Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1: Leading a Healthy Life"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 1: Leading a Healthy Life HEALTH & WELLNESSChapter 1: Leading a Healthy Life
2Health in the Past:Infectious diseases were the leading causes of death prior to the 20th Century.Health Today:Lifestyle diseases caused partly by unhealthy behaviors lead to most health problems.
3What is the leading cause of death among children and infants today? a. Diseasesb. Suicidec. Homicided. Motor vehicle accidents
4MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS Four leading causes of death for young people are (making up about 75% of teen deaths):Motor vehicle accidentsHomicideSuicideOther accidents
5What is Health? Definition of Health: Health is the complete state of well-being in which all of the components of health-physical, emotional, social, mental, spiritual, and environmental-are in balance; not just the absence of disease or sickness.
6SOCIAL HEALTH Respects others Supportive relationships with friends and familyInteracting well with other peopleMaintaining values and beliefs; not being persuadedExpresses needs to others
7MENTAL HEALTH Ability to cope with life’s demands Free of mental illness (i.e. phobia)Enjoys trying new thingsHigh Self-EsteemFeeling comfortable about who you are
8PHYSICAL HEALTH Eating a well-balanced diet Exercising Regularly Sufficient SleepGood/Clean HygieneFree of diseaseFree of tobacco, drugs, and alcohol
9EMOTIONAL HEALTH Expressing emotions constructively Can cope with unpleasant emotionsAsking for help when sad
10SPIRITUAL HEALTH Sense of purpose in life Follows morals and values Feels a unity with other human beings
11ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH Access to clean air and water Clean and un-crowded living spaceRecycles used paper, glass products, and aluminum
13What is Wellness?Wellness: the achievement of a person’s best in all six components of health-optimal healthLife long effort to live a healthy lifeAllows us to achieve our goals and find meaning and purpose in our lives
14Risk FactorsRisk Factor: anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other health problems
15Types of Risk Factors Controllable Risk Factors: Risks that you can do something about - “behavior risks”Uncontrollable Risk Factors:Risks that you can NOT change(age, race, gender, heredity)
166 Health Risk Factors Sedentary Lifestyle Alcohol & Drugs Sexual ActivityBehaviors That Cause InjuryTobacco UsePoor Eating Habits
17RISK FACTORS CONT.Sedentary Lifestyle- LAZYNESS or not doing physical activityAlcohol & Drugs- liver disease, cancer, heart disease, car accidents, fights, depression, suicide, mental disorders, STDsSexual Activity- sexual activity outside a committed relationship- unplanned pregnancy, HIV infection, and other sexually transmitted diseasesBehaviors That Cause Injury- dangerous behaviors, weapons, extreme sports, seatbeltsTobacco Use- Smoking: Single Most Preventable cause of death in U.S.Poor Eating Habits- Heart Disease, foods high in fat, empty calories
18HEALTH ADVOCATEA person who works in a health field or speaks out or promotes health.Question: Are you a “Health Advocate”?
193 Ways You Can Take Care of Your Health KNOWLEDGE:Knowing the information needed to make healthy choices (health classes, current issues)ATTITUDE:The way you feel about yourself directly affects your healthLIFESTYLE:Putting knowledge into action = behavior changesWHICH IS THE MOST IMPORTANT??
21-Health Professionals Health LiteracyThe knowledge you need to know to make good choices about your health.-Current Issues-Health Educators-Library Resources-Health Professionals
22-Public Policy-most control over environmental health component Public HealthThe practice of protecting and improving the health of people in a community.-Medical Advances-Technology-Public Policy-most control over environmental health component-Education
23THE END… http://www.poodwaddle.com/clocks2.htm Friedman, David P., Curtis C. Stine, and Shannon Whalen. Lifetime Health. Orlando, [Fla.: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Print.
24Health & Wellness Cont. Chapter 2: Skills for a Healthy Life
25QUICK REVIEW What is the definition of HEALTH? What is “Wellness?” What is “anything that increases the likelihood of an injury, disease, or other health problem?”What is a “Health Advocate”?
