Presentation on theme: "AIM: How do organisms maintain dynamic equilibrium that sustains life?"— Presentation transcript:
1AIM: How do organisms maintain dynamic equilibrium that sustains life? 4/19/13DO NOW:Pick up today’s quiz & finish itHOMEWORK: 1. Study for Monday’s Preliminary ILS Exam #1
2Identify the structure & function of the labeled parts of the plant below. A – Flower – Reproduction in the plantB – Leaves – Site of photosynthesis (makes food for the plant)C – Stem – Transports materials throughout the plantD – Roots – Takes in water
3Explain the function of the three parts of the seed. Seed Coat – Protects the developing embryoEmbryo – The developing baby plantCotyledon – Stored food for the embryo & young seedlingWhy does the seedling at right need the cotyledon after germination?The Cotyledon provides the seedling with food until its leaves can fully function & photosynthesis can take place
4What do all organisms need to stay alive? Energy from food How do plants make their food?PhotosynthesisWhere does photosynthesis occur in a plant?ChloroplastsWhat is needed for photosynthesis to occur?Carbon dioxide, water, and sunlightWhat is the formula for photosynthesis?CO2 + H2O + Sunlight Glucose + O2 + H2O
5ILS QuestionThe flowchart below represents the process of photosynthesis. One step in the process is labeled X.Which activity occurs at X?Carbon dioxide and water are used to make sugarWhere does photosynthesis take place?Chloroplasts
6ILS QuestionBase your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the diagram to the right and on your knowledge of science. The diagram shows a plant that carries out photosynthesis.Sunlight is absorbed by the leaves. What two substances are also taken in by the plant for photosynthesis to occur?Identify one product, other than sugar, that results from the process of photosynthesis.
7What is cellular respiration? The chemical process that cells use to release energy from food moleculesWhere does cellular respiration occur inside of the cell?MitochondriaWhat is the formula for cellular respiration?O2 + Food + H2O Energy + CO2 + H2O
8What are the waste products of cellular respiration? Carbon dioxideWaterHow are these waste products of respiration removed from our body?Exhale (CO2 & H2O)Sweating (H2O)Urine (H2O)
9ILS QuestionThe diagram below shows a life process taking place within a cell.What life process is shown?Where does this life process take place within the cell?
12Explain the difference between a producer & a consumer? Producer – make their own foodConsumer – must obtain food from the environmentGive an example of a producer. Consumer.
13ILS QuestionProducers, consumers, and decomposers are three types of organisms that obtain nutrients in different ways.In the chart below, identify each organism as a producer, consumer, or decomposer based on its source of nutrients.
14ILS QuestionIdentify the living and nonliving parts of the fish tank ecosystem.Identify the producers & consumers in the fish tank.How are the living organisms in the fish tank interdependent on each other for survival?
15Identify the 4 types of consumers. Herbivores – eats plantsOmnivore – eats both plant & animalsCarnivores – eats animalsDecomposers – eats long dead organisms (decompose wastes)
16ILS Question The diagram below shows a food chain. Identify the herbivore in the diagram above.Identify the carnivores in the diagram above.
17What is metabolism?All of the chemical activities in an organism’s bodyWhat factors influence your metabolism?HormonesExerciseDietIf you have an imbalance of required nutrients, what may happen?Weight gainWeight lossDisease
18ILS QuestionInsulin and glucagon are hormones that affect blood sugar levels. The diagram below shows the feedback system used by the human body to increase and decrease blood sugar levels. This feedback system is one way that the human body (1) circulates gases (2) maintains equilibrium (3) destroys viruses (4) transports nutrients