Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1: Leading a Healthy Life"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 1: Leading a Healthy Life HEALTH & WELLNESSChapter 1: Leading a Healthy Life
2 Health in the Past:Infectious diseases were the leading causes of death prior to the 20th Century.Health Today:Lifestyle diseases caused partly by unhealthy behaviors lead to most health problems.
3 What is the leading cause of death among children and infants today? a. Diseasesb. Suicidec. Homicided. Motor vehicle accidents
4 MOTOR VEHICLE ACCIDENTS Four leading causes of death for young people are (making up about 75% of teen deaths):Motor vehicle accidentsHomicideSuicideOther accidents
5 What is Health? Definition of Health: Health is the complete state of well-being in which all of the components of health-physical, emotional, social, mental, spiritual, and environmental-are in balance; not just the absence of disease or sickness.
6 SOCIAL HEALTH Respects others Supportive relationships with friends and familyInteracting well with other peopleMaintaining values and beliefs; not being persuadedExpresses needs to others
7 MENTAL HEALTH Ability to cope with life’s demands Free of mental illness (i.e. phobia)Enjoys trying new thingsHigh Self-EsteemFeeling comfortable about who you are
8 PHYSICAL HEALTH Eating a well-balanced diet Exercising Regularly Sufficient SleepGood/Clean HygieneFree of diseaseFree of tobacco, drugs, and alcohol
9 EMOTIONAL HEALTH Expressing emotions constructively Can cope with unpleasant emotionsAsking for help when sad
10 SPIRITUAL HEALTH Sense of purpose in life Follows morals and values Feels a unity with other human beings
11 ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH Access to clean air and water Clean and un-crowded living spaceRecycles used paper, glass products, and aluminum
13 What is Wellness?Wellness: the achievement of a person’s best in all six components of health-optimal healthLife long effort to live a healthy lifeAllows us to achieve our goals and find meaning and purpose in our lives
14 Risk FactorsRisk Factor: anything that increases the likelihood of injury, disease, or other health problems
15 Types of Risk Factors Controllable Risk Factors: Risks that you can do something about - “behavior risks”Uncontrollable Risk Factors:Risks that you can NOT change(age, race, gender, heredity)
16 6 Health Risk Factors Sedentary Lifestyle Alcohol & Drugs Sexual ActivityBehaviors That Cause InjuryTobacco UsePoor Eating Habits
17 RISK FACTORS CONT.Sedentary Lifestyle- LAZYNESS or not doing physical activityAlcohol & Drugs- liver disease, cancer, heart disease, car accidents, fights, depression, suicide, mental disorders, STDsSexual Activity- sexual activity outside a committed relationship- unplanned pregnancy, HIV infection, and other sexually transmitted diseasesBehaviors That Cause Injury- dangerous behaviors, weapons, extreme sports, seatbeltsTobacco Use- Smoking: Single Most Preventable cause of death in U.S.Poor Eating Habits- Heart Disease, foods high in fat, empty calories
18 HEALTH ADVOCATEA person who works in a health field or speaks out or promotes health.Question: Are you a “Health Advocate”?
19 3 Ways You Can Take Care of Your Health KNOWLEDGE:Knowing the information needed to make healthy choices (health classes, current issues)ATTITUDE:The way you feel about yourself directly affects your healthLIFESTYLE:Putting knowledge into action = behavior changesWHICH IS THE MOST IMPORTANT??
21 -Health Professionals Health LiteracyThe knowledge you need to know to make good choices about your health.-Current Issues-Health Educators-Library Resources-Health Professionals
22 -Public Policy-most control over environmental health component Public HealthThe practice of protecting and improving the health of people in a community.-Medical Advances-Technology-Public Policy-most control over environmental health component-Education
23 THE END… http://www.poodwaddle.com/clocks2.htm Friedman, David P., Curtis C. Stine, and Shannon Whalen. Lifetime Health. Orlando, [Fla.: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Print.
