Presentation on theme: "Or, how to write HuG style"— Presentation transcript:
1Or, how to write HuG style My First FRQOr, how to write HuG style
2What does an FRQ look like You will have 3 free response questions.Each question usually has 2 to 3 parts labeled with A, B, C
3What are they looking for? Make sure to read each question carefully to ensure you have a solid grasp of what it is asking and what you are being asked to do when you respond. Identifying key words can help you understand exactly what you are being asked to do.The following are some commonly used terms:To analyze is to define components, especially in terms of their relationship to each other and to their meaning and importance.Describe is often connected to analyze; you're expected to give an account of some event or situation and, from the description, produce conclusions regarding its importance, relationships, possible consequences, etc.To assess or evaluate means to determine a judgment about something, to appraise positives and/or negatives, to take a stand on an issue.To compare and contrast are opposite instructions frequently used in combination; they ask you to show similarities and differences, respectively.To discuss implies presenting different aspects of something by examining various sides or opinions.To explain means to give clarification by presenting the details.Some questions include the phrase to what extent, which calls for a judgment regarding the scope, depth, or limits of the topic.
4How should you write?Be sure to label your questions one, two, and three, depending upon which question you are answering. Also, label your A B and C answers.Make sure that you are addressing each key action word. You can use stars or light underlining to review your work.Keep your personal opinions out of the essay. The pronoun I should not appear anywhere in your response. Similarly, don't insert any personal bias or judgment of the sources or the information. This is a presentation of the material and opinions of others, not a personal essay.Remember, outside information isn't required on the exam. If you do use examples on your exam, use examples that most people will recognize. Although a local example may fit applicably, the readers may not know that particular example and may not offer you points for it. Use examples that are applicable on a state, national, or global scale.
5Fake ExampleLet’s try it out with this “question”. You can use fake facts/data just like the writing exam.Flamingos and llamas are both epic creatures. Flamingos have traditionally thought to be superior to llamas, but in the past 50 years llamas have gained in popularity.Identify and explain two ways in which flamingos are superior to llamas.Identify and explain two reasons why llamas have gained popularity in the past 50 years.
6The RubricIt is important to note that points cannot be taken away from you. Once you have scored a point, you cannot lose that point. However, you do not want to contradict yourself in the essay.For our fake example:A. 2 points for each way that flamingos are superior in direct relation to llamas (1 for identifying and 1 for explaining)B. 2 points for each reason why llamas are gaining popularity (1 for identifying and 1 for explaining)Total of 8 points (5 is passing)
7Now, for real. Here is a real question (from the 2013 exam) Over the past 150 years, railroad and highway systems influenced patterns of urban growth in the United States.Identify and explain one way that railroads affected the size and one way that railroads affected the form of cities in the United States between 1870 and 1920.Identify and explain two ways that the Interstate Highway System affected cities in the United States between 1950 and today.
8Rubric: Part A (RRs and Size) Part A (4 points)Identify and explain one way that railroads affected the size and one way that railroads affected the form of cities in the United States between 1870 and 1920.Size of cities: identify and explain one of the bulleted points below for a total of 2 points.Cities grew:Stimulate economic growth: railroads connectivity/accessibility accelerated economic activity in citiesMigration/labor force: population increased due to increased connectivityCorridors: cities increased in size along rail corridors due to increased connectivityRange: range of services and employment increased in distance from city centerCommercial zone: industrial land use area increased to accommodate rail yards, stations, warehouses, engine shopsCities declined:Bypassed cities: some cities declined that were not connected to the RR network
9Rubric: Part A (RRs and Form) Form of cities: identify and explain one of the bulleted points below for a total of 2 points.CBD growth: central business district emerged and expandedCorridors: industrial corridors/districts along railways, depots, rivers, portsUrban pattern: star patterns or hub-and-spoke patterns, streetcar suburbs, wider roadsLand values: real estate around passenger stations became more valuable and popular; railroads created socio-economic divisions
10Rubric: Part B (Interstates) Part B (4 points)Identify and explain two ways that the Interstate Highway System affected cities in the United States between 1950 and today.Identify and explain two effects from below (only use each bulleted effect once for a maximum of 2 points).Relocation of economic activities: services, offices, retailing centers, transportation hubs light industry and warehousing to highway interchange areasSuburbanization: larger suburban labor force could independently access downtowns by car without living there; contributed to decline or depopulation of city centers.Land use change: sprawl, suburban area expands as highways radiated out of city; more land area to automotive uses (e.g., parking lots, more lanes, eminent domain); divides city and creates socioeconomic divisionsIncreased economic connectivity: increased accessibility between cities reducing travel time/costs leads to economic growth; increased trucking with reduced shipping costs leads to economic growthConurbations: highway corridors are spaces where conurbations form (I-95 in the northeast and South Florida; I-10 and 5 in Southern California)Edge cities: highways promoted the growth of Edge Cities near interchangesEnvironment: increased air, water, noise, and light pollution in cities, urban heat islandBypassed cities: some cities declined that were not connected to the highway network
11Total up your points and write in top right corner. At the bottom, write down 2 things that you will do differently next time now that you have seen a real rubric.