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Sediments are a.Solid particles. b.Liquid particles c.The Jolly Green Giant d.A force Weathering is a.The process of above layers pushing the particles.

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Presentation on theme: "Sediments are a.Solid particles. b.Liquid particles c.The Jolly Green Giant d.A force Weathering is a.The process of above layers pushing the particles."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sediments are a.Solid particles. b.Liquid particles c.The Jolly Green Giant d.A force Weathering is a.The process of above layers pushing the particles closer together and dissolved minerals acting like glue b. The process of building up particles into larger substances c. The process of breaking down rocks into smaller particles d. The process by which soil and sediments are transferred from one location to another Erosion is a.The process of building up particles into larger substances b.The process by which soil and sediments are transferred from one location to another c. The process of breaking down rocks into smaller particles d.How hot or cold it is Compaction and cementation is the a.The process of above layers pushing the particles closer together and dissolved minerals acting like glue b. The process of building up particles into larger substances c. The process of breaking down rocks into smaller particles d. The process by which soil and sediments are transferred from one location to another

2 Igneous Rock Metamorphic Rock Sedimentary Rock Cooling to a Solid Heat Pressure Sediments Magma And Lava Melting Compaction Cementation Heat Pressure Weathering & Erosion

3 Which type rock formed from magma a.Mineral. b.Metamorphic rock. c.Sedimentary rock. d.Igneous rock. Which type rock formed from heat and pressure a.Mineral b.Metamorphic rock c. Sedimentary rock d. Igneous rock Where does most sedimentary rock form? a.at or near the surface b.far enough underground to melt c.in sea waters d.At tectonic plate boundaries Which type rock has fossils or sea organisms a. Mineral. b.Metamorphic rock. c.Sedimentary rock. d.Igneous rock.

4 1. What could possibly form very quickly? _____________________ 2. What could possibly form from compaction & cementation of sediments? _____________________ 3. What could possibly form from the cooling of magma & lava? _____________________ 4. What could possibly form from heat and pressure? _____________________ 5.What could possibly form from weathering & erosion? _____________________ Igneous rockSedimentary rock Metamorphic rockSediments MineralsVolcanoes Igneous rock Sedimentary rock Metamorphic rock Sediments Igneous rock Check-up #1

5 True or False: Sedimentary rocks form quickly a.True b.False True or False: Metamorphic rocks form quickly a.True b.False True or False: Igneous rocks form quickly a.True b.False True or False: Sedimentary rocks could have been the first rocks on Earth a.True b.False Obsidian Granite

6 What could have cause the folding in a metamorphic rock a.Erosion by moving water b.Stretching forces c.Pressure forces d.Nearby volcanoes Large grain size is a clue that you have a a.Mineral b.Metamorphic rock c.Sedimentary rock d.Igneous rock If minerals are squeezed together and heated, ________ will form a.Mineral b.Metamorphic rock c. Sedimentary rock d. Igneous rock Which type rock shows bands of minerals in wavy parallel layers a.Mineral b.Metamorphic rock c. Sedimentary rock d. Igneous rock

7 A C D B A should be named a.Sediments b.Metamorphic rock c.Sedimentary rock d.Igneous rock B should be named a.Sediments b.Metamorphic rock c.Sedimentary rock d.Igneous rock C should be named a.Sediments b.Metamorphic rock c.Sedimentary rock d.Igneous rock D should be named a.Sediments b.Metamorphic rock c.Sedimentary rock d.Igneous rock

8 A C D A should be named a.Weather and erode b.Melting c.Heat and pressure d.Cooling B should be named a.Weather and erode b.Melting c.Heat and pressure d.Cooling C should be named a.Weather and erode b.Melting c.Heat and pressure d.Cooling D should be named a.Weather and erode b.Melting c.Heat and pressure d.Cooling D B B B C

9 This is a picture of a/an a.Mineral b.Metamorphic rock c.Sedimentary rock d.Igneous rock This is a picture of a/an a.Mineral b.Metamorphic rock c. Sedimentary rock d. Igneous rock This is a picture of a/an a.Mineral b.Metamorphic rock c. Sedimentary rock d. Igneous rock This is a picture of a/an a.Mineral b.Metamorphic rock c.Sedimentary rock d.Igneous rock

10 1. Which rock type could contain fossils? _____________________ 2. Which rock type has large grain size and (cooled from magma) ________________ 3. Which rock type has distinct bands of minerals in (wavy) parallel layers? _____________________ 4. Which rock type could possibly have been the first rock to form on Earth? _____________________ 5.Which rock type could be found near magma or lava? _____________________ Choose from the word bank below. You may use one choice more than once or not at all. Igneous rockSedimentary rock Metamorphic rockSediments MineralsRivers Sedimentary rock Igneous rock Metamorphic rock Igneous rock Check-up #2

11 You dig up a rock that has large grain size and was found near a volcano. It is a/an a.Sediments b.Metamorphic rock c.Sedimentary rock d.Igneous rock Rocks are classified by a.Where they are found b.How old they are c.How they are formed d.What they look like Your friend claims to have found the skeleton of a dinosaur inside a metamorphic rock. a.Cool! Let’s sell it to a museum. b.No way, a dinosaur bone could not withstand the heat & pressure required to form metamorphic rock. c.Duh! You only find fossils in Igneous rocks. d. Neat! We can make a great soup from those bones. You have collected rocks that have a sandy feel, appear layered, and easily break apart. What type of rock have you collected? a.Extrusive Igneous. b.Sedimentary c.Metamorphic d.Intrusive Igneous

