Presentation on theme: "Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 13, 2011 U.S. History Mr. Green."— Presentation transcript:
Baltimore Polytechnic Institute April 13, 2011 U.S. History Mr. Green
The students will summarize government efforts to investigate the loyalty of U.S. citizens by explaining the spy cases of Alger Hiss and the Rosenbergs Announcement: Chapter 18/19 Test May 13 Drill: Read One American’s Story on page 619 and answer the following questions: 1. In the postwar period, did most Americans think it was a good thing or a bad thing to be a Communist? 2. What kinds of things happened to people suspected of being Communists?
FEAR OF COMMUNIST INFLUENCE Loyalty Review Board Federal Employees Loyalty and Security Program Purpose to root out communism in the federal government House Committee on Un-American Activities HUAC investigated Hollywood for Communist sympathizers and supporters Hollywood ten refused to testify and were sent to prison Executives blacklisted about 500 people from the business McCarran Act passed over Truman’s veto made it illegal to plan any action that would instill a totalitarian dictatorship
Alger Hiss found guilty of lying about spying and sent to prison in 1948 The Rosenbergs guilty of espionage and electrocuted in June 1953 Helped the Soviets acquire nuclear technology quicker than predicted
Accused Dean Acheson of employing 205 known Communists only 57 genuine communists and never rooted out 1 Accused General George Marshall of a huge conspiracy Ike tried to stay out of the gutter with McCarthy Deprived government of Asian specialists that may have helped with Vietnam dictated personnel at the State Department Army-McCarthy Hearings 1954 States created laws against advocating the overthrow of the government Died in 1957 of chronic alcoholism
Complete the Guided Reading sheet and submit prior to the end of class.
Should the United States fight radical Islam at home by instituting loyalty oaths? Explain your position with evidence from the text.