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Topic: Final Exam Review Aim: Let’s review Human Systems Do Now: Multiple Choice ?’s HW: Final Exam Review Sheet.

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Presentation on theme: "Topic: Final Exam Review Aim: Let’s review Human Systems Do Now: Multiple Choice ?’s HW: Final Exam Review Sheet."— Presentation transcript:

1 Topic: Final Exam Review Aim: Let’s review Human Systems Do Now: Multiple Choice ?’s HW: Final Exam Review Sheet

2 Which diagram below represents one type of human tissue? (The diagrams are not drawn to scale.)

3 Three different human cells are shown below. Which process occurs in all of these cells? 1. metamorphosis 2. locomotion 3. reproduction 4. photosynthesis

4 All plants and animals have mechanisms that (1) transport nutrients (2) perform photosynthesis (3) regulate nerves (4) produce flowers

5 The basic life functions of an organism are carried on by (1)cells (2) atoms (3) nutrients (4) hormones

6 Which term identifies a group of cells that work together to perform a similar function? (1)molecule (2) organism (3) organ (4) tissue

7 Which substance do all living things require to survive? (1)blood (2) carbon dioxide (3) water (4) organic soil

8 One important difference between living things and nonliving things is that only living things have (1)compounds (2) molecules (3) elements (4) cells

9 In order to survive, all organisms must have (1)chlorophyll (2) energy (3) carbon dioxide (4) blood

10 The sum of all chemical reactions that take place within an organism is known as (1)evolution (2) circulation (3) metabolism (4) reproduction

11 During which process do cells use oxygen to release stored energy? (1)photosynthesis (2) circulation (3) respiration (4) digestion

12 Which term describes an organism’s ability to maintain a stable internal environment? (1)reproduction (2) locomotion (3) extinction (4) regulation

13 What system is represented in the diagram?

14 A B C D E F G H

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16 1. Identify the following information for the food to the left. a. Serving size b. Total carbohydrates c. Calories d. Protein e. Calories from fat 2. How many calories would you consume if you ate 2 servings of these crackers?

17 1.What system is represented in the diagram? 2. Identify structures C, G, E and D.

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19 Identify each structure in the diagram and describe its function.

20 1.What pathogen causes AIDS? 2.What is the effect of AIDS on the body? HIV (which is a virus) It weakens the immune system so the body cannot fight pathogens well.

21 Y Z Identify structures X, Y, and Z. red blood cell white blood cell platelet

22 A C B D E

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27 Insulin and glucagon are hormones that affect blood sugar levels. The diagram below shows the feedback system used by the human body to increase and decrease blood sugar levels. This feedback system is one way that the human body (1)circulates gases (3) destroys viruses (2) maintains equilibrium (4) transports nutrients

28 The diagram below shows a human organ system. Which human organ system is shown? (1) nervous (3) circulatory (2) digestive (4) respiratory

29 The diagram below shows part of the human Excretory system. The structures shown are primarily involved in (1) transporting blood (3) removing wastes (2) producing sex cells (4) breaking down food

30 Which health condition is an infectious disease? (1) pneumonia caused by microorganisms (2) heart problem caused by a high-fat diet (3) lung cancer caused by smoking (4) eye damage caused by ultraviolet light

31 Infections may be caused by (1)mutations (2) toxic substances (3) microorganisms (4) climate changes

32 The main function of hormones in the human body is to (1) identify and destroy microbes (2) regulate body functions (3) transport blood to cells (4) store energy

33 Which human organ system produces sperm or egg cells? (1)digestive system (2) respiratory system (3) nervous system (4) reproductive system

34 A student fails to eat a balanced diet over a period of time. This lack of a balanced diet can lead to (1)selective breeding (2) extinction (3) dynamic equilibrium (4) disease

35 Which human organ system eliminates liquid and gaseous wastes from the body? (1) circulatory (2) excretory (3) endocrine (4) reproductive

36 Which human organ system produces hormones to regulate growth, development, and reproduction? (1)circulatory (2) nervous (3) digestive (4) endocrine

37 The interaction of the skeletal and muscular systems to produce locomotion is coordinated by which human body system? (1)circulatory (2) nervous (3) excretory (4) respiratory

38 The chart below identifies the function of several organs found in a human body system. Which human body system performs these functions? (1) skeletal (3) circulatory (2) digestive (4) respiratory

39 In humans, the amount of sugar in blood is controlled by the release of a hormone called insulin. This process is an example of (1)depletion (3) regulation (2) digestion (4) excretion

40 Scurvy is a disease that sailors often got on long voyages. It was discovered that scurvy could be prevented by eating oranges and lemons. This suggests that scurvy is a disease caused by (1)exposure to sea air (2) a microorganism (3) a nutritional deficiency (4) lack of exercise

41 A cat jumps when startled by a loud noise. This is an example of an organism (1) sensing and responding to its external environment (2) sensing and responding to its internal environment (3) changing and controlling its external environment (4) changing and controlling its internal environment

42 Running to escape danger is an action that requires the nervous system to coordinate the interaction of which two body systems? (1) digestive and endocrine (2) muscular and skeletal (3) reproductive and excretory (4) circulatory and digestive

43 Which unit is used to express the amount of energy in food? (1)Calorie (2) milliliter (3) degree Celsius (4) gram


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