Presentation on theme: "Question: To what extent was European imperialism a positive force for African cultural, political and economic development?"— Presentation transcript:
1Question:To what extent was European imperialism a positive force for African cultural, political and economic development?
2Preparation: 15 Minutes Read and Understand the question Read and Analyze the DocumentsBrainstorm & Outline: Do Not write a complete rough draft!
3Brainstorm positive and negative effects Loss of land to EuropeansLoss of independence/slavery (paternalism)Loss of life: new diseases, warfare with Europeans, famine due to cash crop economyLoss of culture (assimilation)Division of continent = increased tribal conflictLower tribal warfareIncreased sanitation, healthSchools=formal educationIncreased life-spanImproved technology: railroads, roads, telegraph etc…Export crops = increased incomeAccess to new manufactured goods
4Historical Context: Imperialism in Africa ran from roughly 1885-1960’s Define Terms: clearly establish what imperialism was, and the European motives for colonizing Africa
5Road Map Introduce and define terms Establish historical context Establish 3 areas to analyze: economic, political, cultural development
6Thesis Statement #1:European imperialism had an overall negative effect on Africa’s development.
7Thesis Statement #2:European imperialism had both positive and negative effects on Africa’s development.
8Thesis statement #3:Although economic growth and political stability were outcomes of European imperialism in Africa, these positive effects are outweighed by the loss of life, freedom, and culture suffered by African peoples.
9Use of Documents: Place in Context Note potential bias (Doc 2) Transition into and out ofAnalyze/Interpret
10Non-Document Knowledge: The Berlin ConferenceSocial DarwinismForms of Imperial control: Colony, protectorate etc…AssimilationPaternalismKing Leopold in the CongoEffects of cash crop economyKing Menelik
11Structure:4 or 5 paragraphsTopic SentencesTransitions
12Analysis: The art of mentioning: As a result of the 1885 Berlin Conference colonial boundaries exacerbated tribal conflict, leading to political chaos and instability.
13Extension Connect this topic to a future historical event African independence was a natural extension for this DBQExample: European imperialism had long lasting effects on Africa. As new African nations emerge in the late 20th century, their development will greatly impacted by the colonial legacy.