Presentation on theme: "Scientific Research on the Effects of"— Presentation transcript:
1Scientific Research on the Effects of Consciousness-Based EducationSample Findings
2More than 600 scientific research studies on the technologies of Consciousness-Based Education have been conducted atover 250 universities andresearch institutesin 33 countries.
3Scientific papers are reprinted from the research journals in 7 volumes:
4This development results spontaneously from experiencing the basis of The research studies show holistic enrichment of all areas of life— mind, body, behavior, and society.This development resultsspontaneouslyfrom experiencing the basis ofall thought and action,Transcendental Consciousness,from where life is fully in harmonywith all the laws of nature.
5Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field Discovery of the Unified Field of All the Laws of Nature
6total brain functioning. Experience of Transcendental Consciousness is associated with a unique physiological state of restful alertness,and promotes thedevelopment oftotal brain functioning.
7Increased Calmness Controls Transcencental Meditation THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION1%75%p<.15%Individuals practicing the Transcendental Meditation Technique showed significantly increased skin resistance during the practice, in contrast to controls sitting with eyes closed. Skin resistance is an electrophysiological measure of calmness or restfulness.25%%ControlsTranscencentalMeditationReference: Physiology & Behavior 35: 591–595, 1985.
8Increased Wakefulness THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION2.01.51.0p < .01Those who practiced the Transcendental Meditation technique displayed electroencephalographic (EEG) indications of increased wakefulness during the practice, in contrast to controls resting with eyes closed.0.5ControlsTranscendentalMeditationReference: Revue d'Electroencephalographie et de Neurophysiologie Clinique 4: , 1974.
9Increased EEG Coherence THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION2.52.01.5p < .051.0After two weeks of practice of the Transcendental Meditation program, individuals showed significantly increased EEG coherence during the practice, in contrast to their own eyes-closed control condition before they learned Transcendental Meditation. The frontal area of the brain, where coherence was measures in this study, is the executive control center of the brain; its proper functioning is crucial to planning, clarity of thought processes, and physiological and mental balance.0.5ControlsTranscendentalMeditationReference: International Journal of Neuroscience 14: , 1981.
10Development of wakeful, coherent brain functioning supports improved intellectual and academic performance.
11Holistic Improvement in Intellectual Performance THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION.220.127.116.11.4.3Three randomized controlled studies found that, in contrast to controls, secondary and professional students who learned the Transcendental Meditation technique showed significant improvement in five measures of intellectual functioning; they also showed decreased anxiety..2.1CreativityFieldPracticalMentalAbstractIndependenceIntelligenceEfficiencyIntelligencep<.1p<.1p<.1p<.3p<.1Reference: Intelligence 29: 419–440, 2001.
12Improved Post-Graduate Academic Performance THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION1%8%6%p<.24%Master degree engineering students who learned the Transcendental Meditation program showed improved performance on their standard examinations after six months, compared with randomly assigned controls.2%BeforeAfterTranscendentalMeditationReference: British Journal of Educational Psychology 55: 164–166, 1985.
13Growth of total brain functioning also promotesfreedom from stress, development of personality, and more positive behavior.
14Decreased Anxiety THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION Transcendental Concentration orOtherTranscendentalContemplationTechniquesMeditation-.-.2A statistical meta-analysis of 146 independent study results found that the Transcendental Meditation program is significantly more effective in reducing trait anxiety than procedures of concentration or contemplation, or other techniques.-.4-.6-.8p<.1Reference: Journal of Clinical Psychology 45: 957–974, 1989.
15Increased Self-Development THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATIONTranscendentalMeditation1..8.6.4University students who were practicing the Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi program increased significantly on self-development (ego-development) when measured after graduation, in contrast to control students at three other universities who were not participating in this program.ControlControlControl.2UniversityUniversityUniversity.-.2p=.2-.4Reference: Journal of Social Behavior and Personality 17: 93–121, 2005.
16Increased Tolerance in Secondary School Students THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION2.1.5p<.11.Secondary students who learned the Transcendental Meditation program showed increased tolerance after 14 weeks, in contrast to control students..5ControlsTranscendentalMeditationReference: Dissertation Abstracts International 38(7): 3372B–3373B, 1978.
17Improved Behavior in School THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATIONAbsenteeRuleSuspensionClass PeriodsInfractionsDays-.0-.2-.4Adolescent children were randomly assigned to either learn Transcendental Meditation or participate in a health education control group. After four months, the students practicing the Transcendental Meditation program showed decreased absenteeism, decreased school rule infractions, and decreased suspension days.-.6-.8p < .05p < .03p < .04Reference: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1: 10, 2003.
18supports more healthy behavior and better health, throughout life. Growth of physiological balance through the technologies of Consciousness-Based Educationsupports more healthy behavior and better health, throughout life.
