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FIGURE 5-1 Carbon-zinc cell. (Courtesy of Union Carbide Corp.) Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education,

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Presentation on theme: "FIGURE 5-1 Carbon-zinc cell. (Courtesy of Union Carbide Corp.) Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education,"— Presentation transcript:

1 FIGURE 5-1 Carbon-zinc cell. (Courtesy of Union Carbide Corp.) Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

2 FIGURE 5-3 Lead-acid cells of a battery. (Courtesy of Exide Corp.) Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

3 FIGURE 5-4 Hydrometer used to test batteries. (Courtesy of Exide Corp.) Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

4 FIGURE 5-6 Series voltage connection: (a) pictorial; (b) schematic; (c) flashlight with series batteries; (d) schematic of flashlight circuit. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

5 FIGURE 5-6 continued Series voltage connection: (a) pictorial; (b) schematic; (c) flashlight with series batteries; (d) schematic of flashlight circuit. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

6 FIGURE 5-6 continued Series voltage connection: (a) pictorial; (b) schematic; (c) flashlight with series batteries; (d) schematic of flashlight circuit. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

7 FIGURE 5-7 Parallel voltage connection: (a) pictorial; (b) schematic. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

8 FIGURE 5-7 continued Parallel voltage connection: (a) pictorial; (b) schematic. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

9 FIGURE 5-9 Solar cell. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

10 FIGURE 5-10 Operating principle of a thermocouple. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

11 FIGURE 5-12 Piezoelectric principle of a microphone. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

12 FIGURE 5-13 Principle of electromagnetic induction: (a) conductor placed inside a magnetic field; (b) conductor moved downward through the magnetic field. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

13 FIGURE 5-13 continued Principle of electromagnetic induction: (a) conductor placed inside a magnetic field; (b) conductor moved downward through the magnetic field. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

14 FIGURE 5-14 Voltage generation: (a) loop of wire rotated through a magnetic field; (b) voltage produced by the movement of the loop of wire. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

15 FIGURE 5-15 Two cycles of an alternating-current (ac) sine wave. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

16 FIGURE 5-16 Generation of an ac sine wave: (a) sine values of angles from 0 to 360; (b) sine wave produced. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

17 FIGURE 5-16 continued Generation of an ac sine wave: (a) sine values of angles from 0 to 360; (b) sine wave produced. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

18 FIGURE 5-17 Generating voltage: (a) rotating-armature method; (b) rotating-field method. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

19 FIGURE 5-18 Three-phase system: (a) construction features; (b) diagram of three-phase voltage. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

20 FIGURE 5-18 continued Three-phase system: (a) construction features; (b) diagram of three-phase voltage. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

21 FIGURE 5-19 Three-phase connections: (a) wye connection, sometimes called a star connection; (b) delta connection. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

22 FIGURE 5-20 Parts of an automobile alternator. (Courtesy of Chrysler Corp.) Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

23 FIGURE 5-21 Parts of a direct-current generator: (a) basic parts; (b) electromagnetic pole pieces; (c) brush assembly; (d) rotor; (e) commutator detail. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

24 FIGURE 5-22 Current flow from the coils of a dc generator: (a) single coil-pulsating direct current; (b) many coils-more pure direct current. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

25 FIGURE 5-22 continued Current flow from the coils of a dc generator: (a) single coil-pulsating direct current; (b) many coils-more pure direct current. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

26 FIGURE 5-23 Cutaway of a shunt-wound dc generator. (Courtesy of Delco-Remy.) Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

27 FIGURE 5-24 Permanent magnet dc generator: (a) pictorial; (b) schematic. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. (a)

28 FIGURE 5-24 continued Permanent magnet dc generator: (a) pictorial; (b) schematic. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. (b)

29 FIGURE 5-25 Separately excited dc generator: (a) pictorial; (b) schematic. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. (a)

30 FIGURE 5-25 continued Separately excited dc generator: (a) pictorial; (b) schematic. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. (b)

31 FIGURE 5-26 Series-wound dc generator: (a) pictorial; (b) schematic. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

32 FIGURE 5-27 Output graph of a series-wound dc generator. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

33 FIGURE 5-28 Shunt-wound dc generator: (a) pictorial; (b) schematic. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

34 FIGURE 5-30 Compound-wound dc generator: (a) pictorial; (b) short shunt generator-shunt field is connected across the armature only; (c) long shunt generator-shunt field is connected across the armature and series field. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

35 FIGURE 5-31 Output graph for three types of compound-wound dc generators. Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

36 FIGURE 5-32 Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.

37 FIGURE 5-32 continued Dale R. Patrick Electricity and Electronics: A Survey, 5e Copyright ©2002 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved.


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