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Presentation on theme: "POETRY."— Presentation transcript:


2 If you like poetry, raise your hand.
Okay. If you like country music, raise your hand. If you like Rock ‘n Roll, raise your hand. If you like Rap/Hip-hop, raise your hand.

3 POETRY A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)

4 ALLITERATION The repetition of the same letter or sound at the beginning of words, or words close by. (2nd, 6th) To the average person, these are called “tongue-twisters”. Example: How much dew would a dewdrop drop if a dewdrop did drop dew?

5 Alliteration Example: Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers Cause it wasn’t that long ago when Marshall sat, luster lacked, lustered Cuz he couldn’t cut mustard, muster up nothing Brain fuzzy, cause he’s buzzin’, woke up from that buzz. Now you wonder why he does it, how he does it, Wasn’t cause he had buzzards circle around his head, Waiting for him to drop dead, was it? Dead in the middle of little Italy, little did we know that we riddled two middle men who didn’t do diddily. This time, This place, Misused, Mistakes, Too long, Too late ~Nickelback “Far Away”

6 Let’s see what this looks like in a poem.
Alliteration Alliteration She Walks in Beauty I. She walks in beauty, like the night Of cloudless climes and starry skies; And all that’s best of dark and bright Meet in her aspect and her eyes: Thus mellowed to that tender light Which Heaven to gaudy day denies. Alliteration These examples use the beginning sounds of words only twice in a line, but by definition, that’s all you need.

7 Hyperbole An extreme exaggeration Examples: I may sweat to death.
1st, 2nd, 5th, 6th Examples: I may sweat to death. The blood bank needs a river of blood.

8 Hyperbole Examples: I’m so hungry, I could eat a horse! I got home from work and took a 100 hour nap. I have told you a million times to be quiet. You are the worst class ever. If something is really funny, you might say, “I nearly died laughing.” This is an exaggeration—you did not “nearly die.”

9 Imagery The process of using writing to create mental images. Writers use 5 sensory details to help the reader imagine how things look, feel, smell, sound, and taste. Examples: The crimson liquid spilled from the neck of the white dove, staining and matting its pure, white feathers. I was awakened by the strong smell of a freshly brewed coffee. I took a walk around the world to Ease my troubled mind I left my body laying somewhere In the sands of time I watched the world float to the dark Side of the moon I feel there is nothing I can do (Kryptonite, By: 3 Doors Down) “At the next table a woman stuck her nose in a novel; a college kid pecked at a laptop. Overlaying all this, a soundtrack: choo-k-choo-k-choo-k-choo-k-choo-k--the metronomic rhythm of an Amtrak train rolling down the line to California, a sound that called to mind an old camera reel moving frames of images along a linear track, telling a story." 1st, 5th,

10 Metaphor Comparison between two unlike things, stating that one is the other. Does not use like or as. 1st, 6th Examples: Lenny is a snake. Ginny is a mouse when it comes to standing up for herself. The difference between a simile and a metaphor is that a simile requires either “like” or “as” to be included in the comparison, and a metaphor requires that neither be used.

11 Metaphor Simplest form is: The (first thing) is a (second thing).
Example: My life is a dream. Frozen with fear. Her eyes are jewels sparkling in the sun. Now his career’s Lebron’s jersey in 20 years. “You are the thunder, and I am the lightning.” (Selena Gomez) “That you were Romeo, you were throwing pebbles, and my daddy said, stay away from Juliet.” (Taylor Swift)

12 Simile Comparison of two unlike things using the words “like” or “as”
1st, 2nd, 5th, 6th Examples: Joe is as hungry as a bear. In the morning, Rae is like an angry lion.

13 Simile examples Example: Fly like a butterfly and sting like a bee.
The sun is like a yellow ball of fire in the sky. Life is like a racetrack, you gotta keep going round and round. “She’s like a song played again and again” (Sean Kingston) “I need you like a heart needs a beat” (1 republic)

14 Examples: growl, hiss, pop, boom, crack, ptthhhbbb.
Onomatopoeia Words that spell out sounds; words that sound like what they mean. (1st, 2nd, 6th) Examples: growl, hiss, pop, boom, crack, ptthhhbbb.

