Presentation on theme: "Pragmatism in Education"— Presentation transcript:
1 Pragmatism in Education Alex WitzkyPragmatism in Education
2 Major Beliefs Pragmatism is the practical approach to problems. Greek word “Pragma” which means activity or the work done.Pragmatists believe that reality is constantly changing and that we learn best through applying our experiences and thoughts to problems, as they arise.
3 Philosophy and ValuesThere is no absolute and unchanging truth, but rather, truth is what works.Only those things that are experienced or observed are real.To them truth reality, reality, goodness and badness are all relative terms. They are proved by man’s own experiences.
4 Philosophy on Curriculum ContentOnly activities, experiences and subjects should be included in the curriculum which are useful to the needs of the student and also meet the future expectations of their adult life.It condemns the principle of cramming and encourages original thinking and freedom to develop social and purposeful attitude.
5 Philosophy on Curriculum Instruction and learning experiencesSchool of philosophy favors the project method and consider it active and dynamic.Child learn through their own activities and experiences.The teacher only guides and suggests whenever a student needs help.They believe learning by doing.Importance of child and they put a heavy emphasis on activity’s.
6 Philosophy Influences on Curriculum The key characteristics of pragmatism in education is to apply personal or realistic experiences to a subject to make it more relatable.The curriculum should incorporate the necessary activities, vocation and experiences.Preparing students for adult life through group activities centered around hands on exploration.
7 Philosophy’s Key Terms RealityPragmatists believe that reality is constantly changing and that we learn best through applying our experiences and thoughts to problems, as they ariseKnowledgeKnowledge is unique to the individual. It is up to them to identify what is important and relevant.
8 Philosophy’s Key Terms Purpose of EducationNo specific aim of education can be predetermined which holds true and good to all children at all times, places and situations.The goal is to help guide child according to his or her natural interest, aptitude and capacities in the field of academic activities that they grow up and develop ways to successfully achieving a happier life.
9 Roles Teacher and Administrators Teacher works as a friend and guide to the children.Teacher knows students interest and understanding regarding the conditions of changing societyThe teacher puts problems in front of students which are interesting and students are expected to solve it.Acts as a facilitator and helps guide students in the right direction.pragmatism believes in social discipline based on child’s interest, activities and sense of social responsibility. It condemns enforced discipline.
10 RolesStudentsWant experiences to make the learning real for the students.Pragmatists believe that learners should apply their knowledge to real situations through experimental inquiryThis prepares students for citizenship, daily living, and future careers.
11 RolesSchoolsSchools philosophy is having students gain real experiences of actual life which develop social sense and sense of duty towards society and the nation.It is not only a sense of education but a sense of community.Preparing students to be better citizens
12 Pragmatism Aligning with Curriculum Curriculum as experiencesAll about what experiences the students will haveEducation as continues reconstruction of experienceEducation as growthEducation as a social process
13 Historical Context for U.S schools Has not been very prevalent in the U.S. school system.Most closely related to ProgressivismMay be being used in some classroomsFor instance, take two weeks for a discovery unit
14 Academic Content Standard and Pragmatism Physical SciencesStudents demonstrate an understanding of the composition of physical systems and the concepts and principles that describe and predict physical interactions and events in the natural world.
15 Personal Connections Very similar to progressivism They have some interesting ideas and conceptsWhole school ideal?Aspects can be useful in the classroom.
16 Discussion QuestionsDo you think it could be used effectively in the classroom?Have you had experiences with this philosophy in your classrooms?Could you see yourself using this philosophy in your classroom?