2PoetryPoetry is literature that uses a few words to tell about ideas, feelings and paints a picture in the readers mind.Most poems were written to be read aloud.Poems may or may not rhyme.
3POETRY FORM FORM - the appearance of the words on the page LINE - a group of words together on one line of the poemSTANZA - a group of lines arranged togetherA word is deadWhen it is said,Some say.I say it justBegins to liveThat day.
4RHYTHM The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain.
5METERA pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
6METER cont. FOOT - unit of meter. A foot can have two or three syllables.Usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables.TYPES OF FEETThe types of feet are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables.(cont.)
7FREE VERSE POETRYUnlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables.Does NOT have rhyme.Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you.A more modern type of poetry.
8RHYMEWords sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.(A word always rhymes with itself.)LAMPSTAMPShare the short “a” vowel soundShare the combined “mp” consonant soundActivity: Rhyme group game
9END RHYMEA word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another lineHector the CollectorCollected bits of string.Collected dolls with broken headsAnd rusty bells that would not ring.
10SAMPLE RHYME SCHEME A rhyme scheme is a pattern of rhyme Use the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern.A mighty creature is the germ,Though smaller than the pachyderm.His customary dwelling placeIs deep within the human race.His childish pride he often pleasesBy giving people strange diseases.Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?You probably contain a germ.abc
11ONOMATOPOEIA Words that imitate the sound they are naming BUZZ OR sounds that imitate another sound“The silken, sad, uncertain, rustling ofeach purple curtain . . .”
12ALLITERATION Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?Activity: Alliteration group game
13SIMILEA comparison of two things using “like, as than,” or “resembles.”“She is as beautiful as a sunrise.”
14METAPHOR A direct comparison of two unlike things “All the world’s a stage, and we are merely players.”- William Shakespeare
15A frog jumps into the pond. ACROSTICA Japanese poem written in three linesFive SyllablesSeven SyllablesAn old silent pond . . .A frog jumps into the pond.Splash! Silence again.
16A frog jumps into the pond. DIAMANTEA Japanese poem written in three linesFive SyllablesSeven SyllablesAn old silent pond . . .A frog jumps into the pond.Splash! Silence again.
17A frog jumps into the pond. HAIKUA Japanese poem written in three linesFive SyllablesSeven SyllablesAn old silent pond . . .A frog jumps into the pond.Splash! Silence again.
18CINQUAIN A five line poem containing 22 syllables How frail Two SyllablesFour SyllablesSix SyllablesEight SyllablesHow frailAbove the bulkOf crashing water hangsAutumnal, evanescent, wanThe moon.