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Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.1 Decision-making tree: transferring to a higher level of care.

2 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.2 Series resistors with a single unknown current i s.

3 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.3 A simplified version of the circuit shown in Fig. 3.2.

4 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.4 The black box equivalent of the circuit shown in Fig. 3.2.

5 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.5 Resistors in parallel.

6 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.6 Nonparallel resistors.

7 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.7 Replacing the four parallel resistors shown in Fig. 3.5 with a single equivalent resistor.

8 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.8 Two resistors connected in parallel.

9 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.9 The circuit for Example 3.1.

10 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.10 A simplification of the circuit shown in Fig. 3.9.

11 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.11 The circuit of Fig. 3.10(b) showing the numerical value of i s.

12 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.12 (a) A voltage-divider circuit and (b) the voltage-divider circuit with current i indicated.

13 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.13 A voltage divider connected to a load R L.

14 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.14 The circuit for Example 3.2.

15 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.15 The current-divider circuit.

16 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.16 The circuit for Example 3.3.

17 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.17 A simplification of the circuit shown in Fig

18 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.18 Circuit used to illustrate voltage division.

19 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.19 Circuit used to illustrate current division.

20 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.20 The circuit for Example 3.4.

21 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.21 An ammeter connected to measure the current in R 1 and a voltmeter connected to measure the voltage across R 2.

22 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.22 A short-circuit model for the ideal ammeter, and an open-circuit model for the ideal voltmeter.

23 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.23 A schematic diagram of a d’Arsonval meter movement.

24 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.24 A dc ammeter circuit.

25 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.25 A dc voltmeter circuit.

26 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.26 The Wheatstone bridge circuit.

27 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.27 A balanced Wheatstone bridge (i g = 0).

28 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.28 A resistive network generated by a Wheatstone bridge circuit.

29 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.29 A ∆ configuration viewed as a π configuration.

30 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.30 A Y structure viewed as a T structure.

31 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.31 The ∆ -to-Y transformation.

32 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.32 The circuit for Example 3.7.

33 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.33 The equivalent Y resistors.

34 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.34 A transformed version of the circuit shown in Fig

35 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.35 The final step in the simplification of the circuit shown in Fig

36 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.36 Model of a defroster grid.

37 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure 3.37 A simplified model of the defroster grid.

38 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel

39 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.1

40 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.2

41 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.5

42 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.6

43 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.7

44 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.10

45 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.11

46 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.14

47 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.15

48 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.16

49 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.18

50 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.19

51 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.20

52 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.21

53 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.25

54 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.26

55 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.27

56 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.28

57 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.29

58 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.30

59 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.31

60 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.32

61 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.33

62 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.35

63 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.38

64 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.40

65 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.43

66 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.44

67 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.45

68 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.46

69 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.47

70 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.49

71 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.50

72 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.53

73 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.54

74 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.55

75 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.56

76 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.57

77 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.58

78 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.59

79 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.60

80 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.61

81 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.64

82 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.65

83 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.66

84 Copyright ©2011, ©2008, ©2005 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All rights reserved. Electric Circuits, Ninth Edition James W. Nilsson Susan A. Riedel Figure P3.67


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