19Decreased Cigarette Smoking THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATIONStandardStandardPreventionTranscendentalTreatmentsProgramsMeditation.-.2-.4A meta-analysis of all research studies on the Transcendental Meditation program related to cigarette smoking, in comparison to meta-analyses of standard treatment and prevention programs for smoking, found a significantly greater reduction of cigarette use among those who learn the Transcendental Meditation technique, even though this technique does not involve any guidance about change in lifestyle or habits.-.6-.8p=.6-1.Reference: Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11: 13–87, 1994.
20Decreased Medical Expenses THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATIONAfterTranscendental5%MeditationBeforeTranscendentalThis study measured annual percentage change in inflation-adjusted government payments for physicians' services over 14 years among 1,418 people in Quebec, Canada, who learned the Transcendental Meditation program in comparison to 1,418 controls randomly selected from individuals of the same age, gender, and region. Before learning the Transcendental Meditation program there was no significant difference in annual change between the two groups, with a slightly greater increase among the group that would later begin the program. After learning the Transcendental Meditation program, individuals showed a statistically significant average annual decline of 13.8 per cent, relative to controls, in payments for physicians' services.-5%Meditation-1%-15%p=.17Reference: American Journal of Health Promotion 14: 284–291, 2000.
21Consciousness-Based Education systematically develops more effective actionand inner fulfillmentthroughout life.
22Increased Employee Effectiveness THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATIONp<.5A study of executives and workers in the automotive industry found that after three months of regular practice of the Transcendental Meditation program, employees showed increased effectiveness, in comparison to controls from the same work sites.ControlsTranscendentalMeditationReference: Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal 6: 245–262, 1993.
23Increased Satisfaction with Professional and Personal Life THROUGH TRANSCENDENTAL MEDITATION.5.25ControlsA study of executives and workers in the automotive industry found that after three months of regular practice of the Transcendental Meditation program, employees showed increased job satisfaction, in comparison to controls from the same work sites.TranscendentalMeditation-.25p=.4-.5Reference: Anxiety, Stress and Coping: An International Journal 6: 245–262, 1993.
24more positive behavior, and better health; Development of total brain functioning for improved mental clarity, enhanced academic performance and personal growth;more positive behavior, and better health;more effective action, and inner happiness;all are the proven resultsof the TranscendentalMeditation program.
25For any school to see these benefits among its students, it is only necessaryto add to the scheduleof the school daya “quiet time” periodmorning and afternoon in which students practicethe TranscendentalMeditation program.
26Schools and universities can be centers of coherence and harmony for the whole society,even the whole nation.
27Maharishi Technology of the Unified Field Discovery of the Unified Field of All the Laws of NatureAs described earlier, the Unified Field of Natural Law is that field which connects everyone and everything in nature. When a group of sufficient size is enlivening the field of Transcendental Consciousness, the Unified Field of Natural Law, then the complete orderliness of that field is radiated throughout the whole society.
28large groups of participants in the advanced TM-Sidhi program Research studies using rigorous methods of time series analysis have repeatedly found a measurable influence of reduced turbulence in society and improved quality of lifeduring periods whenlarge groups of participantsin the advanced TM-Sidhi programwere established.Can possibly mention--The size of the group required to create this influence of orderliness in society is found to be the square root of one per cent of the population. So for a city of one million population, that means a group of at least 100 participants. For a country of 25 million, that means a group of at least 500 participants. Or for a country of 100 million population, the size of the required group is at least 1,000.
29Improved National Life: Decreased Fatalities HROUGHTM-SIDHIYOGICFLYINGU.S.A.Canada-2Weekly fatalities (homicides, suicides, and auto accidents) decreased significantly in the United States and in Canada during periods when the size of a group of participants in the Transcendental Meditation Sidhi program at Maharishi University of Management in the U.S. exceeded the square root of one per cent of the national population. The same result was found for Canada when the size of the group exceeded the square root of one per cent of the Canadian population.-4-6p<.25p<.5References: Social Indicators Research 22: 399–418, 1990; Psychological Reports 76: , 1995.
30Improved Behavioral Quality of Life in USA GHTM-SIDHIYOGICFLYING.6.45p=.6.3During periods when the size of a group of participants in the Transcendental Meditation Sidhi program exceeded the square root of one per cent of the national population, there was a significant improvement in a comprehensive quality of life index comprising behavioral variables (reduction in the total of homicides, suicides, motor vehicle fatalities, deaths due to other accidents, notifiable diseases, alcohol consumption, and cigarette consumption), controlling for changes in national economic trends (unemployment)..15ControlMaharishi-.15Effect-.3Reference: Proceedings of the Social Statistics Section of the American Statistical Association: 38–43, 1996.
31the life of society is increasingly in harmony with natural law, By enlivening the Unified Field of Natural Law, the field of Transcendental Consciousness,the life of society is increasingly inharmony with natural law,for greater peace,progress, and prosperity.
32Growth of enlightened individuals and an invincibly happy society are the documented results ofConsciousness-Based Education.