. Keating is a teacher who brings out the ideas of “walking in our own pace”, and “dangerous of conforming ourselves into the society norms”.But, are you sure that we are going in the right direction? Or Are we putting our lives at risk?
50 It’s never appropriate to go too extreme on the neither side. Parents and teachers should reassess the purpose of education: to develop every individual into their full potential, intellectually and morally.Always strive our balance between achieving good academic result and giving freedom to their choice.Major premise: balancing between study and interest (compromise can be made.)Nurturing our next generation with freedom, bringing a less pressurized society for them.
52 Philosophy of curriculum Horton & Hanes (1993), “These views are best expressed by taking an eclectic or integrated approach, drawing from Naturalism, Pragmatism, Existentialism and Phenomenology. Briefly, Naturalism advocates individual development, by not imposing social conformity, and encourages close contact with nature. From the Pragmatist school of thought comes the idea that knowledge can be created through reconstruction of experiences... The belief held here is that the world is alienating and the way to deal with existence is to take responsibility for one’s life...”
53 Horton & Hanes (1993), “ The goal should be to help the individual realize choice is a key element in developing a life of personal growth. Lifelong learning is also a possibility when choices are realizes. To see alternatives, understanding must be gained in regard to self and others. The more information an individual possesses, the greater the number of choices possible.”
54 From the movie... Mr Nolan: Mr Keating: Curriculum = canon Education: prepare students for collegeMr Keating:Curriculum = The entire world + critical thinkingEducation: cultivates thinking
55 Education (changes) in HK New Senior Secondary (NSS) CurriculumHong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE)Liberal StudiesLanguage Arts for English
56 Compare with Dead Poets Society... Why LS/ Language ArtsDirection/ PhilosophyPracticalityMajor obstaclesView from the public/ parents