15 Onomatopoeia Brrrrrrrriiiiiiiiiiiiiiinng! An alarm clock clanged in the dark and silent room. “Tick! Tock! On the clock but the party don’t stop” ~Tik Tok by Ke$ha “I got that boom boom boom, that future boom boom boom” ~Boom Boom Pow by The Black Eyed Peas

16 Let’s see what this looks like in a poem.
Noise Day by Shel Silverstein Let’s have one day for girls and boyses When you can make the grandest noises. Screech, scream, holler, and yell – Buzz a buzzer, clang a bell, Sneeze – hiccup – whistle – shout, Laugh until your lungs wear out, Toot a whistle, kick a can, Bang a spoon against a pan, Sing, yodel, bellow, hum, Blow a horn, beat a drum, Rattle a window, slam a door, Scrape a rake across the floor Onomatopoeia Several other words not highlighted could also be considered as onomatopoeia. Can you find any?

17 Repetition Using the same key word or phrase throughout a poem. (1st, 2nd, 5th) This should be fairly self-explanatory, but . . . at risk of sounding like a broken record . . .

18 Time to spend; time to mend. Time to hate; time to wait. Time is the essence; time is the key. Time will tell us what we will be. Time is the enemy; time is the proof. Time will eventually show us the truth. Time is a mystery; time is a measure. Time for us is valued treasure. Time to cry . . . Time to die. Valued Treasure by Chris R. Carey

19 Rhyme Repetition of sounds at the end of words.
Example: Pig and dig, reaching and teaching, riddle and middle (2nd,

20 Stanza Division of a poem created by arranging the lines (or verse) into a specific unit, ‘paragraph within the poem’ (1st, 2nd, 6th)


22 Theme Message about life or human nature that the writer shares with the reader. In many cases, readers must infer what the writer’s message is. 2nd, 5th,



25 Tone Expresses the writer’s attitude toward his or her subject. Words such as angry, sad, and funny can be used to describe different tones.

26 RHYME SCHEME A rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme (usually end rhyme, but not always). Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern. (See next slide for an example.) (1st, 5th, Activity: Rhyme Scheme group game

27 SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME The Germ by Ogden Nash
A mighty creature is the germ, Though smaller than the pachyderm. His customary dwelling place Is deep within the human race. His childish pride he often pleases By giving people strange diseases. Do you, my poppet, feel infirm? You probably contain a germ. a b c

28 Ballad (1st, 2nd, 5th, 6th) Type of narrative poem that tells a story and was originally meant to be sung or recited. Lines in ballad stanzas alternate between 8 syllables and 6 syllables (sometimes), 2nd and 4th lines rhyme (sometimes) Example: Amazing grace! How sweet the sound That saved a wretch like me. I once was lost, but now I’m found, Was blind, but now I see.

29 Ballad cont. Simple rhyming pattern and a set rhythm
Each verse has 4 lines, and the poem can have as many verses (stanzas) as necessary to tell the story. A ballad will often have a refrain, which is a line that keeps recurring throughout the poem.

30 Ballad example
I often contradict myself. Oh no, I never do. I argue with me day and night. That simply isnt true. Oh yes it is. Oh no it's not. I do this all day long. Oh no I don't. Oh yes I do. That's right. No way! It's wrong. I'm really quite agreeable. I argue night and day. I love to be around myself. I wish I'd go away. So if you see me arguing, it's certain that you won't. I like to contradict myself. I promise you I don't. --Kenn Nesbitt

31 Free Verse Poetry that follows no rules. Just about anything goes. (1st, Poetry without regular patterns or rhyme and rhythm. Some poets use free Verse to capture the sounds and rhythms of ordinary speech. (Most common type of poem) Fog The fog comes on little cat feet. It sits looking over harbor and city on silent haunches and then, moves on. No Rhyme No Rhythm This is free verse.

32 Haiku Poetry Definition
3 line poem with 17 syllables are arranged in three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables. Each line of the haiku should allow the reader time to form an image in the mind before you start to read the next line. (1st, 2nd, 5th, 6th)

33 Haiku Poetry Expresses a thought, feeling or a mood, using nature.
To count syllables break the words into parts when you say it; for example: layout is two syllables lay-out

34 Haiku Poetry Salt-waves caress sand tickling my toes and heart
in their short-spun wake Now create your own example on your notes page.

35 Limerick A limerick is a short, funny poem made up of five lines. It has the rhyme scheme aabba. Example: There was an Old Man with a beard (a) Who said, “It is just as I feared! (a) Two Owls and a Hen (b) Four Larks and a Wren, (b) Have all built their nests in my beard!” (a) Create your own example on your notes paper. 1st, 6th

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