24 Health & Wellness Cont. Chapter 2: Skills for a Healthy Life
25 QUICK REVIEW What is the definition of HEALTH? What is “Wellness?” What is “anything that increases the likelihood of an injury, disease, or other health problem?”What is a “Health Advocate”?
26 QUICK REVIEW What is the definition of HEALTH? What is “Wellness?” Health is the complete state of well-being in which all of the components of health-physical, emotional, social, mental, spiritual, and environmental-are in balance; not just the absence of disease or sickness.What is “Wellness?”The achievement of a person’s best in all six components of health-optimal healthWhat is “anything that increases the likelihood of an injury, disease, or other health problem?”Risk FactorWhat is a “Health Advocate”?A person who works in a health field or speaks out or promotes health.
27 Life Skills Tools for building or improving health Example: (Public Speaking or good decision making skills)
28 8 “Good” Life Skills 10 “Good” Healthy Life Skills -Assessing Your Health-Communication Skills-Coping (dealing with problems in an effective way)-Being a wise consumer (a person who buys products)-Evaluating Media-Refusal Skills-Goal Setting-Practicing Wellness-Using community resources (something you can use to help achieve a goal)-Making GREAT decisions
29 GREAT DecisionsGive thought to the problemReview your choicesEvaluate the consequences of each choiceAssess and choose the best choiceThink it over afterward
30 ConsequencesConsequences: The effect, result, or outcome of our actionsPart of good decision making skills is considering consequences.
31 Stop, Think, and Go STOP – Stop and admit you made a poor decision THINK – Think about who can discuss the situation with youGO – Go and correct the situation
32 CollaborationCollaboration: working together to achieve a goal or reach an objectiveGetting a second opinionRealizing how your decisions affects others
33 Who can you collaborate with? TeachersFriendsParentsSiblingsCounselorsNeighbors
34 SETTING HEALTHY GOALS 2 Types of Goals Short Term Goal: achieved quicklywithin a few days or few weeksLong Term Goal:-take longer to achievemay take months or even yearsmay be more rewarding once accomplishedAction Plan: set of directions that will help you reach your goal – should include rewards AND a way to track progress
35 6 Suggestions for Setting Goals… Sensible-RealisticSafe-Can this goal harm you?Satisfying-Should feel good when you reachSimilar-Should not contradict earlier goalsSpecific-Steps to achieve are very clearSupported-Would responsible adults approve of this goal?
37 Peer PressurePeer Pressure: a feeling you get that you should do something because somebody else wants you to do it
38 Direct Pressure: someone tries to convince you to do something that you normally wouldn’t do Indirect Pressure: swayed to do something because people you look up to are doing it
39 Refusal SkillsRefusal Skill: A strategy to avoid doing something that you do not feel comfortable doing – remember to be respectful and not put anyone down
40 Refusal Skills Blame someone else Give a reason Ignore the request Leave the situationSay “No, Thanks”Say NO and mean itMake a joke out of itMake an excuseSuggest something else to doChange subjectTeam up with somebody else
42 QUICK REVIEW What is a life skill? What are 4 of the life skills we mentioned?What are 2 types of goals?Which type of goal is more rewarding?What does sedentary mean?
43 QUICK REVIEW What is a life skill? Tools for building or improving healthWhat are 4 of the life skills we mentioned?Assessing Your Health, Communication Skills, Coping , Being a wise consumer, Evaluating Media, Refusal Skills, Goal Setting, Practicing Wellness, Using community resources, and Making GREAT decisionsWhat are 2 types of goals?Long-term and Short-termWhich type of goal is more rewarding?Long-termWhat does sedentary mean?LAZYNESS or not doing physical activityFriedman, David P., Curtis C. Stine, and Shannon Whalen. Lifetime Health. Orlando, [Fla.: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Print.
44 Group Activity BE CREATIVE!! Groups of no more than four people assigned by teacher.Create skit of at least 1 minute where student(s) suggests another does something harmful to health. Incorporate peer pressure (pg 33/34), GREAT decisions (pg 30/31), and refusal skills (pg 35).Each person must have a speaking part.This is your daily participation grade.BE CREATIVE!!