Presentation on theme: "Get ready to write and think"— Presentation transcript:
1 Get ready to write and think Poetry notesGet ready to write and think
2 Structure and formForm: a poem’s shape; the way it is laid out on the pageLine: main unit of a poem; does not have to be complete sentenceStanzas: in some poems, lines are arranged in groups, called stanzas.Form may follow a fixed rules (traditional), or have no regular pattern of rhyme (free verse).
3 Sound devices Rhyme: matching final sounds (Rhyme scheme) Internal rhyme: rhyme between words within a lineRhythm: pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each lineRepetition: the use of a word, phrase, or line more than onceAlliteration: repeating beginning sounds
4 More sound devicesAssonance: matching vowel sounds within words He feels good when he carves wood.Consonance: matching consonant sounds within words The seal swallowed shellfish with relish.Onomatopoeia: word sounds like what it is describing
5 Imagery and figurative language Simile: comparison between two unlike things, using the word like or asMetaphor: comparison between two unlike things that does not contain the word like or asPersonification: description of an object, animal, place, or idea as if it were human or had human qualities
6 Two Sunflowers Move in the Yellow Room "Ah, William, we're weary of weather," said the sunflowers, shining with dew. "Our traveling habits have tired us. Can you give us a room with a view?"They arranged themselves at the window and counted the steps of the sun, and they both took root in the carpet where the topaz tortoises run. William Blake ( )
7 The Cat & The FiddleHey diddle, Diddle, The cat and the fiddle, The cow jumped over the moon; The little dog laughed To see such sport, And the dish ran away with the spoon.By Mother Goose
8 Haiku Haiku is a poetic form that originated in Japan hundreds of years ago andcontinues today. Haiku combinesform, content and language in ameaningful, yet compact form. Haikupoets write about everyday things.
9 Haiku 2In order to be true haiku, a poem must consist of 17 syllables and contain a kigo. A kigo is a word that hints at what season the poem takes place.Many haiku themes include nature, feelings or experiences. Usually they use simple words and grammar. The most common form for Haiku is three short lines. The first line usually contains five syllables, the second line seven syllables, and the third line contains five syllables. Haiku doesn’t rhyme.
10 Haiku 3A Haiku must “paint” a mental image in the readers mind. Haiku comes from the long, long history of Japanese literature. Japanese literature is one of the world’s oldest and greatest literatures. It reflects many characteristics of the Japanese people, such as their appreciation of tradition and their sensitivity to nature.
11 Cinquain Animal Cinquain Cinquain format (non-rhyming): Line 1: One word (subject or noun)Line 2: Two words (adjectives) that describe line 1Line 3: Three words (action verbs ending with "-ing") that relate to line 1Line 4: Four or five words (feelings or a complete sentence) that describe the subject or are related to it in some wayLine 5: One word that sums up line 1 or is a synonym of line 1
13 Limerick Five lines Rhyme scheme – a,a,b,b,a 1.There was an old man from Peru, (A) da DUM da da DUM da da DUM (3 DUMS)2. who dreamed he was eating his shoe. (A) da DUM da da DUM da da DUM (3 DUMS)3. He awoke in the night (B) da DUM da da DUM (2 DUMS)4. with a terrible fright, (B) da da DUM da da DUM (2 DUMS)5. and found out that it was quite true. (A) da DUM da da DUM da da DUM (3 DUMS)
14 And last thingsAllusion: reference to something with which the reader is familiar. “Alice” by Shel Silverstein refers to Alice in WonderlandDiction: a writer’s choice of words to convey a certain emotion or feelingHyperbole: exaggeration