Presentation on theme: "Brain and Consciousness"— Presentation transcript:
1Brain and Consciousness Dr. Keith WallaceChair, Physiology and HealthDr. Fred TravisChair, Maharishi Vedic ScienceDirector, Brain, Consciousness, and Cognition Center
2Timeline: 7:45 – 9:00SunMondayTuesdayWedThursdayFridaySatSept11: Paradigms13: Brain Develop-mentMongolia Conference27: Sleeping28: TM and TCOct2: Science and Pseudoscience4: Other Meditations9: Cosmic ConsciousnessDrfredtravis.com for copy of lecture power points
3What is the relation of the brain and experience?
5WholenessParadigms provide the framework to judge individual goals and actions in relation to the larger world view. Paradigms are structured by collective experience. The experience of Transcendental Consciousness is required to change the current materialistic paradigm to a Consciousness-based paradigm.
6Paradigms are the foundation for conducting science. Paradigms (Science)Paradigms are the foundation for conducting science.Body of accepted theorySuccessful applicationsModel experiments.Paradigms guide meaning-making.Latin: “paradigma” (1) pattern, (2) to show side by side.Kuhn, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. 1974
7Patterns of values and standards of conduct are part of cultures and societies. They are shaped by experience and they affect our thinking without us being aware of it.
8Low Road and High RoadHigh RoadCEOLow RoadEmotional Centers
13Seeing another person in pain (Soccer fans and Red Sox versus Yankee Fans) If person is part of your team (In-group)Helping behavior and greater empathy (Anterior Insula)If person is part of other team (Out-group)Pleasure circuit (Nucleus Accumbens)Hein et al, in press, Neuron
14Republicans and Democrats …when Republican says a rational point,…when Democrat says a rational point,RepublicanCEODemocratLimbic System (emotions)DemocratRepublican
15Racial ProfilingPolicemen will most often see a youth of color pull a gun from their coat; and a white youth pull an ipod from their coat.
16Paradigm Blindness We ignore facts that contradict our paradigm. We accept a part of the fact that fits our paradigm.We accept without critical review facts that fit your paradigm.
17Travis and Durchholz, (2000) Can an Electronic Device Improve Mood and Well-Being, and Decrease Anxiety? International Journal of Neuroscience, 103:91-99.Do you think this will work?
19John Searle Consciousness is real and irreducible. All conscious states are caused by neuronal processes in the brain.Consciousness is a feature, state or process going on in the brain.Conscious states function causally.Consciousness is a biological phenomenon.
20MVS Model of Brain and Consciousness: Gita II 17 It may be made clear here that the omnipresent Being and the spirit within man are not two different entities. They are found to be different because of the different individual nervous systems. As the same sun appears as different when shining on different media, such as water and oil, so the same omnipresent Being, shining through different nervous systems, appears as different and forms the spirit, the subjective aspect of man's personality.
21ExerciseCompare the Sun/ reflector/ reflection model of Maharishi Vedic Science with John Searle’s model.
22Main PointParadigms determine meaning making; determine values; determine what actions may be considered right or wrong. Maharishi Vedic Science is a new paradigm that locates within the simplest form of human awareness, pure consciousness, the administering intelligence of each individual and all of Nature.