12 Igneous rocks form from a.Weathering and erosion b.Compaction and cementation c.Cooling of magma or lava d.Heat and pressure Sediments form from a.Weathering and erosion b.Compaction and cementation c.Cooling of magma or lava d.Heat and pressure Metamorphic rocks form from a.Weathering and erosion b.Compaction and cementation c.Cooling of magma or lava d.Heat and pressure Sedimentary rocks form from a.Weathering and erosion b.Compaction and cementation c.Cooling of magma or lava d.Heat and pressure

13 What must occur for sedimentary rock to become magma a.Weathering and erosion b.Compaction and cementation c.Melting d.Heat and pressure What must occur for igneous rocks to become sediments a.Weathering and erosion b.Compaction and cementation c.Melting d.Heat and pressure What must occur for sediments to become sedimentary rock a.Weathering and erosion b.Compaction and cementation c.Melting d.Heat and pressure Metamorphic rocks appear folded due to a.Weathering and erosion b.Compaction and cementation c.Melting d.Heat and pressure

14 Check-up #3 Tectonic plates Sediments Igneous rocks Sedimentary rocks Metamorphic rocks Magma Igneous rocks Sediments Sedimentary rocks Metamorphic rocks Magma

15 Sediments into sandstone (sedimentary rock), then into quartzite (metamorphic rock), then into magma a.Cooling; melting; cooling; heat and pressure b.Compacting and cementing; heat and pressure; melting c.Melting; heat and pressure; cooling d.Weathering and erosion; compacting and cementing; heat and pressure Lava into obsidian (igneous rock), then into magma, then into granite (igneous rock), then into gneiss (metamorphic rock) a.Cooling; melting; cooling; heat and pressure b.Compacting and cementing; heat and pressure; melting c.Melting; heat and pressure; cooling d.Weathering and erosion; compacting and cementing; heat and pressure Sediments into shale (sedimentary rock), then into slate (metamorphic rock), then into lava a.Cooling; melting; cooling; heat and pressure b.Compacting and cementing; heat and pressure; melting c.Melting; heat and pressure; cooling d.Weathering and erosion; compacting and cementing; heat and pressure The river tumbles a variety of rocks as it travels across the country, it reaches a lake and decreases in speed, the delta is pushed deep within the Earth due to plate tectonics a.Cooling; melting; cooling; heat and pressure b.Compacting and cementing; heat and pressure; melting c.Melting; heat and pressure; cooling d.Weathering and erosion; compacting and cementing; heat and pressure

16 Lava into obsidian (igneous rock), then into magma, then into granite (igneous rock), then into gneiss (metamorphic rock) a.Cooling; melting; cooling; heat and pressure b.Compacting and cementing; heat and pressure; melting c.Cooling; Weather and erosion; Melting d.Compacting and cementing; Melting; Cool and harden Sediments into shale (sedimentary rock), then into slate (metamorphic rock), then into lava a.Cooling; melting; cooling; heat and pressure b.Compacting and cementing; heat and pressure; melting c.Cooling; Weather and erosion; Melting d.Compacting and cementing; Melting; Cool and harden The river tumbles a variety of rocks as it travels across the country, it reaches a lake and decreases in speed, the delta is pushed deep within the Earth due to plate tectonics a.Cooling; melting; cooling; heat and pressure b.Compacting and cementing; heat and pressure; melting c.Cooling; Weather and erosion; Melting d.Weathering, erosion, deposition, heat & pressure Lava into pumice (igneous rock), then into sediments, then into lava a.Cooling; melting; cooling; heat and pressure b.Compacting and cementing; heat and pressure; melting c.Cooling; Weather and erosion; Melting d.Compacting and cementing; Melting; Cool and harden

17 Check-up #4 Cooling Compaction & cementation Melting Heat & pressure Weathering & erosion Deposition Weathering & erosion Compaction & cementation Heat & Pressure Melting Cooling

18 True or False: over time, the rock cycle increases the amount of rock in the world a.True b.False True or False: over time, the rock cycle keeps the amount of rock in the world the same a.True b.False True or False: over time, the rock cycle decreases the amount of rock in the world a.True b.False True or False: rocks are classified by how the rocks are formed a.True b.False

19 True or False: rocks are classified based on where they are found a.True b.False True or False: rocks are classified based on how they are formed a.True b.False True or False: rocks are classified based on what they are made of a.True b.False True or False: rocks are classified based on their age a.True b.False

20 True or False: metamorphic rocks appear to have folds due to erosion by moving water a.True b.False True or False: metamorphic rocks appear to have folds due to pressure forces a.True b.False True or False: metamorphic rocks appear to have folds due to volcanic activity a.True b.False True or False: metamorphic rocks appear to have folds due to stretching forces a.True b.False

21 Sediments are a.Solid particles. b.Liquid particles c.The Jolly Green Giant d.A force Weathering is a.The process of above layers pushing the particles closer together and dissolved minerals acting like glue b. The process of building up particles into larger substances c. The process of breaking down rocks into smaller particles d. The process by which soil and sediments are transferred from one location to another Erosion is a.The process of building up particles into larger substances b.The process by which soil and sediments are transferred from one location to another c. The process of breaking down rocks into smaller particles d.How hot or cold it is Compaction and cementation is the a.The process of above layers pushing the particles closer together and dissolved minerals acting like glue b. The process of building up particles into larger substances c. The process of breaking down rocks into smaller particles d. The process by which soil and sediments are transferred from one location to another


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