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Topic: Final Exam Review Aim: Let’s review Cells and Cell Processes Do Now: Describe the difference between independent and dependent variables. HW: Human.

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Presentation on theme: "Topic: Final Exam Review Aim: Let’s review Cells and Cell Processes Do Now: Describe the difference between independent and dependent variables. HW: Human."— Presentation transcript:

1 Topic: Final Exam Review Aim: Let’s review Cells and Cell Processes Do Now: Describe the difference between independent and dependent variables. HW: Human Systems Review Worksheet

2 E G H Vacuole Mitochondria Ribosome Cell membrane Nucleus Nucleolus ER

3 Nucleus Cell membrane Vacuole Chloroplast

4

5 Cell Respiration C 6 H 12 O 6 + O 2  CO 2 + H ATP Photosynthesis CO 2 + H 2 0  O 2 + H C 6 H 12 O 6

6 Stigma Anther Filament Ovary Sepal

7 A B C D epicotyl hypocotyl cotyledon seed coat

8 Which sequence of terms is in the correct order from simplest to most complex? (1) cells, tissues, organs, organ systems (2) tissues, organisms, cells, organ systems (3) cells, tissues, organ systems, organs (4) organs, organisms, organ systems, cells

9 One difference between plant and animal cells is that animal cells do not have (1)a nucleus (2)chloroplasts (3)a cell membrane (4)centrioles

10 Which structure permits the entry and exit of materials in an animal cell? (1.) lysosome (2.) chromosome (3.) cell wall (4.) cell membrane

11 The structure most closely associated with the destruction of worn out cell organelles is the (1.) lysosome (2.) centrosome (3.) vacuole (4.) chromosome

12 Which is found in the nucleus? (1.) ribosome (2.) vacuole (3.) lysosome (4.) chromosome

13 The rigidity (support) of a plant cell is due primarily to the presence of the (1) chloroplasts (2) centrosomes (3) cell membrane (4) cell wall

14 Whitney observes a cell under the microscope. She identifies it as a green plant cell and not a cheek cell because of a (1.) nucleus (2.) cell membrane (3.) chloroplast (4.) mitochondrion

15 While viewing a slide of rapidly moving sperm cells, a student concludes that these cells require a large amount of energy to maintain their activity. The organelles that most directly provide this energy are known as (1) vacuoles (2) chloroplasts (3) ribosomes (4) mitochondria

16 Which structure is found ONLY in animal cells? (1.) cell wall (2.) vacuoles (3.) centrioles (4.) chloroplasts

17 The organelle most closely associated with the manufacture of proteins within the cell is the (1.) ribosome (2.) nucleolus (3.) cell wall (4.) cell membrane

18 The breakdown of organic compounds to produce ATP is known as (1)cellular respiration (2)transpiration (3)active transport (4) photosynthesis

19 An important molecule generated by both lactic acid fermentation and alcoholic fermentation is (1) ATP (2) CO 2 (3) CO 2 (4) H 2 O

20 When muscles are exercised extensively in the absence of sufficient oxygen, (1) lactic acid is produced (2) a large amount of ATP is formed (3) NADH molecules split (4) oxidative respiration occurs

21 Yeast produce alcohol and CO2 in the process of (1)lactic acid fermentation (2)alcoholic fermentation (3)aerobic respiration (4) glycolysis

22 In the presence of oxygen, _____ molecules of ATP can be formed. (1)2 (2) 19 (3) 36 (4) 63

23 An end product of alcoholic fermentation is (1)glucose (2) oxygen (3) carbon dioxide (4) lactic acid

24 The life function of transport in an organism directly involves those activities used to: 1.absorb and distribute materials 2.obtain and break down materials 3.release energy from food 4.produce cellular waste products

25 1.What type of transport does this picture represent? 2.Explain your answer. Active transport Substances are moving from a LOW to HIGH concentration.

26 The diagram above shows the same type of molecule in area A and area B. With the passage of time, some molecules move from area A to area B. This movement is the result of the process of __________. passive transport

27 The movement of materials from lower to higher concentration requiring energy is called (1.) movement (2.) diffusion (3.) active transport (4.) cell division

28 Diffusion is a term for the movement of molecules from (1) an area of low concentration to a high concentration (2) an adjacent area to a gradient area (3) an area of high concentration to a low concentration (4) a nucleus to the mitochondria

29 Which diagram below represents one type of human tissue? (The diagrams are not drawn to scale.)

30 Three different human cells are shown below. Which process occurs in all of these cells? 1. metamorphosis 2. locomotion 3. reproduction 4. photosynthesis

31 The basic life functions of an organism are carried on by (1)cells (2) atoms (3) nutrients (4) hormones

32 Which term identifies a group of cells that work together to perform a similar function? (1)molecule (2) organism (3) organ (4) tissue

33 Which substance do all living things require to survive? (1)blood (2) carbon dioxide (3) water (4) organic soil

34 One important difference between living things and nonliving things is that only living things have (1)compounds (2) molecules (3) elements (4) cells

35 In order to survive, all organisms must have (1)chlorophyll (2) energy (3) carbon dioxide (4) blood

36 The sum of all chemical reactions that take place within an organism is known as (1)evolution (2) circulation (3) metabolism (4) reproduction

37 During which process do cells use oxygen to release stored energy? (1)photosynthesis (2) circulation (3) respiration (4) digestion

38 Which term describes an organism’s ability to maintain a stable internal environment? (1)reproduction (2) locomotion (3) extinction (4) regulation

39 All plants and animals have mechanisms that (1) transport nutrients (2) perform photosynthesis (3) regulate nerves (4) produce flowers


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