26QUICK REVIEW What is the definition of HEALTH? What is “Wellness?” Health is the complete state of well-being in which all of the components of health-physical, emotional, social, mental, spiritual, and environmental-are in balance; not just the absence of disease or sickness.What is “Wellness?”The achievement of a person’s best in all six components of health-optimal healthWhat is “anything that increases the likelihood of an injury, disease, or other health problem?”Risk FactorWhat is a “Health Advocate”?A person who works in a health field or speaks out or promotes health.
27Life Skills Tools for building or improving health Example: (Public Speaking or good decision making skills)
288 “Good” Life Skills 10 “Good” Healthy Life Skills -Assessing Your Health-Communication Skills-Coping (dealing with problems in an effective way)-Being a wise consumer (a person who buys products)-Evaluating Media-Refusal Skills-Goal Setting-Practicing Wellness-Using community resources (something you can use to help achieve a goal)-Making GREAT decisions
29GREAT DecisionsGive thought to the problemReview your choicesEvaluate the consequences of each choiceAssess and choose the best choiceThink it over afterward
30ConsequencesConsequences: The effect, result, or outcome of our actionsPart of good decision making skills is considering consequences.
31Stop, Think, and Go STOP – Stop and admit you made a poor decision THINK – Think about who can discuss the situation with youGO – Go and correct the situation
32CollaborationCollaboration: working together to achieve a goal or reach an objectiveGetting a second opinionRealizing how your decisions affects others
33Who can you collaborate with? TeachersFriendsParentsSiblingsCounselorsNeighbors
34SETTING HEALTHY GOALS 2 Types of Goals Short Term Goal: achieved quicklywithin a few days or few weeksLong Term Goal:-take longer to achievemay take months or even yearsmay be more rewarding once accomplishedAction Plan: set of directions that will help you reach your goal – should include rewards AND a way to track progress
356 Suggestions for Setting Goals… Sensible-RealisticSafe-Can this goal harm you?Satisfying-Should feel good when you reachSimilar-Should not contradict earlier goalsSpecific-Steps to achieve are very clearSupported-Would responsible adults approve of this goal?
37Peer PressurePeer Pressure: a feeling you get that you should do something because somebody else wants you to do it
38Direct Pressure: someone tries to convince you to do something that you normally wouldn’t do Indirect Pressure: swayed to do something because people you look up to are doing it
39Refusal SkillsRefusal Skill: A strategy to avoid doing something that you do not feel comfortable doing – remember to be respectful and not put anyone down
40Refusal Skills Blame someone else Give a reason Ignore the request Leave the situationSay “No, Thanks”Say NO and mean itMake a joke out of itMake an excuseSuggest something else to doChange subjectTeam up with somebody else
42QUICK REVIEW What is a life skill? What are 4 of the life skills we mentioned?What are 2 types of goals?Which type of goal is more rewarding?What does sedentary mean?
43QUICK REVIEW What is a life skill? Tools for building or improving healthWhat are 4 of the life skills we mentioned?Assessing Your Health, Communication Skills, Coping , Being a wise consumer, Evaluating Media, Refusal Skills, Goal Setting, Practicing Wellness, Using community resources, and Making GREAT decisionsWhat are 2 types of goals?Long-term and Short-termWhich type of goal is more rewarding?Long-termWhat does sedentary mean?LAZYNESS or not doing physical activityFriedman, David P., Curtis C. Stine, and Shannon Whalen. Lifetime Health. Orlando, [Fla.: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Print.
44Group Activity BE CREATIVE!! Groups of no more than four people assigned by teacher.Create skit of at least 1 minute where student(s) suggests another does something harmful to health. Incorporate peer pressure (pg 33/34), GREAT decisions (pg 30/31), and refusal skills (pg 35).Each person must have a speaking part.This is your daily participation grade.BE CREATIVE!!