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They wanted help to stop British people who were living in NZ causing trouble (lawlessness) It would preserve the trade between themselves and the British.

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Presentation on theme: "They wanted help to stop British people who were living in NZ causing trouble (lawlessness) It would preserve the trade between themselves and the British."— Presentation transcript:


2 They wanted help to stop British people who were living in NZ causing trouble (lawlessness) It would preserve the trade between themselves and the British The Missionaries recommended it, for Maori’s own good Britain was a major world power, so having their protection be good for Maori Maori wanted to stop bad land deals. Some had been cheated out of land by greedy British traders The Treaty would bring permanent peace to the country The British would protect them from France or other countries Chiefs would still have control over their tribes


4 By 1840 there were about 2000 Europeans/Pakeha living in New Zealand. Most of them were British There were no law courts or police to stop them committing crimes Even more British people were considering moving to New Zealand. They were asking for help to buy land

5 The missionaries asked the British government to be more involved in New Zealand as they believed Maori would be better protected from lawless Pakeha and illegal land sales

6 Because New Zealand was an independent country, the British could not just walk in and make demands Maori chiefs controlled their tribal areas, so the British needed to make a treaty with them first

7 Captain William Hobson was sent to NZ to make an agreement on behalf of Queen Victoria Hobson, his secretary James Freeman & British Resident in NZ James Busby drafted a treaty Missionary Henry Williams translated the treaty into Maori (he was not an expert) On 5 th February 1840 in front of the chiefs, Hobson reads the treaty in English A discussion of more than five hours occurred. Chiefs were divided in their opinions The meeting is adjourned for two days. Further discussion would take place then

8 Chiefs wanted to restart discussions as the food was running out. Some had even decided to go home At midday Hobson declares that there will be no more discussion. He will only take signatures to the treaty The treaty is read again by Williams, in Maori Missionary printer William Colenso asks if the chiefs actually understand what the treaty says. Hobson ignores him Altogether 45 Maori leaders sign the treaty. Most do so with a mark. Gifts are given to each chief who signs – two blankets and tobacco THE TREATY IS SIGNED

9 Many copies of the treaty are made and taken around New Zealand for signing Altogether almost 500 signatures are added Some very important tribes refuse to sign e.g. Waikato Tainui Some areas do not get the chance to sign e.g. much of the South Island By the end of June, Hobson declares that NZ is now part of the British Empire By the end of October, this is made official

10 Henry Williams who translated the treaty from English to Maori, was not an expert in the Maori language The Maori version is not an accurate translation of the English version Most Maori signed the Maori version, meaning that should be the one accepted Not all important chiefs signed the treaty – some simply refused to sign Some chiefs were never even asked to sign The treaty was taken around the country for chiefs to sign, but chiefs were sometimes persuaded by the advice given by missionaries who brought the treaty to them

11 The English version gives the Queen of England SOVEREIGNTY over New Zealand The Maori version uses the word KAWANATANGA for sovereignty. This means GOVERNORSHIP. The word used should have been MANA or RANGATIRATANGA Maori believed the treaty would help them to keep their mana or control. The Queen would only govern New Zealand not control The British believed that they had achieved possession and control

12 In the English version, Maori were guaranteed full possession of their lands, forests, fisheries and other properties In the Maori version, the word TAONGA was used. This means all treasures which includes all things precious such as culture and language Also, the British wanted Maori to sell their land only to the British crown. Maori believed that the British had only secured the first right of refusal on land Maori wished to sell. Maori did not have to sell to the crown, they could sell it to others after first offering it to the crown

13 Both versions gave Maori the same rights and privileges of British citizens However, Pakeha did not have to sell their land to the crown, but Maori did – therefore they were not being treated differently

14 ‘He iwi kotahi tatou. We are now one people’ (Hobson) ‘Only the shadow of the land passes to the Queen. The substance stays with us, the Maori people’ (Chief Nopera Panakareao) ‘You yourselves have often asked the King of England to extend his protection unto you. Her Majesty now offers you that protection in this Treaty’ (Hobson) ‘You must preserve our customs and never permit our land to be taken from us’ (Tamati Waka Nene of Ngapuhi)

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